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Archive for December 14th, 2008

“I wish to add that Zambia is committed to the spirit of dialogue and cooperation which are enshrined in the regional and continental charters to which we are a State party,” Mr Pande said.

Posted by African Press International on December 14, 2008

Lusaka (Zambia) – The government has refuted online reports suggesting that Zambia and Botswana are planning to invade Zimbabwe to forcibly remove President Robert Mugabe from power.

Speaking at a joint Press briefing in Lusaka yesterday, Foreign Affairs Minister, Kabinga Pande and Defence Minister, George Mpombo said that the online report was malicious. Mr Pande said that the report, which appeared on http://www.zimbabwetoday.co.uk dated December 7, 2008, was false as Zambia was committed to working within the framework of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) decision in resolving the situation in Zimbabwe.

“I wish to add that Zambia is committed to the spirit of dialogue and cooperation which are enshrined in the regional and continental charters to which we are a State party,” Mr Pande said.

He said the Government believed that peace and stability in Zimbabwe could only be achieved through effective dialogue between the various stakeholders.

Mr Pande said that it was not feasible for Zambia to agitate for military invasion in Zimbabwe.

“Zambia remains a firm believer in the time-honoured principle of good neighbourliness. These provocative insinuations should, therefore, be dismissed with the contempt they deserve as they are indeed baseless and false,” Mr Pande said.

He suspected that the site was created by some Zimbabweans living outside their country and added that the Government had communicated with their counterparts in that country.

Mr Mpombo said that it was unthinkable for Zambia, which worked hard to liberate Zimbabwe, to push for regime change militarily. He said there was no element of truth in the story, emphasising that Zambia was bound to work within the decision of SADC.

“The allegations are a complete political hogwash and there is no truth in these allegations. Our role is to help Zimbabwe overcome the problems and this is through dialogue and not as a way of military intervention,” Mr Mpombo said.

The online story states that Zambia’s commandos at Mushili in Ndola have been training in joint operations with the army in Botswana with the prospect of invading Zimbabwe. The story quotes sources in Zambia as saying Zambians were equipped with AK47 rifles and rocket launchers. The online story says the plan was for Botswana’s troops and Zambian units to invade simultaneously from their own borders.

Source: The Times of Zambia (Zambia) – December 11, 2008.

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Christmas reunion – Uganda

Posted by African Press International on December 14, 2008

Esther Lalam, a teacher in northern Uganda – an Xmas feast and reunion
KITGUM, This is part of a special IRIN series: Uganda Diaries

ESTHER LALAM
December 4

So many people have left Padibe main camps [for internally displaced people] and returned to their villages.

People are determined to live in their homes, they left the camp and started a new life.

Photo: Euan Denholm/IRIN

Very few people remain in the camp and most of those are the sick and the vulnerable who cannot build houses. Some people are still living in the satellite camp nearer to their villages.
People living in the village say life is so much better than in the camp because they have good sanitation and enough land to cultivate.

The biggest challenge for returnees is lack of schools, health centres and clean water sources. Most IDPs returning home are still leaving their children behind in the main camp so that they can continue with their education.

Some primary schools are relocating to their original site in village.

We have a positive-living club for the community, made up of people living with the virus. We teach people how to take care of HIV patients, the dangers of stigmatisation, and the advantage of knowing your HIV status.

Patients are praying that an office for the Aids Support Organisation should be established in Kitgum to help assist HIV patients. The number is so high.

I feel there is an improvement in my health. My CD4 count has improved because last year my CD4 count was getting so low. My weight has improved.

I get my ARV drugs from St Joseph Hospital in Kitgum town. Some people living with HIV come from as far as Orom and Namukora, near the Southern Sudan boarder. I cant estimate the number of people missing out on ARV drugs but there are many. Some people are getting their drugs from Kitgum hospital while others get them from health units in villages but these are people who registered several years ago.

Last week I went for training on the integrated management of adult and adolescent illness for people living with HIV/Aids. This is a programme for managing HIV patients under treatment. Next week I am going to train community health workers in Padibe on how to handle HIV patients.

People are enjoying peace but there are some isolated cases of armed robberies.

ca/mw


December 14Weve had a great change here over the last few months. More people are leaving since the last time we spoke and some are even going to their real original place.

