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Archive for February, 2013

The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons conference in Norway on the 2-3 of March 2013

Posted by African Press International on February 28, 2013

The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) is a global campaign coalition working to mobilize people in all countries to inspire, persuade and pressure their governments to initiate and support negotiations for a treaty banning nuclear weapons. The organization calls on states, international organizations, civil society organizations and other actors to:

  • Acknowledge that any use of nuclear weapons would cause catastrophic humanitarian and environmental harm.
  • Acknowledge that there is a universal humanitarian imperative to ban nuclear weapons, even for states that do not possess them.
  • Acknowledge that the nuclear-armed states have an obligation to eliminate their nuclear weapons completely.
  • Take immediate action to support a multilateral process of negotiations for a treaty banning nuclear weapons.

The campaign brings together humanitarian, environmental, human rights, peace and development organizations in more than 60 countries to seize the historic opportunity that exists to outlaw and eliminate nuclear weapons. Prominent individuals such as anti-apartheid leader Desmond Tutu, the Dalai Lama, Yoko Ono and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jody Williams have lent their support to the campaign.

The ICAN Civil Society Forum will gather campaigners and international leading experts to discuss the future of the anti- nuclear movement in Oslo, Norway on the 2nd and 3rd of March 2013.

Norwegian State Secretary, Gry Larsen will attend the event as well as Award-winning actor Martin Sheen, who will be interviewed by Sven Tore Bergstuen (Saturday, March 2, 20:30) on the importance and urgency of a ban on nuclear weapons.

Amelia Showalter, Campaign Director for Obama for America, Director and Dr Rianne Teulle, from Greenpeace International will discuss campaigning techniques and strategies.

Cardinal Onaiyekan, Archbishop of Abuja – one of the African cardinals who will attend the upcoming conclave – will talk about the moral imperative to ban nuclear weapons.

Patricia Lewis, Research Director, International Security at Chatham House and Ward Wilson, author of the recently published ” Five Myths about Nuclear Weapons“, described by the New York times as a “roundabout and insistently counterintuitive argument for nuclear disarmament”, will also participate alongside other speakers.

The ICAN Civil Society Forum  will gather more than 400 campaigners coming from 60 countries in Oslo, Norway to discuss with leading experts the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and align strategies to achieve the beginning of negotiations for a ban on nuclear weapons.

ICAN and Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) are organizing a joint press event tomorrow Friday 1. March ( Norsk Folkehjelp, Storgata 33A ) with Ward Wilson, author of the book “Five Myths About Nuclear Weapons” who will be answering questions. This event takes place a day before the start of the conference.


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Kenya: Top leaders in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs arrested and will are to face criminal charges

Posted by African Press International on February 28, 2013

Top leaders in the ministry of foreign affairs in Kenya are to face charges for misuse of office and colluding to defraud the government by stealing money meant for the purchase of embassy building in Tokyo

Kenya anticorruption has finally started to bite and many others will be arrested and charged with corruption.


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Hope for Mali’s Gao residents

Posted by African Press International on February 28, 2013

This Gao family has been displaced in Mopti for six months but is considering returning (file photo)

GAO/BAMAKO/DAKAR,  – Since military intervention began over a month ago in northern Mali, the city of Gao has been cut off from major markets, leading to shortages of basic goods, skyrocketing food prices and a reliance on the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to provide water and electricity. Two days ago the road from central Mali’s Mopti reopened, giving hope to residents that the situation might ease.

“Almost as important as the people returning is the fact that north-south trade can restart,” said Abba Haidara, a Gao inhabitant. “We are depending on goods coming in from Bamako, Sikasso and Ségou. Living here now is unaffordable.”

Gao resident Attahar Maïga* told IRIN: “We are starting to suffocate. There’s nothing to eat… All trade has shut down… I am wondering what we will do when our stores are empty.”

Over the last month food prices- already high in Gao – skyrocketed further, with a kilogram of rice costing as much as $2 – up from 60 US cents; and sugar – a diet staple – costing $1.50 per kilo.

Despite the road opening up, most of the shops that were run by Arabs or Tuaregs remain shut, since most of the Arabs and Tuaregs fled town fearing arrest or beatings by Malian forces.

Fear and suspicion remain high following two suicide-bomber attacks on a checkpoint on the road into Gao from Bourem, a town to the north, and a surprise raid in Gao by insurgents. Gao residents said they knew rebels were still hiding among them in abandoned houses.

“After nine months of Islamist rule, Gao has as many enemies as it has inhabitants,” said Boubacar Cissé, a doctor at the regional hospital.

Children had learned to cooperate with Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) commanders who controlled Gao for 10 months, and some of the local youth were frequently spotted among turbaned fighters.

Gao’s river port and the road along the river used to be bustling with traders, but now “the market has almost completely shut down – there is nothing,” resident Adiza Maïga told IRIN. He has a small herd of animals which he has killed one by one each week to feed his family, as they have no cereal stocks left.

Meat prices have risen from US$1.40 for a good cut to $2, according to local trader Mohammed Maïga, as farmers from nearby villages have been unable to bring their cattle to Gao’s market. Traders hope the opening of the road will change that.

Attahar Maïga, head of the ICRC sub-delegation in Gao, told IRIN: “The situation had paralysed the economy. People were panicking.”

The World Food Programme brought a truck-load of food supplies to Gao last week, but renewed violence led it to pull back again.

ICRC help

ICRC has been trying to boost the local economy by buying cattle, vegetables, rice and beans from local breeders and farmers, and distributing the food and animals to the poor. The money earned can be used to buy food or seeds for planting. “We’re trying to take the pressure off people, at least for the moment,” said Maïga.

State officials are gradually returning to their old posts, with the governor, mayor, and a few regional service directors in place.

But the authorities are still relying on the ICRC to supply Gao’s water and electricity, as it has been for the past 10 months. As soon as state services are back in place, they will withdraw, said ICRC delegate Amadou Fadiga.

Abdraman Cissé, president of the water and electricity commission in Gao, asked that each household pay 1500 CFA ($3) a month for water and electricity, but he told IRIN: “People are refusing to pay, saying it was free under MUJAO; MUJAO had dirty money from kidnappings and drugs,” he told IRIN. “I think we need to contribute to the goodwill of the ICRC to at least provide a minimum service.”

ICRC has also been running the hospital in Gao for the past 10 months, which it says functions at 90 percent capacity, though it lacks key specialists.

MSF preparing to treat returnees

NGO Médecins Sans Frontières, helps run health clinics in Wabaria and Sossokoira in and near Gao, but had to temporarily suspend work elsewhere due to security concerns including over landmines.

Now that the road has opened up, the organization is preparing to help treat the returnees, having collected lists of names of patients displaced in Sevaré, Mopti and Bamako.

Mariam Touré and her colleagues at Gao’s MSF clinic in Sossokoira see over 100 patients per day, most of them for diarrhoea, malnutrition, and malaria, for which drugs are running low. Doctors have seen a rise in skin diseases linked to water shortages, said Touré.

Foreign donors have released funds to Mali – the European Union unblocking $333 million in aid, and $29 million in humanitarian funds; France re-launching its bilateral development support; and the International Monetary Fund preparing a transitional economic plan. The UN appeal for $373 million remains just 3 percent funded.

