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Archive for September 21st, 2008

U.S government’s mass manipulation of Black America

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Dear Brothers and Sisters,
The reasonI am socommitted tosending out so many ofthese articles coveringthe
U.S government’s mass manipulation of Black America is because in order toliberate ourselves from this problem more of us haveto become aware of it.Mysubmittedarticles are not about being victims they’re aboutbeing empoweredthrough gained knowledge. The information in these articles has a function in that it engenders a resurrection of lost Black self love and self confidence. Becauseupon truly accepting its disclosed truth, about what is actually being done to us,the Black recipient is then forcedto rethink and put aside his indoctrinated negative perceptions of his race – [those same perceptions that now stifles our unification and demandfor actions] It also causesits Black recipient to againrealize or remember the true underlying relationship sharedbetween they and the white world. Furthermore,it also empowers Black peoplethrough the realizationthat the problem effecting them is not because they’re inferior, nor a divine racial curse, butis insteadthe result of thescience of social engineering.–therefore can be countered.
The greater the number of Blacks that are aware of these manipulation schemes against them the lesser is its effectiveness. These are not merely the words of an idealistfool that believes that Blacks are going to read the information and miraculously change. These words areaffirmed by research, education, history itself and even bythose literatures written bythose very same white propaganda specialists whose research and techniques arenowusing it against us.
The objective here is to therefore create a global campaign to make the information of social engineering through mental manipulation more commonly known through outthe entire Black world.I am therefore asking that you all join me in disseminating this much need information to our people. I ask that you please forward my articles to your contacts while asking that they also do the same.
I sincerely believe that are liberation from despair is profoundly dependent upon such necessary actions. For as the late South African anti apartheid activistStephen Biko
puts it; thepower of proper information can never beunder-estimated.
Please forward the following information. Lets do this !
The ultimate measure of a person is not where one stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where one stands in times of challenge and controversy:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Culturesthat create andmaintainempires do it by manipulating the people that they are trying to conquer. They go out of their way to make sure that the people that theyre attempting to conquer is perpetually misled and manipulated. Therefore the conquered groups perception of reality is not their own. It is shrewdly imposed upon them without them even knowing it.
When these same cultureswants to suppress or to exploit a particular group they do so by portraying that group as a fearsome enemy or a major problem of the society through lies and manufactured news items. This negative imagery’s are used to socially engineer a national consent that justifies the mistreatment ofthe group.Suchpropaganda technique was also used by Adolph Hitler to foster a nation consensual setting that allowed his heinous mistreatment of the Jews. Hitler’s propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels portrayed them as a fearsome enemy of German society through lies and manufactured news items. This negative imagery’s were used to justify their annihilation.
Thesemethods of maintaining power through the usage of propaganda and manipulation practices have been used consistently, particularly through out Europeanhistory, for many centuries. America is in now an exception to this rule and it is time that moreAfrican Americanswake up to thisreality.
ITS TIME TO WAKE UP!
TodayAfrican Americansare being falsely portrayed as the face of crime and degradation in the American society as to socially engineer their consensual suppression and exploitation as a means of maintaining white dominance and control in the United States.
Certainly you have asked yourself why is that African Americans are so is inundated with negative imagery’s of themselves. It is so unrelenting that it leads many to embarrassingly ask themselves the questions of damn are we Blacks really that awful?
It is actually a mass media social manipulation program of where in which African Americans are being covertly psychologically conditioned-through a white controlled media that subjects them to seeing only the fraudulent worst in themselves. Its motto is to divide and conquer. It drills the message into the black psyche that we are powerless, of lesser moral, and intelligence and that we cannot govern ourselves therefore needs whites to govern over our lives. It is designed to totally detached African Americans from their sense of power and reality. It alsoportrays that the problem of racism in America is due to Black behavior rather than whites proclivity for racism thereforeproducinga societal shift of victimization in behalf of within whites that fosters a national setting where Black mistreatment is deemed justified.
According to Dr Edward Bernays, one of Americas most renowned propaganda specialists and consultant to many U.S. presidents; This method of social manipulation is an important element in a democratic society, and that those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country.
The U.S. Government has an extensive history of conducting planned campaigns of extensive strategic psychological operations [based upon the works of Bernays] through the national media to influence and direct the perception and climate of the nation towards its governmental objectives. Given that the nineteen sixties were a period of massive black rebellion and unrest that eroded the American global image and increasingly placed the nations peace and stability in dire jeopardy and perhaps most particularly because the nations top sociologist and psychologist knew that those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. This quite logically necessitated that the U.S. Government employ these same pr oven methods of mass psychological manipulation against its entire African American population.
