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Archive for September 24th, 2008

USA grants Tanzania US$200 million for development

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) said on Wednesday that it had increased its funding to Tanzania by US$200 million in order to assist the country uplift its peoples welfare through various development programmes.

Outgoing USAID mission director, Pamela White, said the assistance was part of her government\s overall direct and multilateral assistance to Tanzania of more than US$690 million during the last fiscal year.

\”As I depart from Tanzania after three fabulous years assisting and witnessing the country make great strides, it makes me proud to sign these agreements on behalf of the people of the United States to help improve the quality of life of the people of Tanzania,\” she said.

The two governments signed five amendments to bilateral grant agreements in Dar es Salaam on Wednesday, increasing funding for existing programmes.

The increased funding is aimed at supporting programmes in health, education, natural resources management, economic growth and good governance.

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API/source.apa

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AU voices concern on attack against civilians in Darfur

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

The African Union Commission on Tuesday voiced its concerned over the continuing attacks against civilians, humanitarian workers and the joint UN-AU mission in Darfur (UNAMID).

A meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council on Monday condemned all acts of violence and violations of human rights in Darfur and stressed the need to bring perpetrators to justice.

It said there was need for international justice to be conducted in a transparent and fair manner, in line with the principles of international law.

UNAMID, which took over the mandate from AU mission in Sudan in January 2007, has 8,000 peacekeeping forces in Darfur.

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API/Source.apa

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New Revenue Streams for Nursing Homes

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

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API

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Changes in the Kenya parliament may cause a rift in some circles

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

New rules in Parliament to alter balance of power

By David Ohito

Is Parliament the next theatre for political supremacy between Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka and Prime Minister Raila Odinga?

This was the picture taking shape yesterday as the august House began to digest the import of the new Standing Orders of the House that will take effect when Parliament convenes on October 7.

The parliamentary committee in charge of the Standing Orders rules for conducting proceedings in the House is currently meeting at the Safari Park to incorporate recommendations from a workshop held earlier.

On the cards is an overhaul of the current Standing Orders, to introduce a raft of reforms that would see a new slot of Prime Ministers Question Time introduced to address Government operations and matters incidental thereto.

In the revised Standing Orders, the PM has been allocated time every Wednesday at 3.15pm to answer questions from members for 45 minutes. Women handbags and African outfits will be allowed in the House, among others changes.

Once the new Standing Orders come into effect, the PM is set to take charge of Government Business in Parliament.

The PMs new roles will drastically affect the duties of the Vice-President, who traditionally has been the Leader of Government Business in the House.

new roles

In the new arrangement, the role of Leader of Government Business, a position held by VP Kalonzo Musyoka, will be diluted, as most queries would be tackled by the PM.

Although this is only temporary in as far as the Coalition Government is concerned, the rules are bound to spark fresh protocol wars like those that drove a wedge between Raila and Kalonzo over the pecking order in Government.

Yesterday, Kalonzo declined to be dragged into discussing the new Standing Orders. According to Kalonzo, the priorities of Parliament when it reconvenes will be “passing the Constitution of Kenya Amendment Bill 2008 and the Constitution of Kenya Review Bill,” to pave way for comprehensive reforms.

In statement through an aide, Kalonzo challenged MPs to take their watchdog roles seriously. “In a Grand Coalition, the Backbench has a role to keep the Government on its toes. The Public Accounts Committee and the Public Investments Committee roles must be strengthened,” Kalonzo said.

Imenti Central MP Mr Gitobu Imanyara chaired the Standing Orders sub-committee that reviewed the new rules.

The committee is winding up its final draft today before it presents it to Parliament once it resumes its sittings. According to Imanyara, the new position stipulates, “in the absence of the PM, a Deputy Prime Minister designated by the PM may answer questions or make a statement under this part”.

This means that Deputy Prime Ministers Musalia Mudavadi and Uhuru Kenyatta will step into the PMs shoes as regards this role when he is away.

The PM may assign the coordination responsibilities to Deputy PM as well as one of them to deputise him.

In the new rules, the Leader of Government Business will perform the role of presenting and laying on the table a statement informing the House of the business pending the following week.

In what appears to be a recognition of the constitutional powers the PM enjoys, he will now issue statements on behalf of the Government on the floor of the House and respond to queries by MPs once a week.

This duty was previously the preserve of the Vice-President.

Imanyara says during the new slot, “questions may be put to the Prime Minister and the he can also make a statement relating to matters of Government policy or the general performance.”

Raila (ODM) and Kalonzo (ODM-K) parted ways after differing over leadership of ODM-Kenya in the run-up to the 2007 General Election.

They both contested for the presidency, with Raila and Kibaki (PNU) having a close contest while Kalonzo came third.

Kibaki went ahead to appoint Kalonzo VP after he was pronounced President in the disputed elections.

Raila assumed the PMs post in a power sharing agreement.

Yesterday, ODM chief whip, Mr Jakoyo Midiwo, said vested interests forced MPs revising the Standing Orders not to delete the position of Leader of Government Business.

“We are happy MPs can now field questions to the PM directly instead of ministers,” said Jakoyo.

New changes

The changes in the Constitution following the entrenchment of the National Accord and Reconciliation Act has forced Parliament to adjust its way of business to accommodate new positions like the PM and his deputies.

However, lawyers now argue it was illogical for the PM who constitutionally is the co-ordinator and supervisor of all government functions, including ministries to fail to take over the Leader of Government Business post in the House.

Senior counsel and former Kabete MP Paul Muite says: “With Kalonzo as the Leader of Government Business, it would mean he had to be briefed by Raila for him to answer questions in Parliament.”

But Speaker of the National Assembly Mr Kenneth Marende says: “We have made considerable changes and MPs participated and adopted the rules at Safari Park in August.”

Marende says what a remains is the publishing of a Sessional Paper to be debated and finally adopted by the House. “Some rules will take effect after a period of learning, which is the transition window,” Marende said.

In a departure from tradition, the national Budget-making process will no longer be the exclusive right of the Executive.

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API/Source.standard.ke

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During the Iraq war American soldiers went into several of Iraq grade schools and destroyed their text book and replaced them with new ones written by the U.S. government.

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

To you who has not understood me!
by F. Jones

Your opinion are greatly valued and appreciated. I’m aware that perhaps a man of your means doesnt have the time to read every e-mail sent to you, but please when you have the time to do so I respectfully ask that you read this article more thoroughly.
My training in psyop (Psychological operations) comes from my twenty year of military experience. I’ve witness its immense ability to effect individual behavior and direct societal norms. I was trained to know that these methods of mass manipulation are very real. They’re taught in the academies of the CIA, FBI and all of America’s Military War colleges. It has been used in all of America’s wars since WWI and has been ongoing used through out the Iraq war.
During the Iraq war American soldiers went into several of Iraq grade schools and destroyed their text book and replaced them with new ones written by the U.S. government. These new text book portrayed America and the west in a more favorable light. The official reason given for this action was that it was merely done to remove all mentions of Sadam Hussein from the text book.
The U.S. Government also set up radio and television stations that unrelentingly broadcast favorable stories supporting the U.S. invasion of Iraq. They then used the Iraqi news paper to put out their own propaganda stories again favoring their invasion.
Dr. ——Psychological warfare is very real
According to Dr Edward Bernays, one of Americas most renowned propaganda specialists and consultant to many U.S. presidents; This method of social manipulation is an important element in a democratic society, and that those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country.

When people in power wants to suppress or to exploit a group they do so by portraying that group as a fearsome enemy or a major problem of the society through lies and manufactured news items. These negative imagery’s are used to socially engineer a national consent that justifies attacking the group.
This same propaganda technique was used by Adolph Hitler to foster a nation consensual setting that allowed his heinous mistreatment of the Jews. Hitler’s propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels portrayed them as a fearsome enemy of German society through lies and manufactured news items. These negative imagery’s were used to justify their annihilation.
In the case of African Americans, they are being portrayed as the face of degradation in the American society as to socially engineer consent for their mistreatment and facilitate their exploitation through the private prison industry– that earns immense profits through the disproportionately higher incarcerations and longer sentencing of African Americans. These private prisons now even hold stocks on Wall Street and their Board of Directors lobby for changes in the law that would increase their profits. The enhances sentencing drug laws and three strike felon laws are the results of these efforts. Moreover, it also stimulates the American economy by creating more jobs within the prison industry.

People who try to maintain and create empires do it by manipulating the people that they are trying to conquer. They go out of their way to make sure that the people that theyre attempting to conquer is perpetually misled and manipulated. Therefore the conquered groups perception of reality is not their own. It is shrewdly imposed upon them without them even knowing it.
It is time that more African Americans wake up to these realities.
Certainly you have asked yourself why is that African Americans are so is inundated with negative imagery’s of themselves. It is so unrelenting that it leads many to embarrassingly ask themselves the questions of damn are we Blacks really that bad?
It is actually a mass media social manipulation program of where in which African Americans are being covertly psychologically conditioned-through a white controlled media that subjects them to seeing only the fraudulent worst in themselves. Its motto is Divide and conquer. It drills the message into the black psyche that we are powerless, of lesser moral, and intelligence and that we cannot govern ourselves therefore needs whites to govern over our lives. It is designed to totally detached African Americans from their sense of power and reality. Furthermore, it is all a massive lie. We are a powerful beautiful and extraordinary people.
The U.S. Government has an extensive history of conducting planned campaigns of extensive strategic psychological operations [based upon the works of Bernays] through the national media to influence and direct the perception and climate of the nation towards its governmental objectives. Given that the nineteen sixties were a period of massive black rebellion and unrest that eroded the American global image and increasingly placed the nations peace and stability in dire jeopardy and perhaps most particularly because the nations top sociologist and psychologist knew that those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. This quite logically necessitated that the U.S. Government employ these same pr oven methods of mass psychological manipulation against its entire African American population.
The U.S. Government now secretly deliberately disseminates false deplorably racially devaluing statistics and propaganda about its Black population that are deliberately designed to adversely manipulate and shape the minds and collective consciousness of its African American population– corrupting African Americans sense of unity, cohesion, and reason– and fostering a consensual national environment of where in which its Black population is more easily divided, exploited and ultimately suppressed. Given the white races unrivaled history and proclivity, for brutal racism, and greed of power, what else should have been expected, when they are in control of the media- the most powerful propaganda tool in the entire world.
When most people hear the term of psychological manipulation they usually think in terms of the classic “conspiracy theory” that refers to overt mind control such as mind altering drugs with carefully hypnotic programming. However, the real and true dangers are Bernays well proven methods of affecting the unconscious mind by using deception, and psychological manipulation. It is neither magical nor mystical, but a process that involves a set of basic social psychological principles. The constant relentless bombardment with deplorably negative images of themselves that of which African Americans are so inundated with, through a white controlled media, is a very carefully and deliberately designed psychological conditioning program. Its unrelenting daily assault on the Black psyche is designed to corrupt African Americans sense of racial unity and cohesion, mold the character of self-hatred, engender self-doubt, self-loathing, and distrust among their group. And while insinuating that Blacks admire, respect, and trust only Whites.
This method of psychological manipulation works by affecting the unconscious mind through deception. It uses the psychology of deceit to adversely affect the recipient group in terms of their behavior. Here is a simplified example of how this is being implemented against African Americans. Let us, for example, imagine that a crew of people was aboard their own massive ship and that this ship was being shadowed by another neighboring ship that was constantly broadcasting derogatory messages to the first group. Such messages as that their ship was lesser, smaller, not seaworthy, perhaps slowly sinking or that their crew was incompetent and was planning a mutiny.
With time, the group receiving the negative messages, being unable to refute or to confirm these derogatory messages and deficiencies will grow weary and paranoid of the negative messages and will eventually comes to accept these negative assessments of themselves. The perception created by the taunting now unconsciously influences how the taunted group perceives themselves, subsequently causing them to become distrustful of themselves, doubting themselves, hating themselves and, eventually, fighting among themselves. The taunted group may even become so besieged by deep feelings of inadequacy that they may even jump into the sea and attempt to swim towards the taunting ship now believing it to be superior to their own ship even if their own ship was in fact better. The basis of this concept of mind manipulation is that the human being’s most critical aspect is the mind and it works by affecting the mind through deception.
Within a real life setting this mortifying psychosocial treatment is precisely what is being deliberately done to African Americans through corporate owned and governmentally controlled media outlets that deliberately subjected them to seeing only the fraudulently worst in themselves.
This is done through an immense campaign of false derogatory misinformation and false negative media reports and statistics that are created by U.S. governmental agencies and then leaked to its collaborators in the news media, which either knowingly or unknowingly carry the stories as their own. These false information about African Americans are then disseminated unrelentingly everywhere; it is deliberately perpetuated through news releases in magazine articles, radio, television, press releases, documentaries, and false census reports perpetuating and framing the myth of Whites racial, moral, and ethical superiority over its Black population. However, the weapon is not in how the message is carried, but is instead within the messages that it carries and how these messages detrimentally affects the Black population at large.
The over representation of Black crimes and grossly exaggerated statistics of Black on Black violence within this psychosocial program are intentionally designed to create fear, hatred, and distrust thus molding the character of disunity and self-hatred among the Black community. [Blacks own personal negative experiences and interactions with their fellow Blacks then merely confirm the programs perpetuated message that it is they that are their own worst enemies]. The ultimately goal of this governmental psychosocial treatment of African Americans is to destroy the Black unity and cohesion that was historically the cornerstone of civil rights gains and that was a crucial factor of the survival of African Americans through more than four hundred years of racial oppression. [Logic dictates that given that unity and cohesion among African Americans was responsible for the demise of White Americas past system of blatant, institutionalized racism, then destroying this unity would be an essential objective of this psychological manipulation program.]
All African Americans have experienced the burden of this system of applied psychological conditioning, some more severely than others have. It is experienced every time we [Blacks] read a newspaper, watch the evening news, listen to a radio report, enter a classroom and read its racially biased textbooks.
To the detriment of many African Americans, it has been an extremely effective. It has successfully conditioned many African Americans to accept the dominance of Whites and white institutions over their lives by misleading them to believe that they are, themselves, their own worst enemies, therefore engendering an aberration of internalized self contempt that pulverizes Black unity and halts Black upward mobility. It is at the root of both the profound division and self hatred now afflicting so many Black Americans and is at the heart of internalized feelings of superiority that many whites possess.
All people, to some degree, are products of cultural conditions and their worldviews operate outside of their level of consciousness. Therefore, no group can be preconditioned to see only the worst in themselves and not exhibit some degree of negative psychological impact.
Not only does this massive governmental psychological manipulation campaign negatively impacts Blacks self perceptions, but it also provides a more socially acceptable way to assure that the masses of African Americans remains the most racially devalued and most economical exploited and suppressed group in America. The medias constant, fraudulently inaccurate, negative imagery of Black Americans is designed also to create a shift of victimization that changes the root problem of racism in America to be due to Blacks behavior rather than Whites proclivity for racism.
Therefore insinuates that America would be a better society as a whole if African Americans were gone, thus engendering increasingly prejudiced distorted perceptions and acrimonious beliefs about African Americans that are designed to makes the nation and the entire world insensitive to their plight, tranquilizes efforts on their behalf, lessens pressure for social change on their behalf, and makes any serious criticism of White racism almost impossible today. Therefore fostering a national setting of where in which Blacks are more easily exploited and ultimately consensually suppressed. Moreover, some studies have shown that this shift of victimization now reflects increasingly acrimonious beliefs and prejudiced perceptions about and against African Americans that are arguably stronger today than they were after emancipation.
This campaign creates a false justification for the legal systems mistreatment of African Americans wherein they are disproportionately incarcerated, given stiffer sentences, and are more likely than other racial groups to be treated brutally, beaten, and fired upon by police officers while they are unarmed. These injustices now goes ignored because the perception has subconsciously become that its all now justified. When contempt of Blacks is made to appear to be justifiable, it is the fiercest and most effective type of racism because its witnesses, bystanders, and even world audiences will sit by idly allowing African Americans to be brutally mistreated under the belief that it is justified.
This is what Dr. Edward Bernays referred to as engineering consent.
This governmental psychological conditioning program stripped African Americans of the national and international support that was acquired during the 1960’s civil rights struggles. It also today affects attitudes that when enacted through governmental policies, laws, and other legislation actions, serve to ensure that African Americans will not advance. Its effects are manifested in ideas, education, governmental policies, economic stratification, social segregation, housing markets, hiring and promotion practices, psychological issues, and minority access to a variety of social services and opportunity.
The present despairing state of Black America is neither a baffling phenomenon nor the result of some divine ethnic curse, but is rather instead the result of the White elites innate proclivity for reinventing devious methods to suppress its Black population.
The ultimate measure of a person is not where one stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where one stands in times of challenge and controversy:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

For more go to

www.Divine Blacktruth.org and order the book entitled ” The Black Matrix: The Modern Mental and Social Suppression of African Americans Under National Interest. (c)2006, 2008

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API

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Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

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Secret land deal that made Kenyatta first president

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

Mzee Jomo Kenyatta: He entered into a secret pact with the British government not to interfere with the skewed land distribution at independence. He would later extract a similar pledge from his successor, retired president Daniel arap Moi. Photo/FILE

ByKAMAU NG’OTHO

Fresh evidence pieced together by the Sunday Nation confirms widespread speculation that Kenyas first president Jomo Kenyatta entered a secret pact with the British government not to interfere with the skewed land distribution at independence.

In return, the British would clear his way as independent Kenyas first leader which looked impossible only three years to freedom. Kenyatta would later extract a similar pledge from his successor, retired president Daniel arap Moi.

The information is contained in the secret papers of the late Sir Michael Blundell, the white settler leader who acted as the go-between Kenyatta and the British government in sealing the deal.

It is corroborated in the secret notes of Kenyas second vice president, the late Joseph Murumbi deposited at the Kenya National Archives. The land question haunts the country to this day, an entire generation after Kenyattas death.

Early this year, the country was engulfed in the worst incident of bloodshed, displacements and destruction of property since independence.

Though the excuse for it was the disputed results of 2007 election, many agreed the underlying tinderbox was the historical disputes especially on the land issue.

The background to the secret pact is a memo Blundell wrote to then Kenyas colonial governor Malcolm MacDonald on the possible leader of independent Kenya after it was decided the country must be granted freedom in early 1960s.

Blundell zeroed in on four men. Tom Mboya who Blundell described as, a robust trade unionist and political schemer who had deep pockets, thanks to his American friends.

The second was the demagogic Oginga Odinga who held great charm with the rural African folk but was clearly in the payroll of the Soviets.

Ronald Ngala was the third man and who Blundell described as an eccentric coastal preferred by the settlers and supported by the small ethnic communities, but who could not muster enough numbers to hold the new country together.

The last possibility, wrote Blundell, was Jomo Kenyatta who he described as the wild card of native politics in the colony.

Kenyatta was in prison at the time on charges of managing the outlawed Mau Mau movement.

Compromise candidate

Blundell recommended Kenyatta as the possible compromise candidate who could bring together the two major African blocs headed by Mboya and Odinga and probably reach out to the minority group led by Ronald Ngala and Daniel arap Moi.

On the basis of Blundells assessment, the colonial governor sought permission from London to quietly explore the possibility of Kenyatta as first leader of independent Kenya.

The reply came fast.

In a cable to the governor, the colonial secretary, Mr Reginald Maudling, said upon consultation with the new prime minister, Harold MacMillan, it had been decided that the possibility of Jomo Kenyatta as leader of independent Kenya be looked at without any delay.

He went on to say that given Kenyattas exalted status as a freedom fighter arising from the Kapenguria trial, he would be the best person to unite the new country but only if he could personally give assurance that he had abandoned the extremist anti-white views he held before his imprisonment.

The colonial secretary said it was particularly important that Kenyattas position be known on the question of the white settlers in colonial Kenya and what economic policies he would adapt in the event he became the first leader of the independent nation.

He suggested that Sir Michael Blundell be assigned the job of assessing the possibility of working with Kenyatta.

Blundell was immediately dispatched to Lowdar where Kenyatta was held.

After a couple of secret meetings and where Blundell reported positive progress, Kenyatta was re-located to, in the words of Blundell, a decent home in Mararal where he could be with his family, have a library and once in a while take a glass of his favourite wine.

In a secret memo to the colonial secretary, governor MacDonald talked of great success by Blundell and recommended that Kenyatta be set free the soonest possible so that he could take his rightful place as leader of the new Kenya.

He noted that an earlier assertion by his predecessor, governor Patrick Rension, that Kenyatta was a leader unto death and darkness was based on failure to talk to Kenyatta and gossip by a few paranoid white settlers.

Secret agreement

That Kenyatta made a secret agreement with Blundell comes out clearly in the notes of former vice president Joseph Murumbi.

He relates an incident in London a few months to Kenyas independence during the final Lancaster House Constitution talks.

During one of the discussions at the plenary, Kenyatta had made a blistering attack on the departing colonialists and indicated that their place in independent Kenya would very much depend on their readiness to admit liability on past mistakes and be ready to work with the African government in effecting immediate reforms.

Murumbi reckons that while Kenyattas statement went down well with radical Africans, the whites saw red in what was a clear indication that the fire-spitting Kenyatta of early years had not disappeared.

On the very night, Blundell who was a delegate at the conference asked Kenyatta out for secret consultations. Murumbi and Kenyattas life-long confidant, the late Mbiyu Koinange, accompanied the latter to the meeting.

Murumbi records that Blundell went straight to the point.

He told Kenyatta that the British prime minister as well as the colonial governor in Nairobi had taken great exception to his remarks at the Lancaster Talks and considered it a complete about-turn from what they had agreed to at Lowdar and in Mararal.

He said that much as he appreciated that Kenyatta had to talk tough to appease his supporters who did not want to hear about any compromise with the whites, any hard line position could only elicit the same reaction from the other groups and which could lead to a stalemate at the Lancaster Talks.

Exact content

After a long reflection, notes Murumbi, Kenyatta said he had not negated the agreement made with Blundell at Lowdar and Mararal but explained that he had been provoked by white speakers and their African supporters at the Lancaster who were talking as if they did not accept that black people would be the ones to decide the destiny of the country after independence.

A hint on the exact content in the secret pact reached between Kenyatta and the colonialists can be glimpsed from Murumbi notes on a meeting held between him, Kenyatta, Oginga Odinga and Dr Munyua Waiyaki on August 16, 1964 in regard to growing agitation over the land question a year after independence.

The three particularly sought Kenyattas position on the redistribution of the 10 million acres of arable land occupied by white settlers.

Kenyatta, writes Murumbi, told the three that his hands were tied as he had committed himself to the white settlers that all land in the country would change hands only on willing seller, willing buyer basis.

Another entry in Murumbi notes just before he resigned as vice president in 1966 expresses disappointment that President Kenyatta had no political will to direct the Settler Transfer Fund (STF) to benefit millions of landless Africans as had been stated in the Kanu manifesto at independence.

Instead, Murumbi noted, the STF scheme had been hijacked by few African elites who were loaning themselves money meant for the landless and acquiring huge tracts of land at the expense of the majority poor.

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Published by African Press International – api/Source.nation.ke

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Govt committed to reforms, says Kibaki

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

President Kibaki and US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in New York. Photo/PPS

ByPPS

In Summary

  • President Kibaki has held talks with US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice at his hotel room in New York.
  • He briefed Ms Rice on the progress Kenya is making since the signing of the National Accord.

President Kibaki has held talks with US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice at his hotel room in New York.

The President briefed the Secretary of State on the progress Kenya is making since the signing of the National Accord early this year.

He assured Ms Rice that the Grand Coalition Government was working for the people of Kenya and had begun the process of entrenching reforms especially in light of the report compiled by the Independent Review Commission headed by Justice Johann Kriegler.

President Kibaki said his government and parliament had prioritised several crucial bills to pave way for the enactment of a new constitution, the establishment of Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission, Ethnic Relations Bill and implementation of comprehensive electoral reforms.

The Government is committed to implementing comprehensive land reforms policies as well as the resettlement of all internal refugees to enable them resume their normal lives, said President Kibaki.

Ms Rice said the US will support the resettlement of the internal refugees in various parts of the country.

She said that through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) the US government would also support Kenya in programmes aimed at mitigating the effects of the drought being experienced in arid and semi-arid parts of the country.

The meeting was attended by Foreign Affairs minister Moses Wetangula, Attorney General Amos Wako and Kenyas Ambassador to United States Peter Ogego and other senior government officials.

The US Secretary of State was accompanied by the Director of U.S. Foreign Assistance, Henrietta Fore and the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Jendayi Frazer.

