African Press International (API)

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US seeks to defuse S Asia tension

Posted by African Press International on December 4, 2008

Condoleezza Rice, the US secretary of state,has appealed to Pakistan to mounta robust responseto last week’s co-ordinated attacks on Mumbai.

The chief of the US military, Admiral Michael Mullen,travelled in the opposite direction to Rice, arriving inNew Delhifor talks on Thursday after visiting Pakistan.

In Islamabad on Wednesday, Mullen urged Pakistani officials to “investigate aggressively any and all possible ties to groups in Pakistan” and “take more, and more concerted, action against militant extremists elsewhere in the country”.

For her part, Rice called on Pakistan to give its “full co-operation” and show transparency in finding those responsible for the attacks on India’s financial capital.

Relations between India and Pakistan have been brought into sharp focus since the attacks on two luxury hotels, a railway station and a Jewish religious centre, with New Delhi accusing Pakistani individuals of being involved.

At least 171 people were killed and more than 300 injured in the assault.

‘Very focused’

“I found the Pakistani leadership very focused and committed to act,” she said after talks with Asif Ali Zardari, the Pakistani president, and Yousuf Raza Gilani, the prime minister, and senior armyofficials.

Zardari promised Rice that his government would take “strong action” against Pakistani elements found involved in the attacks.

“The government will not only assist in investigation but also take strong action against any Pakistani elements found involved in the attack,” an official statement issued after their meeting said.

“It just has to be a robust response and one that is effective” in bringing the attackers to justice,Rice said.

“But I’ve also been emphasising the importance of prevention here.

“The Pakistanis are sophisticated; they’ve been dealing with terrorism themselves for some time. So I’m going there to talk about a Pakistani response, not to carry messages.”

Ricemet Pranab Mukherjee, the Indian foreign minister, after arriving in New Delhi on Wednesday, before going on to meet Manmohan Singh, the country’s prime minister.

Security alert

Against this backdrop of rising tensions, Indiahas put all its major airport onhigh alert,in response towarnings of possible attacks using hijacked aircraft.

The government had ordered extra checks to vehicles and luggage after warnings from intelligence agencies, officials said on Thursday.

Local television showed armed police guarding entrances to Delhi’s international airport. Police cordons had also been set up outside the airport in the southern industrial city of Chennai.


The developments comea day afterthousands of people held a vigil in in Mumbai,close tothe Taj Mahal Palace hotel, whereone of the bloodiest attacks occurred.

Many of those at the vigil say thatneighbouring Pakistan is responsible for the attacks.

As the remembrance event went ahead, the head of the country’s counter-terrorism force said that Mumbai police had found and defused two bombs.

The explosives were found hidden in a bag at the Chhatrapati Shivajirailway station on Wednesday, a week after it came under deadly attack by armed men who also targeted several other buildings in the city.

While searching 150 bags at the station, police found one that looked suspicious and called the bomb squad. They found two bombs of 4kg each inside and defused them, police said.

“This is part of the same consignment which the terrorists had brought on Wednesday night [a week ago] when they were attacking and running helter-skelter, some of the material had been left behind,” KP Raghuvashi, India’s counter-terrorism chief, said.

Pakistan ties

Indian investigators have said the Mumbai attacks were carried out by Lashkar-e-Taiba,a Pakistan-linked group.

Mukherjee said on Tuesday that New Delhi had asked for ‘the arrest and handover of those persons who are settled in Pakistan and who are fugitive of Indian law”.

Some opposition groups in Pakistan have reacted angrily to India’saccusations [EPA]

India believes some of the 20 had links to other attacks in India, most notably the attacks on parliament and commuter trains.

Pakistan hassaid it will “look at” the list of names and “frame a response”.

Mukherjee also said thatNew Delhi is not considering military action in response to the latest attacks in Mumbai.

“Nobody is talking of military action,” Mukherjee said when asked about options on what action could be taken.

Mukherjee said that peace talks with Pakistan, a process which started in 2004, would be difficult to continue after the attacks.

“We have no intention of not carrying out the peace process,” he told theIndian news channel NDTV.

“If these incidents … are not adequately addressed by [Pakistan], it becomes difficult to carry out business as usual and that includes the peace process.”

India’s foreign ministry hassaid that New Delhi summoned Pakistan’s high commissioner to inform him “that the recent terrorist attack on Mumbai was carried out by elements from Pakistan”.

But Pakistan’s government denies any links.


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