African Press International (API)

"Daily Online News Channel".

(ICC under pressure to convict leaders to justify their budget – API) Two landmark rulings made weeks before Ruto, Sang ICC verdict

Posted by African Press International on March 28, 2016

By MAUREEN KAKAH

In Summary

Trial Chamber judges Chile Eboe-Osuji, Robert Fremr and Olga Carbuccia will rule on April 5 on the no-case-to-answer Motion filed by Mr Ruto and Mr Sang.

On March 21, former Democratic Republic of Congo vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba, 53, was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the ICC.

The judges ruled that Bemba’s MLC troops were involved in raping civilians at gunpoint and pillaging throughout the Congo.

A UN tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) sentenced the Serbian leader in Bosnia during the 1990’s civil war to 40 years in jail.

The International Criminal Court is next Tuesday set to deliver a landmark ruling on Kenya’s Deputy President William Ruto and former radio presenter Joshua Sang, a fortnight after it found two leaders guilty of crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Trial Chamber judges Chile Eboe-Osuji, Robert Fremr and Olga Carbuccia will rule on April 5 on the no-case-to-answer Motion filed by Mr Ruto and Mr Sang.

Just last week, on March 21, former Democratic Republic of Congo vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba, 53, was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the ICC.

A three-judge bench comprising Justices Joyce Aluoch, Sylvia Steiner and Kuniko Ozaki also found the politician and warlord guilty of rape, among other crimes, against civilians during the 2002/2003 civil war in the DRC.

Three days after the landmark ruling, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) sentenced the Serbian leader in Bosnia during the 1990’s civil war to 40 years in jail after finding him guilty of 10 out of 11 charges of crimes against humanity, genocide and violations of the laws of war.

The tribunal first pronounced Radovan Karadzic guilty in 1995 but he was only arrested 13 years later while living in hiding. His trial began in 2009.

•Karadzic gets 40 years for killings
•DR Congo ex-leader guilty of war crimes: ICC
•ICC to rule on Ruto, Sang case on April 5
•ICC decision to alter political landscape

BEMBA’S CASE

As the leader of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), Bemba was found criminally responsible on two counts of crimes against humanity, including murder and rape, and three counts of war crimes, namely murder, rape and pillaging.

The judges ruled that Bemba’s MLC troops were involved in raping civilians at gunpoint and pillaging throughout the Congo.

Bemba, who now awaits sentencing, became his country’s second-in-command in 2002 following the signing of a war-ending agreement.

He sought to be head of state in 2006 but lost both in the General Election and a court petition challenging the results declared President Joseph Kabila the winner.

Bemba was handed over to the court, which is based in The Hague city in the Netherlands, following his arrest in Belgium in 2008.

The charges against him were confirmed in January 2009, with the trial starting in November 2010.

In 2013, the ICC accused him of tampering with witnesses in a case whose verdict is yet to be delivered.

Bemba’s case was the first at the ICC to focus on sexual violence as a weapon of war, as well as to find a military commander culpable for atrocities carried out by his forces even though he did not order them. He was to face charges together with former president Ange-Felix Patasse but the latter died in 2011.

“Horrific lists of multiple rapes against men, women and children by the MLC with their family members forced to watch at gunpoint justified the gravity of crime,” ruled the judges.

KARADZIC’S CASE

The UN tribunal indicted Karadzic on two counts of genocide, five counts of crimes against humanity and four counts of violations of the laws of war while he served as president of the Bosnian Serb Republic from 1992 to 1996.

Delivering the judgment after an almost five-year trial and seven years in custody in The Hague, presiding judge O-Gon Kwon ruled that Karadzic bore responsibility for crimes including murder, extermination and violence.

Mr Ruto and Mr Sang face crimes against humanity charges over the 2007/2008 post-election violence in which 1,133 people were killed and more than 650,000 displaced. Mr Ruto will not be present in court because he will be in charge of the country while President Uhuru Kenyatta will be in France.

End
Nation news Kenya

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: