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Posts Tagged ‘France’

Supporting international response in Central African Republic

Posted by African Press International on December 9, 2013

LONDON, United-Kingdom, December 6, 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ – Foreign Secretary announces UK air transport assistance to France for Central African Republic.

On 5th December, with strong UK support, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2127 authorising the deployment of the African-led International Support Mission to CAR (MISCA), and the deployment of French forces to give assistance. The Mission will contribute to the protection of civilians, the restoration of public order, and the stabilisation of CAR at a critical moment.

Foreign Secretary William Hague said:

“The UN Security Council made an important decision yesterday to authorise African Union and French troops to respond to the security and humanitarian crisis in the Central African Republic.

“We are determined to play our part in helping to address the violence. We have therefore agreed with the Government of France that we will help move French equipment to CAR by means of a UK C17 transport aircraft. Three separate flights will take place this month, with the first one due to land in CAR shortly.

“This comes on top of £10 million in UK aid announced on 30 November. Having already contributed £5 million in July, the United Kingdom is now one of the largest donors of humanitarian assistance to the people of CAR. We will continue to work alongside the International Red Cross and UN agencies to help thousands of people gain access to food, water, shelter, sanitation and healthcare to alleviate the desperate humanitarian suffering.”

 

SOURCE

United Kingdom – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 

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SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT ON NELSON MANDELA

Posted by African Press International on December 7, 2013

NEW YORK, December 6, 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ – The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Gérard Araud ( France):

The members of the Security Council are profoundly saddened to hear of the death of President Nelson Mandela. He was an inspirational leader who transformed the lives of millions of people around the world. The members of the Security Council extend their deepest condolences to his family and to the Government and people of South Africa at this time.

The members of the Security Council express their deepest admiration for the outstanding qualities of moral and political leadership displayed by Nelson Mandela throughout his lifetime. His lifelong fight against racial oppression and his decisive role in shaping the peaceful transition to a united and democratic South Africa are a lasting legacy to his country and to the world.

The members of the Security Council commend the adoption in 2009 of Nelson Mandela International Day, the first ever international day in honour of an individual. The members of the Security Council consider this to be a reflection of the magnitude of Nelson Mandela’s contribution to freedom and justice. Nelson Mandela Day is a celebration of the idea that each individual has the power to transform the world, and the ability to make an impact, just as Nelson Mandela did himself.

The members of the Security Council express their solidarity with the people of South Africa at this sad time. President Nelson Mandela will forever be remembered as someone who gave up so much of his life in the struggle for freedom, so that millions could have a brighter future.

 

SOURCE

UNITED NATIONS

 

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National Day Message

Posted by African Press International on December 1, 2013

WASHINGTON, December 1, 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ Remarks

John Kerry

Secretary of State

Washington, DC

November 30, 2013

On behalf of President Obama and the people of the United States, I extend my deepest hope to the people of the Central African Republic that you may celebrate your independence on December 1 in peace and security.

The United States stands with the courageous people of the Central African Republic as we work together and with regional and international partners to restore stability, protect human rights, promote national reconciliation, and re-establish constitutional governance in your country.

We share a vision for your country’s future that includes security and prosperity for all people. To help realize that vision, we are planning to provide $40 million in assistance to the African Union-led peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic. We have also provided more than $24 million in humanitarian assistance and an additional $6 million specifically to support new Central African refugees in neighboring states.

I congratulate the people of the Central African Republic on their National Day and extend my sincerest wishes for a future of peace, stability, and prosperity.

 

SOURCE

US Department of State

 

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The Chief of the International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda speaks

Posted by African Press International on November 25, 2013

Statement of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda, following the issuance of a second warrant of arrest against Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, and the arrest of four other individuals

​On 20 November 2013, the Single Judge of Pre-Trial Chamber II issued under seal a warrant of arrest against five individuals for the commission of offences against the administration of justice in connection with the case of The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo (ICC-01/05-01/08).