Meanwhile, President Kibaki will Wednesday afternoon address the United Nations General Assembly that opened on Tuesday.

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API/Source.source.,nation.ke

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Kenya: Evicting the Kalenjins from Mau Forest is ODM’s priority and Agriculture Minister Ruto, A Kalenjin himself will ensure safe evictions, he says

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

Mau evictions a threat to ODM unity

Written By:George Kithuka

The debate on the resettlement of people living inside the Mau Forest seems to have taken a political dimension that has shaken the unity of the ODM party.

Prime Minister Raila Odinga, who has been fronting for the removal of the encroachers in order to conserve Mau forest, has met stiff opposition from some of his MPs from the Rift Valley.

The MPs including William Ruto, Isaac Ruto, Franklin Bett and Joshua Kutuny have publicly differed with their party leader.

The matter turned ugly when the Chepalungu MP Isaac Ruto was allegedly reported to be campaigning for a rival candidate in the Sotik by-election set for Thursday.

Ruto has teamed up with civic leaders in campaigning for UDM’s candidate Alexander Sitienei while claiming ODM was imposing leaders on the people in total disregard of democratic principles.

But Raila maintains that destruction of Mau must be terminated through relocation that would be facilitated amicably by the government.

He has cautioned leaders not to politicize the matter and threatened to expose those who amassed huge chunks of forest land for themselves if they did not shut up.

On Monday Agriculture Minister William Ruto insisted no one would be evicted from the forest until they are compensated by the government.

Speaking when he campaigned for ODM’s parliamentary candidate in Bomet, Beatrice Kones, Ruto said he would take personal responsibility for the eviction of 15 000 families from the forest which is a major water catchment area in the country.

Ruto however warns that the issue of the evictions should not be tied to the Bomet and Sotic by-elections but should be handled soberly to ensure people do not suffer unnecessarily.

And with the official opposition bill looming in parliament, the Mau storm in ODM provides another test to the prime minister’s political acumen on whether he can strike a balance between political survival and national interest.

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API/Source.kbc.ke

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PM Raila Odinga and Kimunya – former finance minister was duly informed after all, of the controversial sale of Regency Hotel

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

CBK informed PM of Grand sale-Governor

Written By:Collins Anampiu


Was Prime Minister Raila Odinga briefed on the urgency and subsequent sale of the Grand Regency hotel?

Yes, according to Central Bank Governor Njuguna Ndung’u.

Ndung’u says that on April 23 this year, the PM and former finance minister Amos Kimunya, were brought up to date with the process of the sale and were further informed of the urgency to dispose the property by the Central Bank.

In his second day at the witness stand Ndung’u confirmed notifying the two of the urgency to sell the hotel as a going concern.

The governor told the commission he was the one negotiating the price of the hotel with the Libyan company and based his final price on the valuation made by various valuers enlisted by CBK.

However it emerged that CBK had offered an opening price of 53 million dollars against the Libyan company’s 33 million dollars with both parties settling at 45 million dollars.

He said negotiations of the sale with the Libyan government were based on the request by the government as contained in an MOU signed between the Kenyan and Libyan governments.

The issue of transfer came up yet again with the governor saying the reason CBK did not transfer the hotel to its name and the subsequent rushed and confidential sale was to avoid litigations that had for 15 years bogged the bank’s efforts to sell the hotel.

Ndung’u told the Justice Majid Cockar-led commission that the bank had prior to the disposalsought to sell the property for over 15 years but was unable to do so following a number of both criminal and civil cases filed in court.

Hesaidthe bank saw the need to conclude the transaction speedily when the opportunity arose.

The witness’s testimony concurredwith that of CBK’s Legal Director Peter Abuga whoearlier told the commission that the exercise was conducted expeditiously to ensure there were no legal obstacles that would obstruct the sale.

Ndung’u denied that the transaction was conducted secretively saying it was done confidentially but not in a secret manner since all relevant parties were consulted before the deal was settled.

“My Lords we were comfortable because this was a government-to-government transaction and therefore we were sure to get an acceptable offer to CBK from a friendly government,” he said.

“The Ministerfor Finance told us to dispose of the hotel at the earliest time possible after we got the relinquishing order in April,” he added.

The Governor also told the commissioners that CBK has not been paid any money for the hotel and thatup to now Ksh 341 million was still being held by CBK’s agent and would be subjected to an audit in an exercise where the agent will account for every penny.

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API/Source.kbc.ke

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To the Editor: My opinion on the Akamba people of Kenya

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

A new comment on the post #9250 “Kenya’s Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka: His power-base is to be crumbling due to his political competitors from home region” is waiting for your approval
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Author : Christine Kioko (IP: 41.190.93.217 , 41.190.93.217)
E-mail : christinekioko@ymail.com
URL :
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Comment:
However, the problem with the “Akamba” community is that they have been playing second fiddle to Kikuyus for a very, very long time and this is manifested in the appointment of Ms. Stella Kilonzo as the Chief Executive of the Capital Markets Authority. Of course the Vice President Hon. Stephen Kalonzo is priding himself and smiling with glee of having influenced the appointment of a daughter of the “Akamba” in one of the most powerful jobs in the land. He is very mistaken!!!!

What Hon. Kalonzo does not know is that by making Ms. Stella Kilonzo Chief executive of the Capital markets Authority the disgraced Finance Minister Amos Kimunya was hitting two birds with one stone. As a reknown Casanova he was bedding a naive, gullible, vulnerable, greedy, power hungry but beautiful young educated Kamba sexpot and at the same riding on the back of the “Akamba” community by telling them that they were equal partners in sharing in what is the pie of the socio-political economy of Kenya.

It is therefore not surprising that the Mt. Kenya Mafia through the Party of National Unity (PNU) have now latched on Hon. Kalonzo party leader of the ODMK Akamba Party as their anointed Presidential candidate come the 2012 general elections. The intention of the Mt. Kenya Mafia is not noble at all, it is not borne from a genuine desire to help the “Akamba” ascend the highest office in the land – the Presidency, it is for their own benefit.