It happened with the harvests. People started not only digging but harvesting, and suddenly they needed to build small huts in which to keep the food. They started sleeping there to look after the food and save time and they grew more comfortable with being out there.

By October they were staying.

The children left the camp in the holidays at the beginning of December and went out to the bush to where their families were, and many stayed. Now some of the displaced schools have started moving back and that will continue in the New Year.

Many of the huts in the camp have been destroyed. People took the tarpaulins, and with no roof, the walls collapsed with the rains.

There are some who still fear going back home, particularly those who live very deep in the bush.

There is some instability – thieves who come to steal, but stealing is more of a problem from bad elements within the camp.

Most of the people who are left in the camp are the elderly, vulnerable and disabled – those who cant build by themselves. Many of them have relatives who dig the land but come back to look after them, others are worried that they will be left behind and forgotten about when all the able-bodied have gone.

This will be a very special Christmas this year. My second born and fifth born have come back home – my second born has been away for five years before coming back for Christmas.

This is happening to many families for the first time in a long time.

Weve hung up some Christmas decorations – a bit of glitter to make our home feel festive. At Christmas we will go to church to remember the birth of Christ – we go at midnight. Then on Christmas Day we will feast on meat and drink. There will be alcohol, soda or juice so everyone is happy. Women go and buy a new dress for the occasion but the best thing is being together as a family after such a long time apart.

HIV/AIDS

On 1 December we all went to Lagora camp to celebrate World AIDS Day. Volunteers from Meeting Point, the local AIDS support organisation, and other people living with HIV, travelled from across Kitgum and Pader. We did a lot of dancing, a lot of singing, had a lot of fun. Its a nice opportunity to make new friends from different places who are in a similar situation – also living with HIV/AIDS.

I go out to a lot of new settlement sites with Meeting Point and we do dances and plays explaining to people how HIV/AIDS works.

We explain how people can come back to life if they have ARVs and how they can do normal activities and play a full role in the family again if they get the right love and support.

There are home-based care volunteers all over and they are visiting people across the district deep into the village so even those who have returned home are getting support.

The trouble we are having now is to start new people on ARVs. There are lots of ARVs but not for new people. There is no new registration at the moment.

Also there is little of the special milk that HIV positive mothers can give their babies instead of breast milk to stop passing on the virus. We have been out for three months now. Mothers are very unhappy about it but what can they do? They have to feed their babies.

Ive been elected vice chairman of people living with HIV/AIDS in Kitgum. We are registering the names and details of everybody living with HIV/AIDS in the area so that the district can help out with things like school fees.

Personally Im now feeling well again. My CD4 count has bounced back and there is no problem now. I dont need to worry about not eating fried food. This Christmas I will be able to eat just what I like and have a real feast.
Huge changes

Weve seen huge changes here in Padibe. Suddenly everyone has started moving out [in August].

People who went home earlier are now harvesting their crops and selling them and others are thinking if they can do it then I can too. In fact lots of people are leaving the camp to help in the harvests and they are all talking about staying and planting their own crops. Most of them have moved to small, new resettlement camps rather than living on their own land. But people are working again and so its a big change.

The other factor is that the NGOs have started giving help to those in the countryside. Caritas have started seed fairs, which are popular and people arent seeing so much help if they stay in the camps.

People arent being pushed. They are making a free choice. Its very good.

You can go into the camp and you will find children everywhere but their mothers and fathers have left for home.

But Im not going to move yet. My land is by the camp and Im teaching here.

My CD4 count

I went to the hospital to get my ARVs at the beginning of the month and everyone was talking about how one of the main local NGOs was planning to drop 200 people from the free food [programme] so that they could give it to those with liver problems.

That is going to be very difficult because people were relying on it and so havent planted anything. The problem is with the planning people need warning of changes like that. They need stability.

I went for a test and my CD4 count is dropping fast. Its important to have a high count so this is bad news; it means that the virus is getting stronger in my system.

Why is it happening? I dont drink, I dont smoke, I havent courted any men.

People are complaining about this new ARV drug that is being given out. Its been introduced because its cheaper but the side effects are nasty. One lady lost all the skin on her face and arms. Others have developed sores all over the body.

I was supposed to be changing to it myself but they couldnt because of my low CD4 count.

I cant say Im unhappy about that. People are taking them back and insisting on having their old drugs back again.