A priority should be quick-impact programmes to restore water power and other basic services in the north, say analysts. This “would encourage people to see the practical benefit from the expulsion of the jihadists,” says Africa Confidential.

(None of the Maïgas mentioned in the piece are related).

kh/sd/aj/cb source


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Zimbabwe ban radios, as crack down on NGOs continue

Posted by African Press International on February 28, 2013

HARARE,  – Police in Zimbabwe have announced a ban on the possession of shortwave radio receivers, saying they are being used to communicate hate spee ch ahead of next month’s constitutional referendum and elections set to be held in July.

Wind-up, solar-powered radios sets have been distributed by some NGOs to rural communities, where villagers have established listening clubs to tune in to popular independent radio stations like Radio Voice of The People, Studio 7 and SW Radio Africa. The broadcasts are produced by exiled Zimbabwean journalists based in Europe and the US.

Zimbabwe has four state-controlled radio stations with a history of supporting President Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party. Two recently established independent radio stations are also perceived to be pro-ZANU-PF. There is demand among listeners, especially those supportive of the rival Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), for other viewpoints.

Ban criticized

In the last elections, in 2008, many rural constituencies with access to independent radio broadcasts voted for the MDC formations led by Professor Welshman Ncube and Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai.

The Media Alliance of Zimbabwe (MAZ) – a group comprising the Zimbabwe Union of Journalists, the Zimbabwe National Editors Forum, the Federation of African Media Women of Zimbabwe and other groups advocating for freedom of expression – has condemned the ban on radio receivers.

In a statement, MAZ noted that “owning and distributing radio receivers is not illegal and that confiscating them is a gross violation of citizens’ rights to receive and impart ideas and information without interference, as enshrined in Section 20 of the Constitution.”

Urging the police to reverse the ban, MAZ pointed out that it would deprive people of an important source of information ahead of two critical national events.

Crackdown on NGOs

In recent weeks, police have also been conducting a crackdown on NGOs and human rights groups, raiding offices, confiscating files and arresting employees.

Targeted organizations include Zimbabwe Human Rights, whose executive director was arrested, along with two other employees, on charges of “forging and manufacturing” counterfeit certificates of voter registration. They were later released on bail. Police also raided the offices of the Zimbabwe Peace Project, where they confiscated cell phones and hard drives.

Following the last elections, head of the Zimbabwe Peace Project, Jestina Mukoko, was kidnapped and tortured after it emerged that her organization had damning evidence on the use of rape and torture by security forces to intimidate Tsvangirai supporters.

The offices of the Zimbabwe Election Support Network, an NGO that campaigns for democratic elections, were also searched by police.

The Ministry of Home Affairs, responsible for the police, is headed by two co-ministers, one from ZANU-PF and the other from the MDC.

In a statement, Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights criticized the three-party inclusive government, for failing to prevent “a sustained and escalating assault on NGOs involved in civic education, human rights monitoring, public outreach and service provision – all of which are lawful endeavours.”

Violence continues

Although President Robert Mugabe has called for peaceful conduct during and after the referendum and national elections, violence continues to be reported across the country.

Over the weekend, a 12-year-old boy died after the shelter he was sleeping in was set on fire during skirmishes between ZANU-PF and MDC supporters in Manicaland, 200km east of the capital.

The house was petrol-bombed by people believing that the boy’s father, a candidate for Tsvangirai’s party in the up-coming elections, was sleeping inside.

dd/ks/rz source

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Flooding in Rwanda: Flash floods have affected hundreds of farming households

Posted by African Press International on February 28, 2013

A fifth of Rwandan households are vulnerable to flooding

KIGALI,  – Flash floods have affected hundreds of farming households in northern and western Rwanda, increasing the risk of food insecurity in those areas, officials say.

“Overall, the floods have affected around 11,346 people, especially in three districts of Rubavu, Musanze and Nyabihu, with several other marshland areas in the suburb areas of Kigali City [also affected],” Antoine Ruvebana, the permanent secretary in the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs, told IRIN.

The floods started in early February, the result of torrential rains that have also led to soil erosion in some hilly regions.

In one of the affected areas, along the banks of the Nyabugogo River, at least 35,000 tons of sugar cane – which could have produced 3,200 tons of sugar per year – were destroyed, according to Agnes Kalibata, an official with Rwanda’s ministry of agriculture. Ministry officials are currently assessing flood damage to paddy fields.

An estimated 85 percent of households in Rwanda cultivate land and rely on agriculture or livestock as their main, and often only, livelihood activity, according to Rwanda’s 2012 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis and Nutrition Survey.

But increasing demographic pressure has resulted in small, semi-subsistence, and increasingly fragmented farms with low returns for farmers. “Access to productive land is a problem. The smaller the plot they are cultivating, the more likely they are to have a low food consumption score,” adds the report.

Climate-related shocks are another challenge for farming households. “A fifth of Rwandan households are vulnerable to flooding, with those in the southern and western provinces more exposed,” the report says.


In response to the floods, the Rwandan government has temporarily relocated residents from high flood-risk areas. Some 230 kitchen gardens have been set up to help to meet the nutrition needs of those affected in Rubavu.

The Rwanda Red Cross Society has provided 600 farming families in Rubavu, Nyabihu and Musanze districts with non-food items, including blankets, mats, kitchen sets, soap and jerry cans. Some 16 public toilets have also been constructed in the district of Rubavu.

“We have advocated for support for the displaced [farmers] who are most vulnerable,” Angelique Murungi, the head of disaster management at the Rwanda Red Cross Society, told IRIN.

“There are currently sensitization campaigns being conducted in those affected districts with the support of Rwanda Red Cross volunteers who are based at the community level,”Murungi told IRIN. The campaigns, which are being carried out alongside the provision of humanitarian and technical assistance, advise households on how to manage disasters.

at/aw/rz source

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Black people are targets of the largest media driven psychological warfare campaign in history.

Posted by African Press International on February 27, 2013

  • By Franklin G. Jones

Although today most Black people do not experience white racism the way their parents experienced it, they do, however, still experience it. The white elite’s practices of implementing systems to protect its white dominance against its Black population were never truly abandoned. When the past, blatant methods used for meeting this racist objective had become morally and socially unacceptable, these practices were instead sophisticatedly reincarnated. Such practices where modified into a stealthier and more sophisticatedly designed method that provides a more sially acceptable method for maintaining white dominance. A contemporary system that is practiced by the global white elites that works on both conscious and unconscious levels. Throughout western history empires that maintain power have done so by manipulating the people that they are trying to conquer. They go out of their way to make sure that the people that they’re attempting to conquer are perpetually misled and manipulated. Therefore the conquered group’s perception of reality is not their own. It is shrewdly imposed upon t hem without them even knowing it. Currently this heinous tradition still continues in regards to many Black populations.

The U.S. media’s constant racially devaluing depictions and distorted portrayal of its Black population, that amplifies the negative to the point that it distorts reality, is actually part of a carefully crafted, deliberately designed Black debasing perception management program—a media driven mass manipulating ideological subversion program of wherein which Black populations are being made to see themselves through mortifyingly lens secretly assigned to them by white mass manipulation experts. This contemporary racist system uses the national media’s proven mass manipulating capabilities to adversely shape the collective perceptions of its black populations as a means of maintaining white dominance and control.

