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Archive for May 20th, 2013

Marrying a white man to elevate status is risky: Swedish man wants his Kenyan ex-wife deported from Sweden without their baby

Posted by African Press International on May 20, 2013

Many Kenyan woman, and women from other African countries seem to think marrying a white man is heaven. Most of them end up in misery when the white men take them  to their European countries.

He insists that the baby must remain in Sweden and the baby’s Kenyan mother should be deported. He will take good care of the baby in Sweden, adding that the woman has been very cruel to him during their short-term relationship. He now blames the woman of being a gold digger who only wanted to use him to elevate her life by tricking him by getting pregnant.

A Kenyan women who left her village, and moved to theMombasa where most money-seeking women trick white men who are on holiday into sexual acts in their efforts to enrich themselves. While in Mombasa, she met a Swedish man and courtship  began. On discovering she was pregnant they decided to get married. After marriage, the two moved to Sweden because the white man’s permit to stay in Kenya was no longer valid.

While in Sweden, it did not take long before their new-found relationship was cut short. They started fighting one another and their relationship has now broken down. The woman, together with the child, is now being  housed at the Swedish crisis center for battered women. The man has now used his connections and wants the woman deported without the baby.

The woman’s father in Kenya who gave them the go ahead to have the relationship and also the go ahead to leave Kenya for supposed greener pastures in Sweden is now a very worried man.

He says he wants the daughter to be accorded her rights. This is, however, difficult if the marriage has not lasted for 3 years. It is a well-known fact that some women, on arriving in western capitals with their white men from Africa, they begin to be stubborn and want out to enjoy the freedom they see being enjoyed by the white women. This causes problems in the relationship. Some of the women do this intentionally because they want to leave the white man and enjoy the social welfare from the state alone as a single mother.

Those without any child have a hard time to leave the man, so most of them do the best they can to get pregnant with the white man as soon as possible trapping him well, so that if not deported with or without the child, they are accorded the social rights that will enable them to live on state welfare – tax-payers hard-earned money for free while they masquerade around at night looking for rich men who want sex with loose African women. Some choose to go into prostitution in order to supplement their income and to retain the status they had before the marriage broke down.

This is a shame for Africa!

In Norway, the same happens to many African women who are married to whites. They are later dropped if they question the white men on how they are treated, sometimes equal to slavery, and especially if the women want the liberties enjoyed by the Norwegian white women. They also get problems if the white men do not want them to meet other Africans living in the country.

If the break-up in the relationship takes place before it has not lasted over 3 years deportation will easily take place and the white men know this very well. There is also a rule that the woman can be allowed to stay in the country if proven that the man has been mishandling the woman. This, however, is always not easy to prove and the men get their ex-spouses deported easily.


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There is Insecurity in Northeastern Kenya – Who should take the blame?

Posted by African Press International on May 20, 2013

GARISSA-NAIROBI,  – The presence of foreign militias in parts of northeastern Kenya, and their collusion with security officials and business people there, may be to blame for a rise in insecurity in the region, where multiple gun and grenade attacks have been reported over the past two years. 

But securing northern Kenya is increasingly vital to the government, with the badlands growing in economic viability, the new constitution shifting power to the counties, and mega development projects being planned in the region.In October 2011, Kenyan troops launched an intervention into Somalia in pursuit of the Somali insurgent Al-Shabab militia, which it blamed for incursions into Kenya. Since then, dozens of people, including security officers, have been killed in attacks, mainly in the northeastern town of Garissa and the mainly-Somali Dadaab refugee camp.

To address this, a number of security operations have been launched, involving the deployment of hundreds of police and military officers, arrests and curfews, as well the cessation of the registration of new Somali refugees amid fears of Al-Shabab infiltration.

The most recent security operation in Garissa led to hundreds of arrests. “Ten police officers, among them the head of crime investigations [and] six local [administration] chiefs, have been suspended,” Charles Mureithi, the northeastern regional police chief, told IRIN, adding, “More arrests are on the way, and, of course, convictions.”