Teaching

I teach classes P2, P3 and P4 at Padibe Boys school. Its called a boys school but its actually mixed and my pupils are of all ages.

I have 240 pupils in one of my classes. It is really very difficult to teach a class that big. Really very, very difficult.

Imagine how long it takes to mark the books from just one exercise! They can even fight when you are in the class they can be so stubborn.

You cannot move in the classroom because they are just so packed in.

We try very hard as teachers but a lot of the time I dont really think they get an education.

The quick learners learn but the slow learners are just there to sit. Everything floats over them. In real teaching you have to move around and look over their shoulders and assist those who dont understand but in a class of that size, what can you do?

And with the birth-rate as it is in the camps we are only getting more and more children to teach.

There are supposed to be three schools in Padibe but with the war 13 schools have been moved into the camp from the surrounding villages and many of them have to share buildings with each other.

Still, things are far better than they were. When I became a teacher in 1995 there was nowhere for me to teach. I was posted to a village in the bush but the children were scattered everywhere. The school was a rebel dormitory.

I think with peace and stability we will have the foundations for a good school system but there is a long way to go.

Education is the key to our recovery its especially important for my four children as it gives them a way to stand on their own feet when Im not here.

HIV

My husband stayed with a nurse and she died. So I thought the worst and when I was giving birth to my last child I bled for two days. I knew there was something wrong, I was so weak.

And so I went for a test. Of course I was positive. My husband refused [a test] and died a short time later.

I was so weak. I could not walk much, not even in the school where I was teaching. I explained to the head-mistress after coming from the hospital. She was very understanding and reduced my workload so that I was just teaching 40 minutes a day for three years.

For three years it was getting really bad. I had so many complications like malaria and coughing. I was taken to hospital all the time. I thought I was dying and I told my mother, I feel Im so weak I will not be with you or the children for long.

But in 2003 I started an anti-retroviral programme from the hospital in Kitgum town. People had tried to dissuade me, talking about the side effects, saying it would kill me but I found my courage. What did I have to lose?

My mother came to the clinic with me and had a lesson on how to help me through the difficult times. The night after I started I was in such a lot of pain I could barely breathe. My mother stayed with me and said if they kill you, let me die too. But after two weeks I started eating little by little. I started walking after one month. And in two months I was working again. It was really miraculous.

Though I am HIV positive now I feel as other people feel. I now have a real hope of living more than I ever thought possible before.

Now Im growing groundnuts and cassava and good food is something very important for people on ARVs with HIV.

I never thought that I would have a chance to dig my fields again but with the drugs and the peace its like I have my life back.

Theyve just started to distribute ARVs at the local health centre.

Those who are getting the ARVs are still returning to the resettlement sites; it just means that you go for one day to the health centre.

Most of the clients who need ARVs get them. People arent complaining that they are missing them.

But what would I say to the Health Minister if he was here? People who are getting ARVs are very discouraged when they hear there are problems of supplies and we hear that a lot. The drugs from the government are at risk of running out. But we need consistency, we need to know we can rely on the supply because for us its a matter of life and death. Without them we have no hope for life.

Home

Home is a very important idea for us Acholi. It isnt just somewhere you grow up, it isnt just the place where youre living – its the place where all your ancestors are buried.

I was actually born in Kitgum town because my father was working there as a teacher and I didnt visit the village until I was seven but that didnt stop me knowing that the village was home.

Id hear all the stories from my parents about Loi Bide. It means Let them talk, people will get tired. Just two words in Acholi – its a very efficient language.

Visitors would come carrying fruit from the village and lots of milk. But whatever people brought would never be enough and I wanted to take all the food from the source.

It didnt disappoint. We had cattle, we had land and it was so fertile. Wed never go hungry. We had one of the big houses in the village and we had so many relatives around so I was never lonely. Now many of them have died, with the war, illness.

Those who have died recently we havent been able to bury at home. But most of my relatives are buried there.

Some people will bury [their dead] under a tree but we buried ours in the compound, next to the huts. You feel their presence. We believe that the spirits are still alive.

Every year in November we would have a prayer for the ancestors. My sisters come all the way up from Jinja and Kampala. Its called nipo – remembrance in Acholi.

We prepare lots of food, slaughtering cows and chickens.

The small children might not know who their ancestors are, they might not know their history but on that day all the children learn and find out just who their grandfather is, where they come from.