The U.S. Government now secretly deliberately disseminates false deplorably racially devaluing statistics and propaganda about its Black population that are deliberately designed to adversely manipulate and shape the minds and collective consciousness of its African American population– corrupting African Americans sense of unity, cohesion, and reason– and fostering a consensual national environment of where in which its Black population is more easily divided, exploited and ultimately suppressed. Given the white races unrivaled history and proclivity, for brutal racism, and greed of power, what else should have been expected, when they are in control of the media- the most powerful propaganda tool in the entire world.
When most people hear the term of psychological manipulation they usually think in terms of the classic “conspiracy theory” that refers to overt mind control such as mind altering drugs with carefully hypnotic programming. However, the real and true dangers are Bernays well proven methods of affecting the unconscious mind by using deception, and psychological manipulation. It is neither magical nor mystical, but a process that involves a set of basic social psychological principles.
The constant relentless bombardment with deplorably negative images of themselves that of which African Americans are so inundated with, through a white controlledmedia, is a very carefully and deliberately designed psychological conditioning program. Its unrelenting daily assault on the Black psycheis designed to corrupt African Americans sense of racialunity and cohesion, mold the character of self-hatred, engender self-doubt, self-loathing, and distrust among their group. And while insinuating that Blacks admire, respect, and trust only Whites.
This method of psychological manipulation works by affecting the unconscious mind through deception. It uses the psychology of deceit to adversely affect the recipient group in terms of their behavior. Here is a simplified example of how this is being implemented against African Americans. Let us, for example, imagine that a crew of people was aboard their own massive ship and that this ship was being shadowed by another neighboring ship that was constantly broadcasting derogatory messages to the first group. Such messages as that their ship was lesser, smaller, not seaworthy, perhaps slowly sinking or that their crew was incompetent and was planning a mutiny. With time, the group receiving the negative messages, being unable to refute or to confirm these derogatory messages and deficiencies will grow weary and paranoid of the negative messages and will eventually comes to accept these negative assessments of themselves. The perception created by the taunting now unconsciously influences how the taunted group perceives themselves, subsequently causing them to become distrustful of themselves, doubting themselves, hating themselves and, eventually, fighting among themselves. The taunted group may even become so besieged by deep feelings of inadequacy that they may even jump into the sea and attempt to swim towards the taunting ship now believing it to be superior to their own ship even if their own ship was in fact better. The basis of this concept of mind manipulation is that the human being’s most critical aspect is the mind and it works by affecting the mind through deception.
Within a real life setting this mortifying psychosocial treatment is precisely what is being deliberately done to African Americans through corporate owned and governmentally controlled media outlets that deliberately subjected them to seeing only the fraudulently worst in themselves. This is done through an immense campaign of false derogatory misinformation and false negative media reports and statistics that are created by U.S. governmental agencies and then leaked to its collaborators in the news media, which either knowingly or unknowingly carry the stories as their own. These false information about African Americans are then disseminated unrelentingly everywhere; it is deliberately perpetuated through news releases in magazine articles, radio, television, press releases, documentaries, and false census reports perpetuating and framing the myth of Whites racial, moral, and ethical superiority over its Black population. However, the weapon is not in how the message is carried, but is instead within the messages that it carries and how these messages detrimentally affects the Black population at large.
The over representation of Black crimes and grossly exaggerated statistics of Black on Black violence within this psychosocial program are intentionally designed to create fear, hatred, and distrust thus molding the character of disunity and self-hatred among the Black community. [Blacks own personal negative experiences and interactions with their fellow Blacks then merely confirm the programs perpetuated message that it is they that are their own worst enemies]. The ultimately goal of this governmental psychosocial treatment of African Americans is to destroy the Black unity and cohesion that was historically the cornerstone of civil rights gains and that was a crucial factor of the survival of African Americans through more than four hundred years of racial oppression. [Logic dictates that given that unity and cohesion among African Americans was responsible for the demise of White Americas past system of blatant, institutionalized racism, then destroying this unity would be an essential objective of this psychological manipulation program.]
All African Americans have experienced the burden of this system of applied psychological conditioning, some more severely than others have. It is experienced every time we [Blacks] read a newspaper, watch the evening news, listen to a radio report, enter a classroom and read its racially biased textbooks. To the detriment of many African Americans, it has been an extremely effective. It has successfully conditioned many African Americans to accept the dominance of Whites and white institutions over their lives by misleading them to believe that they are, themselves, their own worst enemies, therefore engendering an aberration of internalized self contempt that pulverizes Black unity and halts Black upward mobility. It is at the root of both the profound division and self hatred now afflicting so many Black Americans and is at the heart of internalized feelings of superiority that many whites possess.
And while many African Americans have successfully navigated through this psychologically mortifying mine field and have gone on to lead successful, productive lives, for far too many this immense devaluation can seem inescapable and tragically, over time, many begin to accept subconsciously and painfully the negative portrayals of themselves. Many also become discouraged by the acceptance that their society is also preconditioned to see the worst in them and that, therefore, if they were ever to gain acceptance, if it is to be won at all, that success would be hard won. This in turn manifests negative internalized psychological pain and distress within many African Americans that can take many forms.