Pursuant to this warrant, on 23 and 24 November 2013, police forces in Belgium, France, The Netherlands and the Democratic Republic of the Congo arrested four individuals whom my Office alleges are responsible for offences against the administration of justice under Article 70 of the Rome Statute.  The warrant of arrest was also notified on a  fifth person, Mr. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, who my Office alleges has ordered, solicited and induced these attempts to pervert the course of justice in relation to his on-going trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC).  Since his arrest in 2008, Mr. Bemba has been in detention at the ICC where he is facing charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity.  He completed the presentation of his case before Trial Chamber III on 22 November 2013.

Persons arrested pursuant to the current warrant of arrest are Messrs. Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, Narcisse Arido and Fidèle Babala Wandu.  National procedures are on-going for their surrender to the Court.

The individuals arrested include, amongst others, members of the defence team of Mr. Bemba.  It is particularly disturbing that a member of the legal profession is alleged to have intentionally and systematically participated in criminal activities aimed at undermining the administration of justice.

Article 70 of the Rome Statute stipulates that it is a criminal offence for anyone to, inter alia, attempt to corruptly influence witnesses or tamper with evidence, or present evidence known to be false or forged.  If convicted, those found responsible for these crimes may face up to five years imprisonment, or a fine, or both.

I am extremely grateful for the excellent cooperation received from all States involved in facilitating the smooth execution of the arrests and related investigative operations.

Justice must be allowed to take its course.  This warrant of arrest must serve as a warning to would-be perpetrators that my office will not hesitate to bring the full force of the law to bear against cynical – criminal – attempts to deny victims of massive crimes the justice they deserve.

 

Source:  Office of the Prosecutor

 

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Promoting economic growth and Canadian values in France and in Senegal

Posted by African Press International on November 7, 2013

OTTAWA, Canada, November 7, 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ During his visit to France and to Senegal on November 7–12, 2013, Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and Minister for La Francophonie, will use Canada’s leadership role in La Francophonie to promote sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction.

In Paris on November 7–9, Minister Paradis will take part in the 29th session of the Ministerial Conference of La Francophonie. He will promote an economic initiative within the organization, and will also hold a series of bilateral meetings with his counterparts from member countries of La Francophonie. The Minister will also deliver a statement from the Government of Canada at the General Conference of UNESCO, a body of which Canada remains an active and engaged member.

“Canada plays a leading role in La Francophonie, an organization that is essential for promoting our Francophone culture and heritage,” said Minister Paradis. “Our government will continue to promote sustainable economic growth as the best tool for reducing poverty, improving equality between women and men, and creating prosperity.”

The Minister will then visit Senegal on November 10–12, where he will meet with representatives of the Government of Senegal, Canadian and international partners, and local organizations to talk about Canada’s development program. The Minister will also pay a visit to development project sites funded by Canada to see the results. During his visit, the Minister will focus on food security, the role of the private sector in agricultural development, and the mutual reinforcement of the prosperity agenda of both countries.

This trip will enable Minister Paradis to make the most of important forums for member countries of La Francophonie. It will allow him to highlight Canada’s contribution to improving the lives of French-speaking populations around the world, particularly Canada’s ongoing commitment to supporting Senegal in its sustainable development efforts in order to improve the quality of life of all Senegalese.

 

SOURCE

Canada – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 

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Whistleblower Mr Philippe Laurent hold up in a Oslo hotel since 10.07.2013; says CIA, NSA and French Intelligence out to kill him

Posted by African Press International on August 11, 2013

Mr. Philippe Laurent a man of French nationality, opens up to African Press International in a Oslo hotel where he is holed up since the 10.07.2013 fearing for his life. He says he is in danger because he is a whistleblower, who has worked against corrupt officials in high places in his native land France, and in Cambodia where he has been working for the last 4 years as the Secretary General in charge of Cambodian Airports. He represented The French Vinci company.

He says he admires the wanted American whistleblower, (turned fugitive in the eyes of the US government), Mr. Edward Snowden, who has now been granted temporary refugee status in Russia. According to him, Mr Snowden, a man Laurent says he knows, has done the right thing by exposing what the US government under President Barack Obama has been doing – spying electronically on citizens of other countries. Mr Laurent also claims that he has knowledge about American Shane Todd’s death in Singapore, saying it was murder, not suicide as has been claimed by investigating authorities.