My nickname is Amot, the same as my grandmother, and that is what my family know me as. One day when my grandmother was old she pulled me to her and said that I should carry her name. It was a real honour for me because we were very close. Its very sad that I have been kept away from her and my other ancestors because of the war.

We havent been able to do nipo for a long time – five years. Now this year I hope that we can all get together again. If there is still peace we will have a really big feast.


Return

The village is close enough, just 1.5km away, and so Ive been going to dig again since April but I havent moved back. Not many people have.Some have built small huts on their land – they have one leg in the camp and the other in the village. The grass wont be good to build huts until October and November, by which time we hope there will be some change with the peace talks in Juba.

For now people are still very fearful. In my village there are only two people out of perhaps 800 that have gone back.

People wont really believe in the peace until they see [LRA leader Joseph] Kony and [deputy Vincent] Otti return. You have to understand what people have been through, why they are still so suspicious of the peace process.


How I came to PadibeWe came late to the camp. We saw others were leaving but we werent interested in coming, we hadnt experienced trouble. But when others left the rebels started to cause trouble for us, stealing our crops. And then one day we saw our neighbour, a boy of 14, running as fast as he could and we knew something was very wrong.

We started to run but we were too slow, by then it was too late. They surrounded us and forced us down on the ground at gunpoint.

They took my eldest brother Milton along with two of my cousins. My brother came back but they killed one of my cousins – he couldnt carry the heavy load they gave him and he was beaten so seriously that he didnt even reach [South] Sudan.

After that we decided to come to the camp but for those who came late there was no space and so we stayed near the road. The landowner wouldnt even let us put up a hut.

We stayed like that on the grass for the months before the Red Cross lent us a tent.

It was very difficult. We just had nothing. Nothing to live under, nothing to cook with. Nothing. But we couldnt risk going back home.

Sometimes wed eat just once in two days. There was no food and there was no laughter. Youd just sit and look at each other.

You couldnt sleep properly because youd hear the bombs and the guns going off.

The soldiers were still very few – not enough to protect us. So wed often go and run from the camp and sleep in the bush.

And if they got you they would cut off your ears, your mouth or arms so people started moving again all the way into the town.

But in the town there was no water, no shelter, no food. So we started to move back again – at least you could eat the pawpaw from the tree and the World Food Programme started to register people.

[This is part of a special IRIN series: Uganda Diaries, in which a selection of ordinary people in northern Uganda talk about their lives in their own words. The “diaries” were gathered over several interviews in Uganda starting from July 2007. Each individual’s diary will be updated from time to time over the coming weeks.

Visit Living with the LRA – IRIN’s rollingin-depth coverage of the stuation in northern Uganda and southern Sudan.]

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Suspensjon of diamond-harvest

Posted by African Press International on December 14, 2008

ZIMBABWE: Call to suspend diamonds from the Kimberley Process


Photo: David Hecht/IRIN
Diamond trade under scrutiny

JOHANNESBURG , 12 December 2008 (IRIN) – Civil society is calling for the suspension of Zimbabwe from the Kimberley Process, an international certification scheme to prevent conflict diamonds from entering the multibillion dollar market.

Global Witness, a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that led the campaign to set up the system, said in a statement on 12 December: “Members of the Kimberley Process Civil Society Coalition are calling upon the Kimberley Process to suspend Zimbabwe from the rough diamond certification scheme, in light of recent violence used by the government to take control of the Chiadzwa diamond fields [in Manicaland Province].”

The Kimberley Process participants are governments, the diamond industry, and concerned NGOs. The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was launched in January 2003 to strangle the trade in conflict diamonds, also known as blood diamonds, which are used to fund conflict.

In recent weeks President Robert Mugabe’s ruling ZANU-PF government launched “Operation No Return”, in which as many as 50 diamond diggers have been killed, according to reports.

Most of the diamond fields are located in the Marange area, about 60km southwest of the provincial capital, Mutare, near the Mozambique border. The state-owned Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation is responsible for mining the diamonds, which are marketed by another state entity, the Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ).

The US government has targeted both organisations with sanctions, in response to the recent elections that were widely condemned as neither free nor fair, for “undermining of democratic processes and institutions in Zimbabwe”.

“The Kimberley Process must take a stand against the harnessing of diamonds for systematic abuses by a pariah regime,” said Annie Dunnebacke of Global Witness.

“We can no longer assume that Zimbabwe has the ability or the ethical standards needed to control its diamonds in ways that conform to the principles espoused by the Kimberley Process.”

''Revenues from Zimbabwe’s diamonds – whether mined and marketed within or outside formal government control – are helping to prop up Robert Mugabe’s repressive and increasingly violent regime''

Zimbabwe’s government has few remaining sources of foreign currency, its economy is collapsing, unemployment is above 80 percent, food shortages afflict nearly half the population, and the last official figure for annual inflation, released in July 2008, put the rate at 231 million percent.

“Revenues from Zimbabwe’s diamonds whether mined and marketed within or outside formal government control are helping to prop up Robert Mugabe’s repressive and increasingly violent regime,” Global Witness said.

There were also indications that “Large volumes of Zimbabwean diamonds [are] being smuggled to other countries in contravention of the Kimberley Process. In recent months, smugglers have been arrested in India and in Dubai with large quantities of diamonds, reportedly of Zimbabwean origin,” the organisation noted.

“The Kimberley Process was designed to halt and prevent conflict diamonds through an international regulatory regime based on internal controls in each participating country,” said Ian Smillie, of Partnership Africa Canada, an NGO promoting sustainable development in Africa.

“The perpetration of human rights abuses and indiscriminate extrajudicial killing by governments in pursuit of Kimberley Process objectives is little better than the problem the scheme seeks to end. The Kimberley Process should act to condemn and prevent such violence.”

go/he
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Iraqi refugees in Egypt number 20,000

Posted by African Press International on December 14, 2008

EGYPT: Lack of income main problem for Iraqi refugees


Photo: Marwa Awad/IRIN
Lack of income is the main problem for Iraqis in Egypt, authors of the survey say

CAIRO, 11 December 2008 (IRIN) – A first official survey of Iraqi refugees in Egypt tentatively puts their number at 20,000.

The product of a years field work and analysis by Egypt’s Information and Decision Support Centre (IDSC) and the American University in Cairo’s Centre for Migration and Refugee Studies, the survey (not available on the internet) looked at how and why Iraqis came to Egypt, their population profile, socio-economic conditions, and the main challenges they face.

There is some uncertainty about the 20,000 figure as there was no sure way of capturing all the refugees due to the transient nature of their residence, and a degree of mistrust among them of the IDSC, a government body. Some Iraqis were cautious and reluctant to participate in this research,” the IDSCs Said al-Masry told a discussion panel on the surveys findings in mid-November.

Human Rights Watch estimated in 2007 that the number of Iraqis in Egypt might be about 150,000, and a BBC report on the plight of Iraqis in Egypt published in Septemberalso mentioned the figure of 150,000.

Sara Sadek explained why the survey was important: “It is important to know the facts in order to give NGOs and policymakers an understanding of the needs of Iraqis. Being a nationwide survey, it has also raised awareness [of the issue] among Egyptians and engaged local policymakers in identifying problems,” said Sadek.

Most of those interviewed for the survey came to Egypt because of insecurity at home; some 60 percent had received threats. Most acquired tourist visas to legalise their stay in Egypt; their travel expenses were covered either by selling their houses or using savings.

About 60 percent of respondents are registered with the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), allowing them to receive some basic services and open a resettlement file. However, of these, only 5 percent have been given a date for a resettlement interview, and fewer than 1 percent have been accepted for resettlement in a third country.

Lack of income

“Lack of income is the main problem, followed by education,” said Sara Sadek, the lead researcher. Iraqis have been depending on income from dwindling remittances and savings.

Respondents bemoaned the lack of job opportunities: There were few jobs available, wages were low and it was very difficult to find a job commensurate with educational qualifications. Rent had been rising fast and residency permits were complicated to process and renew.

“I stopped sending my kids to school this year as the fees got too expensive. We are opting for private tutors. The landlord has doubled our rent. I sold my house and car in Baghdad, but because of the situation here, I am losing all my savings,” said an Iraqi refugee who preferred anonymity due to the sensitivity of his position in Iraq.

Egypt signed the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, with reservations: refugees cannot work in Egypt without a work permit and access to services is very limited. As a result, working in Egypt is practically impossible for refugees, unless they opt for work in the informal sector. Click here for an earlier IRIN report on this.

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