In fact, this governmental mortifying psychosocial treatment of African Americans may be the most aggravating, if not core, factor of the national phenomenon of self hatred; loss of educational aspirations; loss of unity, cohesion and racial pride; and fragile psyches of many African Americans today. It is in fact so fundamentally detrimental to the Black human condition and psyche that it may even affect the extent to which many African Americans realize their full human potential. This type of psychological manipulation program has also been proven very effective in rapidly destroying a groups ethical and moral values and engendering negative cultural norms with regard to violence, brutality, and even murder. All people, to some degree, are products of cultural conditions and their worldviews operate outside of their level of consciousness. Therefore, no group can be preconditioned to see only the worst in themselves and not exhibit some degree of negative psychological impact.
Not only does this massive governmental psychological manipulation campaign negatively impacts Blacks self perceptions, but it also provides a more socially acceptable way to assure that the masses of African Americans remains the most racially devalued and most economical exploited and suppressed group in America. The medias constant, fraudulently inaccurate, negative imagery of Black Americans is designed also to create a shift of victimization that changes the root problem of racism in America to be due to Blacks behavior rather than Whites proclivity for racism. Therefore insinuates that America would be a better society as a whole if African Americans were gone, thus engendering increasingly prejudiced distorted perceptions and acrimonious beliefs about African Americans that are designed to makes the nation and the entire world insensitive to their plight, tranquilizes efforts on their behalf, lessens pressure for social change on their behalf, and makes any serious criticism of White racism almost impossible today. Therefore fostering a national setting of where in which Blacks are more easily exploited and ultimately consensually suppressed. Moreover, some studies have shown that this shift of victimization now reflects increasingly acrimonious beliefs and prejudiced perceptions about and against African Americans that are arguably stronger today than they were after emancipation.
This campaign also attempts to discouragemiscegenation between Blacks and whites, and creates a false justification for the legal systems mistreatment of African Americans wherein they are disproportionately incarcerated, given stiffer sentences, and are more likely than other racial groups to be treated brutally, beaten, and fired upon by police officers while they are unarmed. These injustices now goes ignored because the perception has subconsciously become that its all now justified. When contempt of Blacks is made to appear to be justifiable, it is the fiercest and most effective type of racism because its witnesses, bystanders, and even world audiences will sit by idly allowing African Americans to be brutally mistreated under the belief that it is justified. This is what Dr. Edward Bernays referred to as engineering consent.
This governmental psychological conditioning program stripped African Americans of the national and international support that was acquired during the 1960’s civil rights struggles. It also today affects attitudes that when enacted through governmental policies, laws, and other legislation actions, serve to ensure that African Americans will not advance. Its effects are manifested in ideas, education, governmental policies, economic stratification, social segregation, housing markets, hiring and promotion practices, psychological issues, and minority access to a variety of social services and opportunity.
The present despairing state of Black America is neither a baffling phenomenon nor the result of some divine ethnic curse, but is rather instead the result of the White elites innate proclivity for reinventing devious methods to suppress its Black population.
The objective of the United States government has always been to maintain its White dominance and control over its Black population, and clearly, psychological warfare meets this need. It was the logical choice because it covertly provided the U.S. Government with a far more sophisticated, proficient, and socially accepted means of covertly controlling and suppressing its Black population. Through this method the U.S. Governmentis able to both influence the national climate and engender personal psychological feelings among itsBlack population that meet its objectives of maintaining its white dominance. Furthermore, history overwhelmingly demonstrates that the White races innate proclivity for racism, control, and dominance is much too deeply ingrained for them to just merely give up their practices of implementing suppressive methods over its African American population.The records of history show that the reincarnation of suppressive methods into forms more acceptable to the changing times is a common practice of the United States government.
As seen after the abolishment of slavery wherein its methods of using racist, oppressive treatment of its Black population was reincarnated into Jim Crow inequalities that included many devious strategies and methods that prevented Blacks from becoming registered voters. And let us not forget the horrific Tuskegee experiments where of in which from1932 and 1972, the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) conducted dangerous syphilis experiments on four hundred Black men. These men were deliberately left to degenerate painfully under the ravishes of the disease with symptoms including blindness, tumors, paralysis, insanity and death to allow the U.S. Government to collect the needed data from their autopsies. And let us also not forget of the CIAs involvement in flooding the Black communities of Los Angeles with drugs and high powered weaponry and then disseminated these drugs and weaponry to many African American communities throughout the United States destroying the lives of millions of African Americans while stimulating the economy through the prison industry.
A post by F. Jones
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API
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THE CURE for HIV/AIDS…….AMBUSH