When comparing this modern racist system to those blatant types used in the past for preserving white dominance, one could make the comparison that the previous methods had a GED (General Educational Development) while this modern system has a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy). Today’s system is far more sophisticated than any racist system previously faced by African Americans. It is unlike the past blatant overt types that resulted in Black people unifying themselves against it.

The brilliance of this modern racist system is that it is no longer easily recognized or comprehended by most of its Black victims. It occurs in the space between obvious racism and non-racism. Its features include the ability to both engender self-hating feelings among its Black victims and create negative perceptions about them that fosters a national climate that is insensitive to their plight—both of which serves the objective of maintaining white dominance. Most of its Black victims have never heard of this method of asserting White racism, therefore many find it too difficult to envision. It is so well disguised that although many of its Black victims may instinctively feel that there is something wrong, they are however unable to sufficiently conceptualize it so that they can unify and defend themselves against it. It is so sophisticated that even the very brightest of its Black victims may have little, if any hope of extricating themselves from its detrimental effects. This program is deplored like a massive domestic media marketing campaign that disseminate–from trusted media sources—false Black racially devaluing propaganda that marginalizes the Black brand while exemplifying the white brand. It circulates Black demeaning propagandizing TV documentaries and fake news reports that are designed to frame the myth of Whites’ racial, moral, and intellectual superiority over its Black population. It also depicts the endemic problems of Black America as rooted primarily with Blacks themselves, instead of emanating from white preferential social inequalities. The daily assault of this black debasing perception management program upon the Black psyche is purposefully designed to adversely manipulate and shape the minds and collective consciousness of the targeted Black population.

This mass manipulating system produces internalized feelings of self-contemptuous responses within the targeted Black population that hinders their (Black) unity, upward mobility and manipulates them to accept white dominance over their lives. It also reinforces seemingly pre-conditioned responses of resentment and prejudicial images of Black people in the majority population, thereby creating a false impression of wanton Black criminality and violence. This creates conditioned responses in its population for eventualities to unfold against its targeted Black populous without opposition or resentment. The perceptions about African Americans have always been closely tied to their social strata in the United States. This social engineering scheme is deemed a necessity by America’s ruling white elites because although they professes upon the surface equality for all of their citizens, they are in fact unrelentingly committed towards the preservation of White dominance over its minority population. Throughout America’s history the white elites have used every conceivable means to defend and maintain their position of white dominance. This is especially true in regards to the U.S. Black population–the group furthest away from their racial type. When the past blatant methods used for maintaining white dominance became morally and socially unacceptable it was the logical progression and choice to use perception management programs.

Certainly this enormous disclosure may be very difficult for many to accept, since it directly contradicts many of our established beliefs. In order to recognize and accept this revelation Black people must reexamine some of their most basic beliefs and prior assumptions. More importantly they must overcome a psychologically ingrained “White is right” preferentiality that has been thoroughly indoctrinated upon the collective Black psyche by way of this very same perception management system. Many may even perceive this disclosure as being incredibly ridiculous. However, the term “perception management” is not new to the glossary of government language. It is a real and true proven system that uses the national media’s proven mass manipulating capabilities to provoke targeted populations to engage in the behavior that the government wants. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) describes the practice of perception management as a type of psychological operation intended to provoke the behavior you want out of a given individual or targeted group collectively. It involves the providing and or discarding of information to influence the emotions, motives, and objective reasoning of a targeted group in a way that is favorable to the originator of the information. DOD furthermore describes these programs as being deployed by the transmission of one-sided messages–which may or may not be factual as a form of communication to deliberately, and systematically shape perceptions, and direct behavior of targeted population to achieve responses that furthers the desired intent of the Government.

The implementation of perception management programs are commonly practiced by the U.S. Government. During the early 1980s it was used as a tool to manipulate post-Vietnam-War-era public opinion. The Reagan administration saw the “Vietnam Syndrome“-a reluctance to commit military forces abroad-as a strategic threat to its Cold War policies. This caused the administration to launch a perception management program to change the American public’s perception of foreign events, essentially by exaggerating foreign threats and by demonizing certain foreign leaders. This strategy has proven to be very successful. It is used against any foreign nation or foreign leader that is considered an adversary of the U.S. Government. It was used during the 80’s to stoke the fear of communism. It was used in more recent years against former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, and Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi. These foreign leaders were demonized through a perception management program that depicted them as being evil dictators in order to create the conditions for their removal from power and annihilation.

Perception management programs are often used by the U.S. Government to influence the perception and climate of the nation towards the attainment of its governmental objectives. Although the U.S. Department of Defense (D.O.D) specifically defines perception management programs as being originally perfected for military usages directed against foreign enemies and audiences, however critics of the D.O.D charge that these manipulative conditioning programs eventually made its way into domestic US politics as a tool to manipulate public opinion–and then evolved to the domestic control of society as a whole. According to a 1977 New York Times article written by Carl Bernstein from the beginning of the 1950’s and throughout the 1970’s the CIA had concentrated its relationships with journalists in the most prominent sectors of the American press corps. More than 800 news and public information organizations and individuals carried out assignments to manage the public’s perception of the CIA. This list included five of the largest newspaper in the country and broadcasting networks. By the mid-80s, CIA Director William Casey had turned the practice into a covert “public diplomacy” apparatus designed to sell governmental objectives. It often involved so-called “White propaganda”, stories secretly financed by the government. But they also went “black”, pushing false story lines.

The U.S. Government, like many other western governments, has acquired an extensive history of using perception management programs to manipulate public opinion and to influence the perceptions of targeted groups. This statement is further endorsed by a more recently published article within an edition of Rolling Stones magazine entitled “The Man Who Sold the War” by James Bamford. The article stated that John Rendon and his Rendon Group, the leader in strategic field of perception management, was awarded a 16 million contract from the Pentagon “to target Iraq and other adversaries with propaganda. The Rendon firm has had close ties with the US government ever since 1991, when the “CIA” hired the firm to help “create the conditions for the removal of Hussein from power. Perception management programs are important tools for gaining public support of a military operation against an enemy

The Rendon firm was very influential in creating the conditions necessary to justify the war in Iraq. The firm created a massive perception management program that promoted the belief that Hussein was responsible for the Twin Tower terrorist attacks, despite all the evidence to the contrary suggesting that no link existed. It also created the misperception that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction in order to greater justify the U.S. invasion of Iraq. The US government actively used perception management programs throughout the Iraq War. It was used throughout the entire operation in Iraq from the initial battle thru the so-called rebuilding of Iraq. During that war the US military dropped propaganda leaflets on Iraq and covertly planted favorable stories about the new Iraq in the Baghdad press. They did so by paying Iraqi newspapers to print stories written by US soldiers; these stories were geared towards enhancing the appearance of the US mission in Iraq. The U.S. Military also, under the cloak of merely removing all mentions of Saddam Hussein from the Iraq school’s educational curricula, in fact rewrote the curriculum to not only omit Saddam Hussein but to also depict a more favorable view of the U.S occupation of Iraq.