Could this man be taking people for a ride by sensationally claiming to know what he does not know? Are these allegations to be ignored? Wisdom dictates that any allegation, – and especially as serious as these, should not be ignored without a thorough investigation.

www.africanpress.me/ CIA, NSA and the French Intelligence are out to kill me; says Frenchman Mr Philippe Laurent, who is now holed in a Oslo Hotel in Norway fearing for his life
http://www.africanpress.me/ CIANSA and the French Intelligence are out to kill me; says Frenchman Mr Philippe Laurent, who is now holed in a Oslo Hotel in Norway fearing for his life

“Frenchman Mr Philippe Laurent searching for justice”.

INTERVIEW:

“Mr Philippe Laurent – THE FRENCHMAN WHOSE LIFE IS IN DANGER.”

————-

One on One with Frenchman Philippe Laurent” Interview Part 1 of 2

“One on One with Frenchman Philippe Laurent” Interview Part 2 of 2

Mr Philippe Laurent, The Frenchman searching for justice says his life is in danger. He says he has been victimized by the French intelligence. Now he is on the run in search for justice. At present he is temporarily staying in Norway. Mr Laurent says he wants the Norwegian authorities to protect him from the French intelligence, who he believes are out after him – supported by NSA and the CIA.

It is, however, difficult to understand why he thinks CIA and NSA are involved in this sinister affair, if as a whistleblower he has only targeted French and Cambodian corrupt leaders. When asked to explain this, Mr Laurent says he has evidence to back his case and is willing to reveal everything when he gets people who are interested is saving his life.

In our interview, he asks the Norwegian authorities to help him by saving his life. He tells African Press International that he has not lived with his wife and children for 5 years fearing he will be picked and assassinated.

The question here is whether he is speaking the truth or just making up his story. On this, Mr Laurent says, he is a strong fighter against corruption and will continue to do so even if it means loosing his life. The question that needs to be answered is why a man with a good job as Secretary General in charge of all Cambodian Airports, should leave it and escape from Cambodia to seek refuge in Norway if he is not telling the truth.

He arrived in Norway from Cambodia on the 10th of July 2013. Speaking to African Press International Mr Laurent says the French intelligence tried to have him jailed by the Cambodian police after turning to be a whistleblower on corrupt personalities in France and Cambodia.

In his search for protection, Mr Laurent has contacted, among others, the following;

Now while in the Norwegian capital Oslo in search of protection to save his live, he has contacted

  1. The Norwegian Minister of Justice Ms Grete Faremo
  2. The Norwegian Immigration Police
  3. The Norwegian National Criminal Investigation Service, (NCIS)
  4. The Norwegian Intelligence Agency (PST)
On realising that nothing is forthcoming from them, he has taken direct contact with Oslo District Court‘s President Mr Geir Engebretsen (sorenskriver) and has filed his case there – seeking to be heard.
He has also contacted;
  1. The UN Secretary General Mr Ban Ki Moon
  2. The President of the European Parliament Mr. Martin SCHULZ,
  3. The President of France Mr. Francois HOLLANDE.
  4. And The Prime Minister of France Mr Jean-Marc AYRAULT,

So far, he has received a reply from The National Criminal Investigation Service, NCIS, as evidenced here below in their communication:

From: petter.dyhre (at) politiet.no
To: ph.laurent (at) live.com
Date: Mon, 29 Jul 2013 09:05:16 +0200
Subject: Your emails of 16 July

 

Dear Mr Laurent,

Kripos (The National Criminal Investigation Service, NCIS) has received your email and attached documents.

NCIS is a central support agency, with expertise in criminal investigation and forensic services, and an advisory body to central authorities. NCIS main mission is to render support to local police districts. NCIS do not normally receive reports directly from the public. When filing a complaint is has to be done to the nearest police station. When reading your documents our impression is that this information is not intended for investigation by the Norwegian police. When it comes to residents permit in Norway, you have as EU citizen wide opportunities. The easiest is to register with the nearest police station, and you will receive the necessary information.

Regards.