The police officers and chiefs were said to be operating in league with the criminals, a view shared by a Garissa political leader, who spoke with IRIN on the condition of anonymity.

“The monster responsible for all the sufferings we have experienced is… a club of wealthy traders from the Far East, Somalia [and] Kenya [as well as] politicians, our security officers and at least two sects of Al-Shabab,” said the Garissa leader.

Who is to blame for the rising insecurity?

An Al-Shabab-linked militia group has been blamed for some of the attacks in Garissa.

“They only strike with an objective [of] fight[ing] other religions,” said Maulid*, a Garissa resident. “In Garissa, they worship in two mosques, same [as] in Nairobi. They consider us as infidels.”

Churches in Garissa have been among the buildings targeted by grenade attacks.

An Islamic religious leader, who preferred anonymity, called for the arrest of Al-Shabab-linked leaders and the seizure of their properties. “We want to see traders who paid gangs of criminals to kill arrested,” he said.

According to Ahmed Yasin, a political science graduate from Somalia, the Al-Shabab-linked militias are retaliating against some prominent Kenyan Somalis’ support for the creation of an autonomous region of Jubaland in southern Somalia – which could serve as a buffer zone between the two countries – and against their support for the Ras Kamboni militia.

In September 2012, the Ras Kamboni militia, alongside Kenyan troops, forced Al-Shabab out of the lucrative port city of Kismayo, which is a key economic and strategic resource for militias in southern Somalia. On 15 May, Ras Kamboni leader Sheikh Ahmed Madobe was announced as Jubaland’s president.

While Al-Shabab is bitter at losing Kismayo, Yasin said, it also opposes the creation of a buffer zone, which would protect Kenya from Al-Shabab incursions.

“Political leaders, elders and clerics must abandon support for [the] Ras Kamboni militia group… They must be wise [and] restrain from Somalia politics… and let their people enjoy peace,” warned Yasin.

What has been the fallout of the insecurity?

A security operation to pacify the region has led to dozens of arrests; those found without legal identification documents were netted. Rights groups, however, are critical of these sweeping operations.

Some Kenyan youths in Garissa are wrongfully being arrested as they lack identity cards, said Abdiwelli Mohamed of the local organization Citizens Rights Watch. The process of acquiring identification documents is often fraught with challenges, including long delays in the often-neglected northern region.

According to Khalif Abdi Farah of the Garissa Northern Forum for Democracy, a civil society organization, dozens of people have also been injured, with others being illegally arrested in the crackdown.

The police denied claims of arbitrary arrests, a view shared by Haji*, a Garissa resident and retailer. “It’s true [that] the police conducted house-to-house searches [and] stopped people on the streets. They checked identity cards and counter-checked with a list they were carrying. It’s clear [that] they are looking for particular individuals,” he said.

Besides a rising death toll and a large number of people injured in attacks over the past two years, the insecurity has had adverse socio-economic effects. Garissa businesses have been hit hard.

A night club and guest house owner in Garissa said his business has suffered due to the curfew. “I only have an hour to operate. [I] open the pub at 5pm and close by 6pm.”

Fear has also affected his business: “My guest house clients, [who] were mainly travellers either heading to Wajir, Mandera or Nairobi, these days no longer spend a night in Garissa for fear of arrest or attack,” he said.

Proceeds from the once-booming Garissa livestock market are declining too, said a revenue officer, noting that livestock traders are afraid of arrest. Asset and property values have also dropped significantly since December 2012, with fewer people opting to live or invest in Garissa. 

Why is securing northern Kenya vital?

Securing Garissa and other northern Kenya regions has become a priority for the government, particularly amid the country’s newly devolved governance structure, lucrative cross-border development plans and the north’s growing economic viability.

Devolution, a centrepiece of Kenya’s 2010 constitution, will allocate more resources to the county governments, a move that is expected to reduce the marginalization of outer areas like northern Kenya.