[Much of these same tactics were used by the Social Science scientists at the Tavistock Institute to get the United States into WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Serbia and both wars against Iraq. The Tavistock institute began as a propaganda creating and disseminating organization at Wellington House in London in the run-up to WWI. It has been referred to as being a “black hole of disinformation, a lie factory. The relevance of Tavistock Institute will be discussed in greater details later within this chapter.]

The U.S. Government’s practices of producing false news reports to influence the perception and climate of the nation towards the obtainment of its objectives is a very common practice. This practice of psychological warfare has been used for several decades. There are countless numbers of governmentally deployed perception management projects that are currently in operation. Today what are often deemed as being credible news stories are often totally made up perception management narratives made to form public opinions, control how people view political events, and push a governmental agenda. Moreover there are countless numbers of subjects and groups being targeted by these governmental programs. Given this fact, only the very ill-informed or very naive would believe that the U.S. Government would not use these same proven programs to meet its unrelenting objective of preserving its white dominance. The U.S. Government’s commitment towards the preservation of its white dominance and control should never be under estimated nor can it ever be overstated.

Presently America’s Black population is now victims of the most ostentatious perception management program in history. It is vital that we recognize that this disclosure is much more than a screwball conspiracy theory. The U.S. Government has a long history of using perception management programs to influence targeted groups. The methods used within these programs are remarkably consistent with the psychosocial treatment endure by America’s Black population. America’s Black population in fact endure the exact same media treatment as those groups being targeted by the U.S. government’s perception management programs–wherein which they are constantly mortifyingly villainies demoralized and by the U.S. media. America’s white elite’s unrelenting commitment towards the preservation of their white dominance and control necessitated that such a program be implemented against its Black population.

While many Blacks do realize that they’re being inaccurately negatively portrayed by white controlled media outlets, most however don’t recognize the intentional significance of these depictions. This mass manipulation system works upon the concept that the mind’s perceptions can be altered by controlling the information given to it. The white media’s constant negative depictions of its Black population are part of a massive perception management program of wherein which racist white ideology devaluing Blackness is being pumped into the collective minds of Black people without being challenged or counterbalanced by Black self-loving messages. Since information directly influences our thoughts then this process allows the controller of information to control our thoughts. Its constant deplorable depictions of Black people–that subjects them to seeing only the fraudulent worst in themselves- is deliberately designed to corrupts their sense of racial black unity and cohesion, mold the character of self-hatred, engender self-doubt, self-loathing, and distrust among their group; and insinuate that Blacks admire, respect, and trust only Whites.

These types of mass manipulation programs are very effective because irrespective of how smart a person may be any group having the same ideas bombarded into their head by sources they trust will come to accept these ideas. It is rather easy to control what people think by controlling the information given to them. This system is designed to adversely shape and distort the collective perceptions and consciousness of Black populations as a means maintaining white dominance. Its unrelenting daily assault of this perception management program upon the Black psyche also drills the message that Blacks are powerless, of lesser moral, and intelligence and that they need whites to govern over their lives. Some of the Black victims of this perception management program are so convince of these negative depictions of themselves that you cannot change their mind even if you expose them to information of the contrary. This program totally detaches African Americans from their sense of power and reality. Any group having the same ideas bombarded into their head by sources they trust will come to accept these ideas. This program utilizes the directive of “divide and conquer” and it not only manipulates Black people to accept white dominance over their lives, it conditions them to prefer it.

Are Black people really targets of a massive Brainwashing program?

For most African Americans, if presented with the question of are you brainwashed? Most would respond with the categorical answer of absolutely not! This is because when most people hear the term of Brainwashing, they usually think in terms of the classic “conspiracy theory” that refers to overt mind control programming. However, the practice of perception management programing is neither science fiction nor is it supernatural. Perception management programs are thoroughly well proven systems that use propaganda to adversely affect the collective perceptions of targeted populations. Moreover governments have been using these programs for decades. Perception management programs are commonly used methods of warfare that exceeds the traditional limits of conventional warfare. Therefore you shouldn’t be so hasty in dismissing the possibility of your own brainwashing because the controlling white elites commonly use perception management programs to manipulate public opinion. They’ve studied and used these programs for decades. It is a real governmental tool. Therefore, before dismissing the possibility of your own brainwashing, please allow me to ask you a few preliminary questions:

Do you believe that in the United States most violent crimes are committed by its Black population?

Do you think that the largest recipient of welfare or largest benefactors of affirmative actions are Black Americans?

Do you believe that most Black men prefer to marry outside of their race?

Do you believe that most whites score higher on IQ test than Blacks?

Do you believe that most Black people do not enjoy reading?

Do you believe that despite of having an unprecedented history to the contrary of collective unity, that Black people are now their own worst enemies?

Do you believe that Africans are incapable of properly governing themselves?

Do you believe that the white race, despite of having an unprecedented brutal history to the contrary, now possess higher moral characters and are less likely to engage in criminal behavior?

Well, if you answered “yes” to any of these questions, you probably are brainwashed! If you answered “yes” to more than one, then you certainly are brainwashed. Certainly you would reply, “Isn’t that what most people think?” Well, the answer to that is, yes. But, just because most people believe something to be true, doesn’t make it true. All it means is that you and the majority of those people around you are receiving the same fraudulent information—therefore are all being brainwashed. This mass brainwashing scheme is a significant factor for the deeply entrenched inaccurate self-hating sentiment now so commonly held by many African Americans. Self-contemptuous perceptions that is totally inconsistent with the facts.

One such example of these self-contemptuous misperceptions among many Blacks is the belief among themselves that they collectively, as race, do not enjoy reading. Many of us unfortunately share the unpleasant experience of hearing the racist derogatory saying that “if you want to hide something from a Black person all you have to do is merely hide it within a book”. It’s incredible that such a racist Black demeaning beliefs could now be held by many Blacks themselves. The belief that Blacks are lesser incline to read than that of whites is absolutely untrue. It is a lie contrived by the white controllers of misinformation. In fact Black readership within the U.S. has never before been higher than it is now. For never more than now have there existed more Black owned book stores; Black own publishing companies; or more published Black authors. Furthermore, Major Black owned publishing companies such as the Johnson publishing company has continued to sustain its position on the Forbes Fortune five hundred lists. It has done so for decades almost exclusively upon the backs of millions of Black readers—and even now despite being within a national recession. African American readership is so significant that the two major retail book store giants Borders and Barnes and Nobel have dedicated, within their thousands of stores, entire sections dedicated to their Black customers. Moreover, these companies both attributes a high portion of their annually earnings to the African American market. Therefore clearly Black people do read and often.

So, the questions then become, how did so many Blacks come to develop such a deeply entrenched negative misperceptions of their own race? How did so many get this way? How is it possibly coincidental that millions of Black people are all collectively sharing the same inaccurate degrading misperceptions of themselves and while at the same time more favorable of whites?

The entrenched collective negative misperceptions commonly held by so many African Americans are not the result of some strange enormous coincident. They are in fact deliberate designed outcomes. These negative misperceptions of themselves have been deliberately embedded upon the collective Black conscious by way of ideological subversion media driven Black debasing perception management programs.