Petter Dyhre

Police Superintendent

NCIS


IF NOT ABLE TO WATCH THE VIDEOS ABOVE:

Listen to the audio below:

 

 

End

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Mali: A rush to elections is dangerous

Posted by African Press International on June 7, 2013

Elections in Mali could pose a danger, if rushed, say observers (file photo)

HIGHLIGHTS

  • July elections could further destabilize north
  • MINUSMA will barely have settled in by July
  • Reconciliation body yet to gain momentum
  • Elections would coincide with rains, Ramadan

DAKAR/BAMAKO,  – As international donors, notably France and the USA, as well as the Economic Community of West African States, push for July presidential elections in Mali, critics say doing so could foment factionalization in the north thus further destabilizing it, threaten ongoing negotiations over Kidal town, and hamper reconciliation and dialogue. IRIN spoke to analysts, citizen activists and would-be voters to glean their views.

It is clear why certain outsiders are pushing for elections, said Jamie Bouverie in Africa Report: France needs to put in place a legitimate authority to enable it to declare the Mali problem over; the US requires a democratically elected authority to restart its aid and investments; and the UN requires a legitimate partner for MINUSMA, its stabilization mission.

“Conducting elections is the only realistic way,” said Paul Melly, associate fellow at think tank Chatham House. “If there were no restoration of democratic structures, the country would not get international aid and would struggle to cooperate with others countries.”

Some Malians agree. Maimouna Dagnoko, a trader in Bamako, told IRIN: “The government must do all it can to hold these elections in July. Only through them can we put in place a legitimate authority which can take charge. The longer the transition government persists, the further we sink into the abyss.”

But while all agree that elections are needed, many say rushing them will further destabilize Mali. Inter-communal violence, suicide attacks and roadside bombs recur in the north, while France plans to bring its troop count down to 1,000 (from 4,000 in April) by election month, creating a security vacuum, some say. While MINUSMA is set to fully deploy in July it will take time to establish itself.

“What makes elections highly complicated is the situation in the north – not only Kidal, which gets most of the attention, but in Ménaka, Gao and Timbuktu, which have not been sorted out,” said Yvan Guichaoua, international politics lecturer at the University of East Anglia, mentioning the continuation of exactions against light-skinned people in parts of the north – inter-communal violence between the Movement for the National Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and Arab fighters in Ber (Timbuktu Region) and Anefis (in Kidal Region). “Distrust between communities is still very high. Just think back to the 1992 national pact, which was ambitious but still led to three more years of communal violence.”

The Kidal question remains controversial: Malian troops this week wrested control of Anefis, midway between Gao and Kidal town, as part of a military offensive that is assumed to aim to take back Kidal Region from the MNLA. This offensive will have stymied the Burkina Faso-led negotiations currently under way between members of the MNLA, the High Council of Azawad (formerly of MNLA and then Ansar Dine) and the Malian authorities.

No “game-changers”

One problem is that while the Bamako political landscape has changed a bit since the March 2012 military coup, newcomers have by and large not shown any more concern for addressing the country’s core problems than their predecessors, said Guichaoua. “The godfathers of Malian politics are still in the game – there are no game-changers there,” he told IRIN.

Elections must be a beginning not an end, he added. If they are rushed, then after them, the problems of alienation in the north, the collapse of the Malian state, an inability to provide quality basic services such as health and education, and impunity for abuses that took place both recently and in previous conflicts over the north, will all persist.

Truth and reconciliation

All analysts IRIN spoke to stressed the importance of community and national-level reconciliation and dialogue. “For generations, tensions between nomadic Tuaregs and other ethnic groups have caused deep wounds that can only be healed through a truth and reconciliation process,” said academics Greg Mann and Bruce Whitehouse in a March article. “The scope of this process should not be restricted to events in northern Mali, but should encompass misdeeds committed throughout the country, including by the previous government and the soldiers who overthrew it a year ago.”

But the Commission for Dialogue and Reconciliation (already set up) has yet to gain momentum, and its mandate is overly broad, said Guichaoua. Further, several communities, including the Bella and those represented byCOREN (a northern Malian group calling for unity amid rebellion) do not recognize it.

One risk is that, once elected, no politician will want to adopt a transformative agenda that might destabilize their hold on power, he said.

The general feeling among many southern Malians is that they are tired of Tuareg rebellions, and have little appetite for further reconciliation moves, said University of Ghent history lecturer Baz Lecocq.