The Kikuyus are sly, wily, crafty and cunning wheeler-dealers, who will not hesitate to cut a deal with the devil incarnate if that can assure them of remaining at the driving seat of the Kenyan socio-political economy. The Kikuyus have an aptitude for destereouxly deceiving the Akamba for centuries by lulling their suspicion and have continued to use the Akamba who are a marginalised poverty-stricken community to ride and break their backs in order to attain their desired end. They did this with the maverick Hon. Paul Ngei who fell from grace to grass and died a bankrupt disabled pauper and they will this time do it to Hon. Stephen Kalonzo!!!!!

In the case of the PNU alliance with ODMK, Hon. Kalonzo is too gullible and very, very hungry for power that he has already swallowed the bait hook, line and sinker believing that the Mt. Kenya Mafia will use their vast resources and perceived numbers to make him President of Kenya come 2012. What a greedy fool Hon Kalonzo is. Just like the proverbial Hyena.. Tamaa iliua Fisi.. alimeza mawe iliyopakwa damu akifikiri ni mnofu wa nyama na pale pale alipigwa mkuki na kufa!!!!!

It is very clear that at the beginning of the 2007 Kalonzo was leading the Presidential race by all accounts. The ODM fratenity called for a democratic system for choosing the Presidential candidate. However, in July 2007 the Mt. Kenya Mafia lured Hon. Kalonzo and succeeded to break-up the ODM party. After the elections Hon. Kalonzo as greedy as a spotted hyena “mbiti” was lured with a piece of bone and he fell for the ruse and rushed to become Vice President thus demonstrating his greed for power. Hon. Kalonzo has now turned to witchcraft, in order to ascend the presidency he has agreed to sleep with the devil. To Hon. Kalonzo the end justifies the means!!!!!!!!

The “Akambas” nay all Kenyans must learn what Conel Richard Meinertzhargen who led a punitive expedition to pacify the “Kikuyu” in March 1904 to accept British colonial power noted that the “Kikuyu” are the most treacherous African tribe he had come accross in the whole continent who are very susceptible to deceit and he predicted a lot of trouble coming from the “Kikuyu” in the development and growth of Kenya as an African Nation.

These words were uttered over 100 years ago and they remain true even today. The real character of the “Kikuyu” is their love for money..mbeca oohmbeca..It is therefore not surprising that the Kikuyus will go to any lengths to get moneycheat, steal, maim, kill you name it. They will kill their own mother to get money!!!!! The popular saying in Kenya, which the “Kikuyu” are proud of says that if you want to know a true “Kikuyu” just go to a mortuary and drop some coins and at the sound of the coin a true “Kikuyu-Karing’a” will rise from the dead to claim their money!!!!!!!

How true this is because in the whole country, “Kikuyus” have become professional career thieves, robbing people of their hard earned money without abandon. Indeed, in the whole of East and Central Africa the “Kikuyu” have gained notoriety for organizing the most daring Bank Robberies. Their reputation has preceded Kenyans in foreign lands where it is said that in the streets of Nairobi one should be careful otherwise a “Kikuyu” will cut off your hand to steal your watch or cut off your ears to steal your earing. It is just recently when they stole Predidential elections. Need we say more.

Forget about Justice Krieglers findings on the Electoral Commission of Kenya. The elections were stolen and Jutice Kriegler and his team have been paid a lot of money to cover up and come up with the most absurd findings. Justice kriegler says that nobody on earth can ever tell who won the presidential elections in December 2007″.

What Justice kriegler is telling the world is that he has covered it up good for the Kikuyus and now it is only God the almighty up in Heaven who can actually say that Hon. Kibaki with the help of Mt. Kenya Mafia stole the elections. Justice kriegler has with the stroke of a pen legitimized the stolen elections. Very, very teacherous and deceitful.

What Justice Kriegler fell short of saying is that time has come for the Kikuyus to change their treacherous and deceitful character and behaviour in order to fit into the fabric of a true Kenyan Nation, otherwise they stand to be ostracised and isolated by other Kenyans. After all the Kikuyus and their closest cousins the Aembus and Amerus constitute a mere 20% minority of the Kenyan population. If the 80% majority of the Kenyans population unites against the “Kikuyus” they will never taste the Presidency ever again until they change their thieving character and deceitful behaviour!!!!!

I call upon my tribesemen the Akamba led by Hon Kalonzo Musyoka not to fall to the “Kikuyu” ruse because the Kikuyus will climb and break our backs just like they are doing to Ms. Stella Kilonzo the Chief Executive of the capital markets Authority. They continue to strengthen and solidify their stranglehold over the Kenyan socio-political economy, forever and ever, AMEN.

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API

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My opinion on perfomance contracts

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

“Judges should sign performance contracts”

In his article appearing recently in the Sunday Nation, Hon Mulula Kilonzo posits that contacts alone would not add value to the performance at the Judiciary.

With all due respect, I beg to differ.

I want to believe that by signing the performance contracts, the Judges would simply be submitting their expected outputs to the public without shedding their independence. They owe this to the public just as much as we vouch for their independence. You do not in any way subjugate the independence of your office by letting the public know what they expect from your office.

As it stands now, the public do not know the time frame by which to expect judgement in any given case. Once a case has been filed, even simple cases can drag on for ever. I bet the public ought to have some time frame and this can form part of the performance contracts. If the Judges are subjected to scrutiny, these cases that drag on without closure for ever will save the litigants the high costs of such long periods.

In my opinion, time frame for which a case should be determined will do 4 things;

1] Will reduce the kind of congestion that we currently have at the Judiciary,

2] Make the cost of Justice affordable

3] Make litigants know when to expect Judgement in any given case filed

4] Make lawyers more effective.

When the public have a clear time frame within which to expect judgement in their cases, we will say goodbye to laziness at the Judiciary for judges will be alert and on top of issues. With such alertness, the Judiciary will dispense justice on time and we will have no more back log of cases.

If we have a definite time frame with which to expect judgement, the costs of litigation to the litigants will come down drastically. As it were now, you spend hell on earth as the lawyers keep talking too and fro on mundane matters, some very alien to the matter in court. The end cost is that the lawyers are at peace with the current mess in the Judiciary, for, therein lies their daily bread.

With a clear time frame, the lawyers will charge on the merit of the case in question and more so as per their billing schedules. This will make the best lawyers have as many clients while the funny ones will be weeded out on their own incompetence.

It is morally wrong for a Judge to come to court daily and dispense no justice. This leads to more congestion as new cases are filed on a daily basis. The public expects that as new cases are filed, old ones are dispensed with. Simpler cases ought to be heard and judgement given on the same day. Only then will the current back log be cleared.

The lethargy and I-donʼt-care attitude amongst the Judges is what has led to the current sorry state at the Judiciary. Because the public does not know by when to expect judgement in their cases, Judges tend to take advantage. And therein broods corruption and corrupt tendencies which might make a Judge pass questionable judgement.

With performance contracts, the public would know the output of each Judge as their Independence remains respected so long as they dispense justice based on the law. This will also not reduce their guard against abuse of power by the ruling elite. But as things stand now, we cannot pretend that the Chief Justice is not held hostage by the Presidency, his appointing authority.

This kind of hostage is manifested by the speed by which the current Chief Justice had President Kibaki sworn in amidst claims of electoral irregularities. If we had an Independent Judiciary, there could have been no haste. The law should have taken its course, and no Kenyan would have died.

Facts are as clear as snow that with the said Independence at the Judiciary, corruption is still running amok in Kenya. Will Kenyans be happy to remain in this state where our Judiciary makes Kenya the safest haven for the corrupt?

It is a known fact that justice in Kenya in most cases is not dispensed on the gravity of the law. Most justice is dispensed on the need-to-know basis and this is why most cases are overturned at the Court of Appeal. If Judges in the lower courts are subjected to known performance outputs, they would not waste the time for the litigants into long drawn search for justice while they know from the onset which side of their bread is buttered.

If the law is the same, its application is the same and the Judges all took the same course, why would their interpretation on simple litigation be different?

What makes the difference is the integrity and competence of individual Judges. We have some who hold their persons in high esteem and as such, would pass impeccable judgement. In the same vain, we have some judges who are canons for hire. To this lot, subjecting them to performance contracts is the best way out.

In my study of judicial jurisprudence, I have seen cases where the judgement meted out suggests a draw. I have seen a case where the Judge found fault with the respondent, yet failed to award the prayers sought by the appellant. Could this have been a case where the Judge abdicated his duty and sought refuge in the maze that is the Judiciary?

These are the whimsical kind of judgement that bring disrepute to the integrity of the Judiciary as they waste the times for both the litigants and the lawyers. As he wastes the time for all, he walks smiling to his bank every end of the month, at the cost of the tax payers who expect better service delivery from him.

It calls for a performance contract.

I do not believe that the Kenyan Judiciary as it stands now is truly transparent and accountable. It could be transparent and accountable to all those who are hell bent on defeating the course of justice. How would you say it is transparent and accountable when the poor and down trodden are denied justice on account of their social stations, while thieves, pimps and charlatans make merry all day long?

It is my considered view that something is not adding up at the Judiciary. Judges drone as they pass judgement which most litigants do not hear nor understand. Is it a crime for our Judges to talk loudly and clearly for the benefit of all in court? Or is it a crime to dispense with straight forward cases out rightly?

Cases abound of aborted justice. Just like a Doctor amputating the wrong leg then ultimately coming to terms with his missed diagnosis, he amputates the right leg. The end result is that the patient ends with no legs, courtesy of the Doctor. Same with litigants, they loose both legs in the quest for justice in Kenya.

When a Judge gives a suspect ruling, it does not matter that peer review comes down the line vide the Court of Appeal. The damage has been done and despite the requisite compensation given out 10 years down the line by the Court of Appeal, the damage has been done. You cannot claim back the lost time.

What must come down with this peer review is appropriate punishment meted out to the Judge who miscarried justice to the litigant. He must be made to meet the full gravity of the law and pay the person whom he caused delayed justice. His act could have been intentional at the time, or for short term gains. Letting him scott free is not the best way out. It encourages other Judges to similarly abort justice to many other litigants.

As it is now, we have no mechanism for punishing wayward Judges who misapply the law.

But on the whole, I do agree that the selection of the Judges should be open to public scrutiny and parliamentary vetting and should be on a competitive basis. The current system where Judges are appointed in return or in anticipation of favours in itself erodes the purported belief of the Independence of the Judiciary.

The public as the tax payer ought to know what they pay the Judges for. We can only see this output in the number of cases dispensed with on a daily basis competently.

By Odhiambo T Oketch, Komarock Nairobi

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API

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Kenya: Secret land deal made Kenyatta first president

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

Nairobi (Kenya) – Fresh evidence pieced together by the Sunday Nation confirms widespread speculation that Kenya’s first president Jomo Kenyatta entered a secret pact with the British government not to interfere with the skewed land distribution at independence.

In return, the British would clear his way as independent Kenya’s first leader which looked impossible only three years to freedom. Kenyatta would later extract a similar pledge from his successor, retired president Daniel arap Moi.

The information is contained in the secret papers of the late Sir Michael Blundell, the white settler leader who acted as the go-between Kenyatta and the British government in sealing the deal.

It is corroborated in the secret notes of Kenya’s second vice president, the late Joseph Murumbi deposited at the Kenya National Archives. The land question haunts the country to this day, an entire generation after Kenyatta’s death.

Early this year, the country was engulfed in the worst incident of bloodshed, displacements and destruction of property since independence.

Though the excuse for it was the disputed results of 2007 election, many agreed the underlying tinderbox was the historical disputes especially on the land issue.

The background to the secret pact is a memo Blundell wrote to then Kenya’s colonial governor Malcolm MacDonald on the possible leader of independent Kenya after it was decided the country must be granted freedom in early 1960s.

Blundell zeroed in on four men. Tom Mboya who Blundell described as, “a robust trade unionist and political schemer who had deep pockets, thanks to his American friends”.

The second was the “demagogic Oginga Odinga who held great charm with the rural African folk but was clearly in the payroll of the Soviets”.

Ronald Ngala was the third man and who Blundell described as “an eccentric coastal preferred by the settlers and supported by the small ethnic communities, but who could not muster enough numbers to hold the new country together”.

The last possibility, wrote Blundell, was Jomo Kenyatta who he described as “the wild card of native politics in the colony”.

Kenyatta was in prison at the time on charges of managing the outlawed Mau Mau movement.

Blundell recommended Kenyatta as the “possible compromise candidate who could bring together the two major African blocs headed by Mboya and Odinga and probably reach out to the minority group led by Ronald Ngala and Daniel arap Moi”.

On the basis of Blundell’s assessment, the colonial governor sought permission from London to quietly explore the possibility of Kenyatta as first leader of independent Kenya.

The reply came fast.

In a cable to the governor, the colonial secretary, Mr Reginald Maudling, said upon consultation with the new prime minister, Harold MacMillan, it had been decided that “the possibility of Jomo Kenyatta as leader of independent Kenya be looked at without any delay”.

He went on to say that given Kenyatta’s exalted status as a freedom fighter arising from the Kapenguria trial, he would be the best person to unite the new country “but only if he could personally give assurance that he had abandoned the extremist anti-white views he held before his imprisonment”.

The colonial secretary said it was particularly important that Kenyatta’s position be known on the question of the white settlers in colonial Kenya and what economic policies he would adapt in the event he became the first leader of the independent nation.

He suggested that Sir Michael Blundell be assigned the job of assessing the possibility of working with Kenyatta.

Blundell was immediately dispatched to Lowdar where Kenyatta was held.

After a couple of secret meetings and where Blundell reported “positive progress”, Kenyatta was re-located to, in the words of Blundell, a decent home in Mararal “where he could be with his family, have a library and once in a while take a glass of his favourite wine”.

In a secret memo to the colonial secretary, governor MacDonald talked of “great success by Blundell” and recommended that Kenyatta be “set free the soonest possible so that he could take his rightful place as leader of the new Kenya”.

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API/Source.The Nation (Kenya) – September 22, 2008.

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Mbeki ouster may nudge Mugabe to act quickly on new Cabinet

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

Harare (Zimbabwe) – The ouster of South African President Thabo Mbeki could weaken his mediating role in crisis-torn Zimbabwe but may also nudge Robert Mugabe to quickly agree to a power-sharing cabinet with the opposition before a new leadership settles in Pretoria, analysts said.

Mbeki was forced to resign at the weekend, just five months before the end of his term, clearing the way for Jacob Zuma who has openly criticised Mugabe while his main backers in South Africas COSATU labour movement have long called for a tougher approach towards the Zimbabwean leader.

Mbeki pulled a foreign policy coup when he successfully mediated a political settlement between Mugabe and his chief political rival, Morgan Tsvangirai, who leads the larger group of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party.

But the deal, which was signed on September 15 amid hope by millions of struggling Zimbabweans, could yet unravel as Mugabe, Tsvangirai, and their negotiators have failed to agree on the allocation of Cabinet ministries.

Robert Mugabe will be wise to reach a settlement with the MDC because the longer he takes the more he is likely to come under pressure from the new South African leadership, John Makumbe a University of Zimbabwe senior political science lecturer said.

Makumbe said some leaders in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which appointed Mbeki as mediator, viewed Mbeki as not doing enough to pressure Mugabe to end his political excesses.

The MDC has previously said it had no confidence in Mbekis mediation efforts while Mugabes ZANU-PF has rallied behind him.

Mugabe has come under pressure from ruling party hawks to try regain lost ground in the talks and is demanding that his ZANU PF party takes control of all key ministries. Under the political agreement, his party is entitled to 15 cabinet posts, Tsvangirais MDC 13 and a rebel opposition faction three seats.

MDC officials say Mugabe can take control of defence and state security, now a department in the presidency, but in return would want home affairs, which controls the police and the key finance ministry to re-assure donors it will influence economic policy.

Political analysts said while SADC was likely to keep Mbeki as mediator in Zimbabwe, his standing would now be significantly weakened.

He is significantly weaker now without the presidency and this will be tested if he is asked to resolve the deadlock over the allocation of ministries, Eldred Masunungure, a leading political commentator said.

But I believe Mugabe is noticing that the bells have tolled for Thabo Mbeki and there is no reason why they should not toll for him. He (Mugabe) would be advised to settle for a deal now, Masunungure said.

Zimbabweans are in the grips of a serious economic crisis, shown by the worlds highest inflation, unemployment and shortages ranging from food, fuel and foreign currency. The political deal had brought hope in the former prosperous country.
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API/Source.ZimOnline (Zimbabwe/UK), by Tafadzwa Mutasa – September 22, 2008.

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South Africa: “Mbeki lost the ANC to himself”

Posted by African Press International on September 24, 2008

Johannesburg (South Africa) – President Thabo Mbeki tried to win the world for the ANC and lost the ANC to himself, said the Christian Democratic Alliance on Monday.

“A Head of State’s first responsibility is towards his own people and country,” the CDA said in a statement. “Mbeki neglected his party and duplicated the role of the minister of foreign affairs”.

The CDA, consisting among others the Christian Democratic Party, said Mbeki was notorious for his absence in parliament and travelled more often that the president of the United States.

It said the “mini-revolution” that took place in the ANC, resulting in Mbeki’s resignation, damaged South Africa.

“The good work he has done is nullified by the perception created that the country is just another African state where political instability is at the order of the day,” the statement read.

Mbeki’s legacy will be that he failed to alleviate the poverty, that he created the economic conditions for the material enrichment of a small number of the black elite, the alliance said.

Meanwhile, UDM leader Bantu Holomisa accused the ANC of being “blinded by arrogance” to even tell nation that Cabinet’s decision to appeal against Judge Nicholson’s ruling which was part of the context for the decision to push Mbeki out of office.

There were fears that the appeal would re-open the rifts in their midst.

The South African Chamber of Commerce (SACCI) and Industry said its trusts that the new leadership would be speedily resolved to minimise the uncertainty that might surround the transition

Wishing Mbeki “a well future”, SACCI CEO Neren Rau welcomed the ANC’s decision to retain Trevor Manual in his current portfolio as Minister of Finance.

In an open letter of thanks to Mbeki, the Federation of SA trade Unions noted with concern at the recall decision and Mbeki’s subsequent resignation.

Fedusa said it was particularly respectful of the dignified manner

in which he conducted himself through this difficult time, saying it admired Mbeki for the work done in Africa and the rest of the world to promote democracy, peace and stability.

“We call on all citizens and leaders of various organisations to refrain from making irresponsible media statements which could be detrimental to the good progress that was made and thereby undermine stability, economic certainty and peace in our country,” the statement read. – Sapa
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API/source.Sapa (South Africa) – September 22, 2008.

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