The immense sophistication of this psychological warfare program requires a more simplified explanation of just how it is being used against African Americans. Therefore let us do so by providing such an example: Imagine that a crew of people was aboard their own massive ship, and that this ship was being followed by another neighboring ship. Not just any other neighboring ship, but one that was constantly broadcasting derogatory messages toward the first group. Such messages as that their ship was lesser, smaller, not seaworthy, perhaps slowly sinking or that their crew were incompetent and was planning a mutiny. With time, the group receiving these derogatory negative messages of themselves, being unable to refute or to confirm these deficiencies will grow weary and paranoid of each other. The taunted group will eventually even come to accept these negative assessments of themselves. The perception created by the taunting eventually unconsciously influences how the taunted group perceives themselves, subsequently causing them to become distrustful of themselves, doubting themselves, hating themselves and, eventually, fighting among themselves. The taunted group may even become so besieged by deep feelings of inadequacy that they may even jump into the sea and attempt to swim towards the taunting ship now believing it to be superior to their own ship even if their own ship was in fact better. This manipulation process utilizes the psychological directive that “perception becomes reality” to adversely affect the recipient group in terms of their behavior. No matter how capable the mind may be its reliability is only as great as the information being fed to it. In this way human-beings are very much like computers. All you have to do is repeatedly give them particular information and you can persuade an entire population towards an implied objective. It doesn’t matter if the information is true or not most will agree because they too have been given the same information. It is totally achievable to control what groups think by controlling the information given to them. Within a real life setting this mortifying psychosocial treatment is precisely what is being deliberately done to African Americans. Where of which they are being constantly bombarded and inundated by governmentally deployed false negative imageries of themselves—spread through totally white controlled media sources–that intentionally subjected them to seeing the fraudulently worst in themselves. These debasing depictions of Blacks are deliberately designed to break down the Black population’s sense of racial unity and allegiance, molds the character of self-hatred, and engenders self-doubt, self-loathing, and division among their group hence weakening their ranks. It also frames the myth of Whites’ racial, moral, and ethical superiority over its Black population. This applied negative depiction of the Black population is also being done to make their group look like they are part of a dangerous, mediocre and scary fringe. This process is known as “group character assassination. It fosters a consensual setting that facilitates Black mistreatment.

The disclosure that the U.S. government produces false news reports to influence the perception of targeted populations to meet its governmental objectives is entirely true. The way in which the program works in regards to targeting Black people is that government agents that specialize in psychiatry, propaganda, and social engineering analyzes and studies everything about the targeted Black population, their beliefs, likes, dislikes, strengths, and vulnerabilities. (Once you know these things and what motivates your target population, you are then ready to begin psychological operations against them.) This surveillance information about its black population is gathered, decisions are then made on which fraudulent stories to produce to best negatively define and engender certain psychological feelings among and about its Black population–that assist in maintaining white dominance. These fraudulent Black debasing stories and news reports about its Black population are then leaked to its collaborators in the news media, which either knowingly or unknowingly carry the stories as their own. These derogatory Black propaganda is then disseminated unrelentingly everywhere; it is deliberately perpetuated through news releases, in magazine articles, radio, television, press releases, documentaries, and false census reports. However, the weapon is not in how the message is carried, but is instead within the messages that it carries and how these messages negatively shapes the collective perceptions of the Black population. This negative depiction of Black people in the media creates perceptions that leads to non-deliberate decisions that are made below the level of consciousness, and it ultimately lead to unconscious similar behaviors. The motto of this Black debasing perception management program is to divide and conquer.

Given that the strength of African Americans has been their immense unity then logically attacking that strength would be a significance goal of this manipulation program. This manipulation program intentionally produces within many of its Black victim’s feelings of internalized self-contempt that deliberately pulverizes Black unity and halts Black upward mobility–and to the detriment of many African Americans, it has been extremely effective. This Black debasing perception management program is the fiercest racist system ever to confront Black America–given that it’s not distant and impersonal; it reaches into the homes of every African American, working its will during nearly every waking hour. Moreover, all African Americans have experienced the burden of this system of applied psychological conditioning, some more severely than others have. It is experienced every time a Black person read a newspaper, watches the evening news, and listens to derogatory radio broadcast about them. Most Blacks fail to realize that they are being mass manipulated and instead falls victims to the misinformation about themselves. It is the power that shapes and molds the mind and perceptions of virtually every Black citizen, young or old, rich or poor, simple or sophisticated, unknown or famous.

A main goal of this perception management program is to change the Black perception of reality to such an extent that despite the abundance of information no one is able to come to a sensible conclusion in the interest of defending themselves and their communities. What is so unfortunately effective about this psychological program is that it directly effects the part of the psyche that is needed to intuitively evaluate and defend against this psycho-cultural conditioning, this is why even in spite of counter information, and given facts to the contrary, most of its Black victims are not able to use the counter information as a catalyst for change. The black victims of this mass manipulation system are now programmed to think and react in a certain pattern. They are fully indoctrinated. You cannot change their mind even if you expose them to authentic information contrary to their programming. This psychological manipulation of Black people has been so successfully accomplished that it becomes very difficult to reverse. It is so thorough and proficient that many of its Blacks victims will disregard any disclosure of its existence as being mere nonsense and preposterously inconceivable. In fact it is usually not until one tries to move beyond the boundaries of their given false reality in thought and/or in action does this conditioning or programming actually reveals its shackling effect. For many, the more they are presented with the alternant reality as compared to what they have been conditioned to believe most of their lives, the more painful it becomes for them to reason and rationalize. In fact, this system is so proficient at damaging Black self-perception that tragically it has become easier for many Blacks to accept that their problems lies with themselves rather than accepting that they’re victims of this perception management system implemented by the ruling governmental elites. The truth revealed becomes the deviant and bizarre, and the former or competing ingrained illusion becomes the rational and the norm. And what is even more perplexing is that it seems that even those who have received knowledge of this truth still often fall victim to it. For the knowledge itself of this program doesn’t truly free its victim of its conditioning. Truly breaking free of this program’s conditioning requires constant deliberate self-reprograming reinforced by Black loving counter information.

This analysis is not new at all. For in the Mis-Education of the Negro published in 1931 by Carter Godwin Woodson, it states that, “If you can control a man’s thinking, you don’t have to worry about his actions. If you can determine what a man thinks, you do not have to worry about what he will do. If you can make a man believe that he is inferior, you don’t have to compel him to seek an inferior status, he will do so without being told and if you can make a man believe that he is justly an outcast, you don’t have to order him to the back door, he will go to the back door on his own and if there is no back door, the very nature of the man will demand that you build one.” These words, written nearly eighty years ago, not only still ring true, but are the core foundation behind this applied media driven “ideological subversion,” program now targeting Black people. This ideological subversion program has been very successfully at adversely molding the perceptions of many Black people. Some are so convince of these the negative self-perceptions that you cannot change their mind even if you expose them to authentic information to the contrary. This mass manipulation program is at the root of both the profound feeling of self-contempt now experienced by some Blacks and is at the heart of internalized feelings of superiority that many whites possess.




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Kenya: Attorney General has not complied with a court order to pay Ksh 20 million awarded to former detainee Otieno MakOnyango

Posted by African Press International on February 27, 2013


Attorney General Githu Muigai has been taken to task over his blatant refusal to effect payment of Kshs 20m which was awarded by the then High court judge but now Deputy Chief justice Kalpana Rawal to former fiery Alego Usonga mp who is a former political detainee Otieno Makonyango.