Kenya is also seeking to develop closer ties with its neighbours in the north, mainly Ethiopia, Sudan and South Sudan, amid planned mega development projects, such as the Lamu Port and Southern Sudan-Ethiopia Transport Corridor (LAPSSET), which will link the Horn of Africa region.

“Previously peripheral areas to the north and east will assume a new economic, and so political, significance,” states a 2 May analysis by Oxford Analytica, a global analysis and advisory firm, which notes that development had previously been concentrated in the central belt stretching from Nairobi to the Ugandan border.

Kenya also expects to get relief from its current electricity shortages by 2016 thorough the Eastern Electricity Highway Project, which will connect Kenya’s electrical grid to Ethiopia’s, adds the analysis. “Protecting this supply will require: greater security in border areas; more careful management of local conflicts between communities in border areas to prevent escalation into disputes between the two states; and continued friendly relations between Nairobi and Addis Ababa.”

Recent oil discoveries in northwest Kenya, and ongoing exploration in other regions, such as near Lamu, “ further underline the importance of once-peripheral areas of the country to future economic development,” added the analysis.

What challenges lie ahead?

“Nairobi’s incentive to extend state authority to historically neglected regions will grow, but not without facing significant challenges,” said a 14 May Oxford Analytica analysis.

The northern Kenya regions are characterized by widespread insecurity. Inter-communal violence and the proliferation of small arms are common, the state is largely absent, and the borders are mostly porous.

For example, there are currently inter-clan clashes in Mandera, which neighbours Garissa, with several people being reported dead and at least 6,600 displaced, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society.

In response, security in Mandera has been beefed up and residents have been urged to surrender illegal firearms.

Forceful disarmament is likely there, as similar moves have occurred elsewhere in the north. But this only further alienates residents who blame insecurity on the inadequate state presence.

“While such events appear familiar and of little wider significance, the new geography of Kenya’s development plan – including energy, transportation, hydrocarbons – alters the political considerations of centre-periphery relations and increases the relevance of long-standing insecurity and distrust,” Oxford Analytica’s 14 May analysis said.

“If an historical state reliance on coercion continues, rising insecurity in northern and coastal areas creates some risks for smoother longer-term economic development,” it noted.

Kenya After the Elections, a 15 May policy briefing by the International Crisis Group (ICG), warns that devolution may not “be a ‘magic bullet’ that will allow the country to correct historical patterns of neglect, and redress regional marginalization and inequitable development… There are concerns devolution could ultimately balkanize counties, creating ‘ethnic fiefdoms’.”

The briefing urges county governments to be inclusive of minority interests to address inequality.

“The new government has the opportunity to usher in a new era of peace and socioeconomic development that would benefit all communities and unite the country. The foundation has been laid with the overwhelming support the constitution received in 2010, a base that should be maintained and built upon for a peaceful and prosperous future.”

*Name changed

aw-na/rz  source

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astoralism is often regarded as an antiquated practice ill-suited to the modern econom

Posted by African Press International on May 20, 2013

Experts say a ‘total economic valuation’ is needed to fully appreciate pastoralists’ contribution to national economies

NAIROBI,  – Pastoralism is often regarded as an antiquated practice ill-suited to the modern economy, yet trade between pastoral communities in Africa – much of it informal and illegal – generates an estimated US$1 billion each year, according to a new book published by the Futures Agriculture Consortium.

“If we shift our gaze from the capital cities, where the development and policy elite congregate, to the regional centers and their hinterlands where pastoralists live, then a very different perspective emerges. Here we see the growth of a booming livestock export trade, the flourishing of the private sector, the expansion of towns with the inflow of investment, and the emergence of a class of entrepreneurs commanding a profitable market, and generating employment and other business opportunities; and all of this driven without a reliance on external development aid,” said the authors of the study.

Pastoralism contributes between 10 and 44 percent of the GDP of African countries. An estimated 1.3 billion people benefit from livestock value chain, according to the International Livestock Research Institute.