Mali has rarely done truth and reconciliation well, so there is a dearth of models to draw on. One successful attempt discussed at a gathering of Mali experts at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London last week was in 1996 in Bourem in the Gao Region, where leaders from various communities joined forces to put an end to mutual distrust and violence. There are few present-day examples, though some community-level dialogue is going on in Burkina Faso’s refugee camps, according to one analyst. “But just because there is no clear bottom-up approach at present, does not mean there should be a top-down one,” said Guichaoua, “It is unlikely to reap long-term dividends.”

Legitimacy

Election supporters say elections are the only way to restore some sort of legitimacy for Mali. “Elections will not solve everything… but not having a democratic process will not make it any easier,” said Chatham House’s Melly.

Elected officials have long struggled with legitimacy in Mali – both in the south and the north, where only 40 percent of the electorate on average turns out to vote, said Gregory Mann, lecturer in African studies at Columbia University in a blog conversation with academics and Mali experts Bruce Whitehouse, Baz Lecocq and Bruce Hall. And this support for politicians grows weaker still when the state is unable to deliver basic services.

“We tend to think of this as a problem between Bamako and Kidal… but what seems much more problematic for the future is the fact that the health service collapsed, that the state completely delegitimized itself, and its infrastructure was destroyed in 2012,” said Bruce Hall, who lectures on African history at Duke University in the USA.

International diplomats and local authorities should be wary of partial credibility, said Guichaoua. “Either you are legitimate or you are not… What if a candidate who has lost, tries to inflame the situation and argue elections have been manipulated or rigged. You need something serious if you don’t want to pay the price afterward.

“Veneration for elections on the part of the international community has led to failures in the past… [he mentioned the Democratic Republic of Congo] “Why not wait a bit?… “We faced a pretty dramatic crisis over the past 15 months, and this could have been an eye-opening experience. If we let things go on as usual, what will the next crisis be?”

Logistics

Putting questions of security and sustainable peace aside, no one can agree if it is even feasible to hold elections in July. It is not an ideal month, given the start of the Ramadan fast, and the rains which will prevent many rural voters from participating – something that could lead northern pastoralists not to see the elections as legitimate. “Even under the best of circumstances, July is a terrible time for elections in Mali,” said Baz Lecocq.

Much of the voting in villages in the north takes place through mobile voting booths, which would probably be blocked by the rains. “If you want low voter turnout, organize elections in July,” he said, noting that July elections in the past have led to low voter turnout.

Figuring out a way to enable the 174,129 refugees in Burkina Faso, Niger and Mauritania to vote is crucial, said Guichaoua, not to mention the many unregistered refugees who are getting by in capital cities such as Ouagadougou, Niamey and Nouakchott. “How do you identify these people?” he asked.

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) will allow the Malian authorities to conduct voter registration in the camps on a voluntary basis, it said in a communiqué.

Youssouf Kampo, a member of the national independent election commission, is optimistic: “We are in full preparation… Materials are already in place, except in some parts of Timbuktu and Gao, where they were destroyed. Voting booths, ballot boxes, ink and others things are all in place. I believe we will succeed in time.”

Gal Siaka Sangaré, a member of the government’s General Office on Elections (DGE), told IRIN they are making progress towards biometric voter registration despite some technical glitches. “We have to respect the 28 July date and pray to God that it all works out,” he said.

aj/ob/cb source http://www.irinnews.org

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In 2001 just 73,000 Burkinabés could access clean water, according to research by Peter Newborne at the Overseas Development Institute,

Posted by African Press International on May 18, 2013

OUAGADOUGOU,  – Earlier this year Denis Ouedraogo, a tailor living in the Tampouy neighbourhood just north of Burkina Faso’s capital Ouagadougou, connected his mud-walled home to the water network for the first time. “Even without electricity, having enough water can make you happy,” he said.

He is among 1.9 million people to have connected to the government water grid since 2001, thanks to major changes in how the National Office for Water and Sanitation (ONEA) delivers water to urban Burkinabés.

In 2001 just 73,000 Burkinabés could access clean water, according to research by Peter Newborne at the Overseas Development Institute, which is trying to track and communicate examples of progress on development.