Mr Makonyango who is  a journalist by profession was at the time of 1982 detention by former President Moi regime a writer by then East African Standard. In a suit no Hcc. 845 of 2003 at Milimani Law Courts where the AG was the 1st Defendant and Makonyango the Plaintiff a decree was given on 28th Nov 2012 that the defendant in the suit do pay the plaintiff the sum of Kshs 20m with interests thereon at 12 percent per annum from 15th june 2012 plus costs of the suit in the sum of Kshs 73,195 as certified by the Deputy Registrar until payment in full.

The judgement further read in part “that the amount payable to the plaintiff by the defendant in pursuance of the said decree is Kshs 21,330,557.00 together with interest thereon on the sum of  Kshs20,000,000.00 at the rate of 12 percent pa from 15th june until payment in full”.Ailing former detainee during that incarceration come back after his release and totality lost his footing socially and economically even in his family life wasnt spared a chance.

He is a diabetic case who has been busy shuttling the corridors of Kenyatta National Hospital on a weekly basis for now five years.Impeccable sources further confided to the press that the former journalist as a result of his financial constrains has been shunned by  his family and is now putting up with a friend in a tiny room towards Ngong.

The source further confided that even some of his bright children cannot go to various colleges, the source singling one of his  daughters recent failure to join Kenyatta University to pursue Engineering

The former ailing and frail looking detainee has two wives leaving in different estates in Nairobi and eight children all girls. It is, however, not clear why the AG Githu Muigai has refused to pay the former journalist because he did not even bother to appeal during the appeal window as stipulated by law, thus leaving a lot to be desired.


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Abidjan: Rubber squeezing out cassava

Posted by African Press International on February 27, 2013

DABOU,  – Farmers near Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire’s commercial capital, are abandoning cassava, a staple for many Ivoirians, and switching to natural rubber, a move which may jeopardize food self-sufficiency, analysts say.

Large numbers of farmers began to take an interest in rubber in the past decade thanks to high prices resulting from a surge in global demand, Alphonse Gnaoré Koh, an expert from the National Rural Development Agency (ANADER) in Dabou, a main rubber centre 50km west of Abidjan, told IRIN.

Prices jumped from 200 CFA francs per kilo in 2002 to 1,200 per kilo in 2007, but have fallen back since then to 550 per kilo, he said.

The rubber rush is pushing out farmers of cassava, agro-economist Daouda Dahaux from Abidjan’s Swiss Centre for Scientific Research told IRIN, and there is evidence that cocoa farmers may not reign supreme for long either.

Côte d’Ivoire started to grow rubber industrially in the 1950s, and the crop became more widespread when village plantations were created in the 1980s, according to Koh. The crop was originally grown in the southern forest areas along the coast but is now spreading north, especially in central-western and central-eastern parts of the country.

Stable income

Farmers say rubber gives them a more stable and predictable income because they can harvest 10 months a year, whereas cassava is harvested only once a year. Moreover, harvesting cassava is demanding work compared with rubber which is easier to grow, Dahaux said. A rubber tree can live for 40 years.

“With rubber, we harvest and we are paid every month. It’s like being a civil servant,” farmer Jean Essis N’Guessan, based in Debrimou, a village near Dabou, told IRIN. N’Guessan started to plant rubber last year on his cassava farm and plans to replace all the cassava in three years when the rubber trees will have grown. Natural rubber can be harvested seven years after the trees are planted.

His brother, David Esmel, is a retired civil servant and planted rubber along with cassava two years ago. “For many farmers, rubber is more important than cassava now,” N’Guesssan told IRIN. Revenues from rubber are much more substantial than from cassava, he said. “With rubber, you can have the lifestyle of someone working in Abidjan. It’s attractive.”

One hectare of rubber can provide a gross monthly income of about 400,000 CFA (US$800), said Koh. Côte d’Ivoire’s minimum salary is set at 36,600 francs per month.

Farmers’ interest in rubber has also been boosted by the political crisis over the past decade, Dahaux told IRIN. “In the face of political uncertainty, many people have opted for perennial crops.”

Côte d’Ivoire, Africa’s top rubber grower and the seventh largest in the world, produced 230,000 tons of rubber in 2012, according to Albert Konan, executive secretary of the Rubber Development Fund. Annual production of 600,000 tons is envisaged by 2025, he said.

About two-thirds of the farmland in Dabou region is used to grow rubber and the trend is on the rise, Koh said. 

A cultural tradition in jeopardy?

However, cassava is widely used in southern Côte d’Ivoire to produce attiéké, a side dish accompanying most meals, and the switch to rubber could lead to cassava shortages in future.

“If nothing is done to support cassava, and if we consider the population growth in a city like Abidjan, there will likely be substantial shortages in 10-15 years,” Dahaux said. “The threat is real.”

In Debrimou, the first signs of cassava shortages have already appeared, inhabitants told IRIN.

“There’s less and less cassava in the region,” Madeleine Coulibaly, 48 and mother of three, told IRIN. “Without cassava, how will we eat in the future?”

Southern ethnic groups, including the Adioukrou from Dabou, are among those making balls of attiéké and selling them, but producers now have to travel up to 150km to buy the cassava, the price of which has consequently risen, Coulibaly said.

A ball of attiéké which used to cost 250 CFA francs (50 US cents) a few years ago, now costs 350-400 (70-80 US cents), Koh said.

“Without cassava, Adioukrou women don’t have anything to do,” said Joséphine Koproyeï, 62.

The National Centre of Agronomic Research has created new varieties of cassava with better yields in the past few years, bringing women more autonomy and a sense of achievement.

Coulibaly complained that this is not the case with rubber. “Our husbands are planting rubber for them, and only for them. It does not suit us,” she said.

A cultural tradition is in jeopardy, stresses Jacques Lathes, chief of a neighbourhood in Débrimou. “Attiéké is part of the culture of the Adioukrou people. Our region derived its wealth from cassava.”

“All the remaining cassava plantations are about to be invaded by rubber,” Lathes told IRIN. “This is worrying.”

om/cb source

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Kenya’s Mwiterere, who has lived with HIV for over a decade, escaped with his life-prolonging antiretroviral drugs (ARVs)

Posted by African Press International on February 27, 2013

NAIROBI,  – When violence broke out following the announcement of Kenya’s poll results in 2007, Henry Mwiterere and his family fled to safety shortly before their house, in the Rift Valley town of Burnt Fo rest, was burned to the ground.

Mwiterere, who has lived with HIV for over a decade, escaped with his life-prolonging antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), but many people were not so lucky. They were forced to abandon their ARVs in the frenzy, missing several days’ doses and risking drug-resistance in the process.

This time around, Mwiterere – who is a support worker with the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), an organization that treats more than 140,000 HIV-positive people in western Kenya – says patients are much more aware. With the 2013 general election just around the corner, many are coming to collect their drugs early to ensure that, should the worst happen, they will be prepared.

“We now give patients drugs every three months, and we’ve seen patients coming early to collect them. Although we’ve seen movement – people from Kisumu, for instance, are leaving Nakuru to go home where they feel safer – people are getting their drugs and taking them with them.”