“Pastoralism contributes to the livelihoods of millions of people across Africa, in some of the poorest and most deprived areas. It is a critical source of economic activity in dryland areas, where other forms of agriculture are impossible,” Ian Scoones, from the Institute of Development Studies, told IRIN.

Ced Hesse, a researcher at the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), told IRIN that in East Africa alone, “pastoralism directly supports an estimated 20 million people” and produces “80 percent of the total annual milk supply in Ethiopia, provides 90 percent of the meat consumed in East Africa, and contributes 19 percent, 13 percent and 8 percent of GDP in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda, respectively”.

“Not all those in pastoralist areas can be involved directly in the growing, vibrant livestock trade that feeds the burgeoning cities across Africa”

He continued, “This is an enormous contribution to the regional economy, but often is unrecognized.”


IIED’s Hesse explains why little attention is paid to pastoralists’ contributions: “The benefits that pastoralism brings are invisible to most governments because the methodologies they use for assessing economic activity and growth, the most popular being GDP, are not adapted to pastoralism.”

“A ‘total economic valuation’ framework is needed. When Intergovernmental Authority on Development, IGAD, used this methodology to calculate the contribution of livestock to the Kenyan economy, they found livestock’s contribution to agricultural GDP is about two and half times greater than official estimates,” Hesse said.

“Kenya’s livestock were under appreciated and no attempt to enumerate it had been made for decades,” the IGAD report said.

Experts like Scoones say the rapid urbanization in Africa will continue to provide increased market opportunities for pastoralists. Not all will benefit from the direct sale of livestock, but there are opportunities for diversification.

“There are spin-off benefits from such trade, including opportunities for engaging in diversified activities, including processing animal products, providing transport, fodder and marketing support, and offering services in the growing small towns in pastoral areas,” said Scoones.

“Not all those in pastoralist areas can be involved directly in the growing, vibrant livestock trade that feeds the burgeoning cities across Africa,” Scoones added.

Bad press

Yet other than reports of pastoralists suffering from poverty and climate-related shocks, pastoralism receives little attention from national governments or the media.

Of the reporting that does exist, much is negative, according to Media perceptions and portrayals of Pastoralists in Kenya, India and China, an April 2013 IIED report.

Pastoralists are seen by many as the drivers of conflict rather than victims it

In Kenya for instance, 93 percent of news articles on pastoralist analyzed by the authors were about drought and conflict. Fifty-one percent of articles mentioning conflict presented pastoralist as the cause of the problems rather than the victims of conflict.

In India, on the other hand, 60 percent of articles reviewed portrayed pastoralists as victims “who have lost access to grazing land because of the growth of industrial agriculture, the dominance of more powerful social groups, and limits to grazing in forested land, among others.”

The bad press has generated calls for pastoralist communities to change their lifestyles.

Media reports also fail to mention the environmental benefits of pastoralism, which can contribute to biodiversity conservation, and the role it plays in making food systems resilient by, for example, preventing overreliance on drought- and flood-vulnerable crops.

“The media tends to portray pastoralists as a source of problem or as lost causes, yet most media articles about pastoralists do not even quote the pastoralists themselves. The media portrayals paint a partial picture, one that rarely mentions the important economic and environmental benefits of pastoralism, or the way that herder mobility helps increase the resilience of food systems in a changing climate, so that even distant consumers in cities benefit,” Mike Shanahan, communication specialist and author of the study, told IRIN.

Minorities Rights Group International observed in its 2012 State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples report that pastoralists are being forced to abandon their livelihoods by national governments. Experts see an increase in the phenomenon of land grabs, in which pastoralists and minority groups are driven out of their lands to pave the way for development projects considered more “viable”, such as large-scale irrigation projects.

Some experts, like IIED’s Hesse, say there is a case for modernizing pastoralism – not in the “sense of settling them or turning them into ranchers”, but by focusing on the “logic of pastoralism’s production strategies that allow it to produce the benefits in arid and semi-arid environments characterized by rainfall variability.”

ko/rz source

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