In 2002 just half of Burkina Faso residents had access to clean water. In 2008 (the latest statistics available) this had risen to 76 percent – 95 percent in urban areas. The plan was to reach the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to double the number of those with access to clean water, in this case to 87 percent, by 2015. Those tracking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) progress in Burkina Faso, say the goal will be surpassed.

How?

A number of factors made this possible: ONEA was nationalized and restructured in 1994 following a period in which it had become unprofitable and poorly functioning. The new national company ran along commercial lines, instilling a culture of performance and efficiency, said Newborne.

The second priority was to find a bulk water supply, in this case by building the Ziga dam 45km from the capital.

A mixture of government grant funds (from France and other European donors) and concessionary loans at low interest rates (predominantly from the World Bank), provided the required finances. This helped them bring costs down: for instance, connecting to the grid now costs a household US$61, down from on average $400 in the 1990s, according to ONEA’s chief operating officer, Moumouni Sawadogo.

Next came the work: building a network of pipes throughout Ouagadougou, including in the city’s unzoned [unplanned] suburbs, which house one third of the capital’s residents and had hitherto been overlooked in terms of household water supply.

“Even in non-zoned areas, people can pay their water bills,” said Halidou Kouanda, head of NGO Wateraid in Burkina Faso, citing a 2011 ONEA study noting that financial recovery rates in unzoned neighbourhoods were 95 percent.

Now, with a steady income and an 18 percent leakage rate, ONEA is one of the best-performing water utility companies in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the World Bank.

Targeting the poor

While targeting unzoned areas upped the percentage of urban dwellers who could access clean water (thus helping to meet the MDG), it did not ensure that water was affordable.

Now ONEA needs to try to target the poor, as it pledged to do in an initial equity strategy agreed with the Ministry of Water and Sanitation.

As part of its strategy, ONEA built 17,290 wells and standpipes for some areas without household-level connections. Water from a standpipe costs 60 CFA (11 US cents) for a 220 litre barrel (transported on wheels). But the very poor cannot afford such barrels, turning instead to water vendors who sell the same amount for 200-500 CFA (40-98 cents) depending on the season.

Thus paradoxically, the poorest families pay up to eight times more than others for their water.

ODI is discussing different pro-poor targeting methods that might work, including: subsidizing part of the water supply for certain households; targeting poor areas; allocation by housing type; means-testing; community-based targeting; or self-targeting.

At the moment, all households are charged the same connection tariff. “Is this equitable? We think not,” said Newborne. “You could means-test it; you could waive the connection charge for some; or charge the first X cubic metres at a different rate,” he suggested, adding that lower-income households could pay bills weekly or on a pay-as-you-go basis, to keep track of costs. “Think of how mobile phone companies have fixed their pricing plans to be accessible,” he said. 

The concern is that households who experience running water for the first time may use more than they can afford, then falling behind and drop off the grid, said WaterAid’s Kouanda. This happened to 6.8 percent of Ouagadougou’s ONEA customers in 2009.

Families must be made aware of this risk, said Kouanda. But many customers are so nervous of this happening, that they practice their own careful monitoring.

Ami Sidibé, who lives in Somgandé neighbourhood, which was connected to the water mains three months ago, said she continues to fill jerry cans – using tap water – to monitor her household’s use. “I’ll do anything to avoid returning to the situation before,” she told IRIN.

Reduced disease risk?

No studies have yet been published linking the spread of the water network with the incidence of disease, but some Somgandé residents who were recently connected to the grid said their children were falling sick less frequently. Water-borne illnesses are among the top five reasons for children’ health visits, according to the Health Ministry.

Future challenges will include how to extend such networks to rural areas, which are currently under-serviced in terms of clean water: 72 percent of rural Burkinabés access clean water, versus 95 percent of city residents.

The local authorities are responsible for rural water supply under Burkina Faso’s decentralized governance system.

According to a just-published report Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water 2013 Update by UNICEF and the World Health Organization, striking disparities remain between rural and urban water access, with rural communities making up 83 percent of the global population without access to an improved water source.

bo/aj/cb source http://www.irinnews.org

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