Health service providers are doing their best to make sure their patients are not left stranded. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), which is caring for 10,500 HIV-positive people in Nyanza Province‘s Homa Bay and 2,400 in the Nairobi slum of Mathare, as well as hundreds of tuberculosis (TB) patients at both sites, will be operating with a full staff and with extra staff on stand-by throughout the election period. The organization has also made preparations to provide additional first aid and trauma care should it be required.

Stocking up

“In anticipation of possible election-related violence, we started to modify our patient appointments. Since September 2012, we’ve been adjusting their schedules to ensure that we have minimum consultations in the two weeks around the election and patients have the required medications during this period,” Hajir Elyas, deputy medical coordinator for MSF, told IRIN.

“We have ordered extra supplies and medications that are provided by MSF to cover for a couple of months, but we have also liaised with the Ministry of Health, which supplies our ARVs, to create a buffer stock of medication during this period,” she added.

In early 2008, MSF was able to organize mobile teams to supply health centres with additional medication; these will also be available this year, as will a 24-hour hotline for patients who find themselves without medication or the means to reach a health centre.

“Political violence highly increases women and even men’s… risk of sexual violence and of sexual transmitted infections such as HIV”

Joseph Sitienei, from the National AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections Control Programme (NASCOP), told IRIN that the government had provided additional stocks of HIV and TB medication to its health facilities ahead of the polls.

“Emergencies seriously disrupt people’s treatment process, and with diseases like TB or HIV, where adherence is critical, the consequences of such disruptions are even more severe. We realize that,” he told IRIN. “We have greatly decentralized [stocks of] both TB and HIV medicine so that they can be easily accessible during this period. The government has issued a circular to all health facilities to ensure that they all have medicines that can last for one more month over the three months of stocks they normally receive.”

He said health centres had also advised patients to carry their patient cards – issued by their primary health facility and containing their history and treatment regimens – at all times so that they would be able to access their medication from the closest government-run health facility in the event of an emergency.

Sexual violence

Another major problem following the last election was the high level of sexual violence. Women, men and children experienced rape and sexual assault, with many contracting sexually transmitted infections and suffering post-traumatic stress. Few of these cases were prosecuted; on 21 February, eight survivors of sexual violence committed during that period took the government to court over its failure to protect them or investigate the crimes committed against them.

“Political violence highly increases women and even men’s… risk of sexual violence and of sexual transmitted infections such as HIV,” said Saida Ali, the executive director of the Coalition on Violence Against Women (COVAW).

She said the Peace Initiative Kenya, a coalition of civil society groups, were distributing dignity kits – containing reusable sanitary towels, cotton wool, a kanga (sarong), reusable baby nappies, underwear, petroleum jelly and soap – to hospitals in Nairobi to support women who may suffer sexual violence. They have also donated post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) – a course of ARVs given to people recently exposed to HIV to reduce their likelihood of contracting the virus – to a hospital in the capital and to one in the Rift Valley.

She stressed, however, that the onus was on the government to ensure that survivors of sexual violence were able to access emergency medical treatment.

“Things that women need in an event that they report rape, like PEP, must be available at facilities,” she said. “For marginalized areas like North Eastern [Province], the government should ensure that emergency centres exist, because in such places available health facilities are far apart and not easily accessible to many and particularly in emergencies.”

kr/ko/rz source

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Kenya: Imported meat may be a threat to health – “horse meat scandal in Europe”

Posted by African Press International on February 27, 2013



The government has been urged to investigate the source of meat imported into the country following the horse meat scandal in the UK.

Former chairman of the parliamentary committee on agriculture John Mututho said the meat might find its way into the Kenyan market.

The former Naivasha MP expressed fears over the imports and called on the relevant government bodies to investigate the source and standards of the meat.

Mututho likened the issue of horse meat to that of the donkey which has affected parts of the country especially Naivasha.

“The sale of horse and donkey meat has emerged in some European countries and the government should investigate the source of all imported meat,” he said.

Mututho attributed the increase in the illegal meat trade to poverty and harsh economic times.

He said that two years since the first case of donkey-slaughter was reported in Naivasha no suspect had been arrested.

“The illegal trade has been going on for over two years with over 100 donkeys slaughtered but incidentally no one has been arrested,” he said.




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Kenya Second Presidential debate 25th February 2013

Posted by African Press International on February 26, 2013

Kenyans go for elections on the 4th of March 2013. Leaders debate on economy and Land


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Kenya: Selling un-inspected meat punishable

Posted by African Press International on February 26, 2013



Officers from the departments of public health and livestock conducted a major inspection exercise in food joints in Naivasha.

The operation followed the arrest of a trader found selling un-inspected meat in one of the leading food joints.

According to the Naivasha veterinary officer Dr Peterson Njiru, 54kgs of unfit meat had been recovered.

He said that the trader was arrested and arraigned in court and had embarked on a major operation to make sure that the meat sold was inspected.

Njiru warned any trader found selling such meat that he would be arrested and the business premises closed down.




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Thousands flee army harassment in eastern DRC

Posted by African Press International on February 26, 2013

GOMA,  – Thousands of people have fled the town of Punia in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) following threats to their ethnic community, accordin g to UN sources.

“Nearly a third of the population of Punia, a town of 53,000 inhabitants, has reportedly fled to the forest or to other areas around the town,” Sylvestre Ntumba, from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), told media in Goma on 13 February.

“They say there has been harassment by elements of the national army,” he said, saying this is the reason people have given for fleeing.

In a report released on 6 February, OCHA in DRC said: “Army elements have allegedly been threatening people in Punia on the basis of their ethnic identity.”

Humanitarian requirements

“Schools and businesses have been paralyzed… notably because of harassment by the security forces and various scare stories,” the report said.

“They all need food, healthcare, shelter and essential household items,” Ntumba said, adding that the roads are impassable to vehicles, though the area is accessible by air.

Fabienne Pompey, a spokesperson for the World Food Programme (WFP), told media that WFP has started airlifting supplies to Goma. Even so, supplying the town will be difficult, she said, as there are only two lorries available and traveling the 12km from the airstrip to the town takes three hours.

WFP flew 20 tons of food into Punia between 12 and 14 February, but Pompey says this is only enough to feed 8,000 people for five days. The agency is working with the Catholic charity Caritas to identify the most vulnerable of those displaced people from Punia; it is planning to conduct another airlift soon.

The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the NGO Merlin are present in Punia. Merlin coordinator Amy Beaumont told IRIN that the NGO is working with UNICEF to bring in more medical assistance, including mobile clinics and a vaccination campaign against measles.

Ntumba said many of the people who fled Punia were among the 40,000 who had already been displaced from villages in the area.

The security situation deteriorated in Punia following clashes between the army and insurgents in the area.

Mineral connection

OCHA reports that between 24 January and 1 February more than 26,000 people were forced to flee to the town as insurgents known as Raia Mutomboki, (“angry citizens”) approached.

The army then launched an offensive against the Raia Mutomboki, driving them back 70km from Punia, towards Kasese, a mining town.

According to the OCHA report, the flare-up of violence in the area is due to several factors including discontent over harassment by security services, “alleged extortion, forced work and other violence”. Violence is also attributed to the refusal by mining operators to comply with official requirements that minerals to transit through Kindu, the provincial capital, where taxes are collected.

The report says armed groups were used, likely by those with mineral interest, to take control of the airport at Kasese and fly out stocks of minerals.

The authorities in South Kivu and Katanga provinces are also encountering armed group resistance to their attempts to impose stricter controls on the minerals trade.

IRIN attempted to contact the army authorities for comment about the allegations of harassment. The chief of staff of the seventh military region, Col Kodja, based in Kindu, said that only the commanding officer in the region could comment. The officer in charge of military justice in Kindu, Col Kaninga, said he could neither confirm nor deny the allegations.

A police officer in Kindu, who preferred to remain anonymous, said an official delegation had been sent to Kindu to investigate.

nl/rz source


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Kenya: Offensive conduct lands a middle-aged woman in court

Posted by African Press International on February 25, 2013


A middle-aged woman was arraigned before a Naivasha court and charged with offensive conduct.

Appearing before Naivasha Resident Magistrate Salina Muchungi the accused Alice Mumbi Mwangi was charged with using abusive language.

According to the prosecution, on February 17 this year at Karagita market, Mumbi approached Rosemary Muthoni Mwangi and started using abusive language against her.

The court was told that Mumbi started calling Muthoni a ‘prostitute’, ‘uncircumcised woman’, ‘buttocks’ among other words at the market.

Muthoni went and reported the matter to the Karagita Police Base and afterwards the accused was arrested.

The accused admitted committing the offence at the market and asked the court for forgiveness saying she never meant to hurt her but was the work of the devil.

The court directed the probation officer to bring his medical report on 26th this month as to make the ruling.


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Use and abuse of humanitarian principle

Posted by African Press International on February 25, 2013

There has been a long history of aid manipulation

DAKAR,  – Following the 9/11 attacks and the launch of the Global War on Terror, many humanitarian policy wonks spoke of a new era of heightened aid instrumentalization – that is the use of humanitarian action or rhetoric as a tool to pursue political, security, development, economic, or other non-humanitarian goals, which would muddy humanitarian principles and constrain access to those in need.

But a new book, The Golden Fleece, argues that instrumentalization goes back centuries. The only thing that has changed is the “centrality and sheer size” of the humanitarian enterprise, says its editor Antonio Donini, senior researcher at Tufts University’s Feinstein International Center. “There never was a golden age of humanitarianism,” he says.

While aid agencies balked at Colin Powell’s description of them as “force multipliers” in the US “war on terror”, he was not far from wrong, says Lt-Gen (rtd) the Honorable Roméo Dallaire, head of the UN assistance mission in Rwanda during the genocide and author of Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda.

US aid agencies, for instance, were used as “force multipliers” in the Vietnam war and in the Central American civil wars of the 1970s and 1980s, to give but two examples.

Humanitarians have been used… as fig leaves to veil government action and inaction in the face of war crimes and genocide. Humanitarians have been paid, manipulated, and `embedded’ with singular disregard for humanitarian principles. They have been routinely ignored, even in cases of obvious humanitarian need and enormous public outcry. They have been silent when they should have spoken out, and they have spoken out when they should have remained silent. They have called for military intervention… and on the few occasions when they got their wish, they mostly lived to regret it,” says co-author Ian Smillie, a long-time aid critic and founder of Canadian NGO Inter Pares.

The Golden Fleece explores different forms of aid manipulation starting in the 19th century, and progressing to the 20th and 21st centuries, presenting a series of case studies in Sudan, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Pakistan, Somalia and Haiti, among others.

Instrumentalization can also be more subtle – for instance when humanitarian emergencies are largely ignored by aid agencies and governments alike – or, in the case of food aid, when it is used to dispose of surplus stocks, to create new markets and to win over governments, as opposed to more blatant manipulation involving say, the diversion of stocks by warring parties.

“Dunanist” versus not

An increase in the number and severity of crises, the vast growth of the humanitarian sector, the increased ability of governments to dictate the shape of agency programming, the more intense real-time scrutiny, and the impact this has had on funding, have made agencies more aware of aid instrumentalization.

Some agencies stick to the humanitarian principles of independence, impartiality and neutrality more strictly – notably the “Dunanist” agencies International Committee of the Red Cross and NGOs such as Médecins sans Frontières (Henri Dunant inspired the creation of the Red Cross movement at the battle of Solferino).

However, even the ICRC has struggled to uphold its principles at times: for instance, by failing to step up its protection response to victims of concentration camps in 1930s Germany; or in keeping silent about British-run concentration camps during the 1890s Boer war.

For multi-mandate agencies – both NGOs and UN – neutrality, independence and impartiality “are more guidelines than principles. For them, manipulation… has been the default position, some using and some eager to be used,” says the book.

The danger for them is that in a place like Afghanistan, “some multi-mandate agencies may find themselves in a bind,” says Donini. “They want to do humanitarian aid at one point, but having been implementing partners for the government, for military-political provincial reconstruction teams, they are realizing these chickens will come home to roost.”

Instrumenalization of aid is more obvious in some crises than others. In Somalia all local groups – from local NGOs to businessmen to warlords – have sought to manipulate assistance to project their authority or enrich themselves, say the authors.

Lessons for aid agencies

The authors refrain from being prescriptive, but some lessons do emerge. A clear one is that calling for military intervention is almost always regretted later on. “Agencies call for the cavalry at their peril,” says Smillie, “This is a cautionary tale.”

Another is that aid agencies too often compartmentalize or simplify their view of a complex emergency, perpetuating a self-referential reality in which their solutions (food, tents), define the problem. This can often lead them to ignore the real problems at hand (human rights abuses, say, in Sri Lanka, or feeding genocidal killers, say, in Rwanda).

Such a vision leads Darfur to be depicted as a relatively straightforward tale of “bad” Arabs and “good” Africans rather than a more complex power struggle over land and water.

Even the ICRC, protector of the humanitarian principles, has struggled with them at times (file photo).

It also blinds them to their own impact: several researchers have asserted that humanitarian aid prolonged the war in Nigeria’s Biafra in the 1960s – a conflict in which an estimated one million people died, the majority as a result of malnutrition. Of course hindsight is a wonderful thing, but Smillie, who was there at the time, says several NGOs were aware of this dynamic at the time.

Perhaps one of the most useful lessons is that, in the authors’ analysis, manipulation of assistance generally does not get the manipulators what they want. “The fact that aid can be a force multiplier may be wrong,” said Smillie. Studies have shown for instance, that humanitarian aid in Iraq and Afghanistan did little to win over hearts and minds. Perhaps its very ineffectiveness should be an incentive to loosen the hold.

As Western power wanes and crisis-affected countries begin to assert their right to control crisis response, new dynamics will arise. Donini gave Sri Lanka as an example of where its leader Mahinda Rajapakse used the Global War on Terror and respect for sovereignty rhetoric to justify overwhelming force against the Tamil uprising when he came to power in 2005, out-manoeuvering and repressing humanitarians.

Long on problems and short on solutions, the book can make for depressing reading. But Donini stressed a final point: “This book focuses on the negative – we wanted to unscramble instrumentalization. But we shouldn’t deny all the positive…. there is much about the humanitarian enterprise that is really quite good.”

aj/cb source


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