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

THE IDEA that AMBUSH cures AIDS
is being proven by the more than 400 individuals who have taken a dose of 60 ml three times daily for 21 days. The result is that AMBUSH ‘KILLS’ the virus by causing the protein envelope to rupture and the viral particles are discarded by the white blood cells. AMBUSH is able to ‘KILL’ the virus that are ‘hiding’ in the lymph system by its ‘natural radioactive’ properties. This process allows the body to ‘return to normal health’ with a corresponding immunity to that or those strains of the virus.

What is AMBUSH ?
AMBUSH is a radioactive isotope of uranium that is found in the ‘palm’ plant of which there are more than 3000 species. When ingested, AMBUSH causes the body temperature in the trunk area to rise to about 102 degrees when the individual is sleeping. The preparation takes four hours per batch, which is then given to the individuals for consumption 60 ml three times daily for 21 days. AMBUSH is a herbal preparation in this form but it contains an active ingredient which is a ‘NEW’ crystalline substance, a drug from the ‘palm plant’ similarly to ASPIRIN originating from the willow tree bark

RESULTS:
After 21 days on AMBUSH, ALL the individuals experienced a decrease in viral load to undetectable, an increase in cd4, increase in RBC, an improvement in general health such as more color to the face, decrease in Buffalo hump, an increase in gluteal muscles, a decrease to having no joint pains whereby individuals can bend to touch their toes, and walk up steps are but a few examples. There is also a dramatic increase in their sexual appetite beginning after the first week of therapy

DISCUSSION:
In any plant concoction such as percolated ‘tea’, there are 30-40,000 compounds, whi ch would take the scientific community twenty years to isolate one particular ingredient if they knew what they were looking for. The LORD GOD has given me seven steps to isolate the active ingredient, which is soft and metallic in nature and has a carbon- uranium-sulfur-(classified)-phentolamine configuration or structure. This is similar to Federick Kekule and the discovery of the benzene ring where he dreamt the structure.

As an antiviral and ‘natural radioactivity’ producing agent, AMBUSH is also effective against leukemia, lupus and HPV. Here I am saying that I have ‘GIVEN’ AMBUSH in the same ‘strength’ and dosage to patients with leukemia, lupus and HPV. A 35 year old male with HIV found it difficult to impossible to urinate was put on ‘green tea’ and water while the doctors contemplated prostrate surgery. One of the doctors gave him my number , I sent him a supply of AMBUSH an d he has not been given any more ARV’s, since taking AMBUSH 18 months ago, is in ‘good’ health and has expressed a willingness to be examined by HIV investigators like many others who have taken AMBUSH.

I have sent this ‘IDEA’ to most HIV research agencies, scientist of the field, universities, hospitals, clinics, politicians and news agencies to which it is REJECTED because the name of THE LORD GOD is mentioned. He has steered me scientifically through the processes such as which plant and how to produce the active ingredient. What are the odds of a Florida Pharmacist picking a plant would contain the CURE for HIV/AIDS ?
I have never charged any of the people for their supply of AMBUSH but a life saving has been spent on the project with NO renumeration from any sources because AMBUSH falls outside the walls of modern medicine and research.

PROPOSAL:

My proposal is that I PROVE that AMBUSH CURES HIV/AIDS by giving it to a number of END-STAGE or DRUG-RESISTANT people and the scientific community watches their recovery. This proposal addresses the problem in that I have already outlaid the results to be obtained.

This IDEA is unconventional in that the scientific community has rejected AMBUSH because I say it is GOD given. Secondly if I wrote it according to certain standards, then it might be peer reviewed. However, THE LORD GOD has also shown me that there are five enzyme systems associated with the virus, reverse transcriptase, protease, fusion and two more of which causes the virus to be AIRBOURNE. This means that without DIVINE intervention mankind and ALL warm- blooded mammals will be extinct in a number of years.

The PROOF of what I am saying is found in scientific papers wherein it is found that when the protease cuts the viral strands, it cuts it at DIFFERENT lengths EVERY time, to which it should always be a valine at the end but is a different amino acid every time. This is why it is IMPOSSIBLE to produce a VACCINE.

Since this is NOT a hypothesis but there are about 400 individuals who have taken AMBUSH, here lies a vast area in which to check, recheck and confirm that AMBUSH CURES AIDS. Let it be mentioned that during the HIV reproductive cycle, reverse transcriptase converts viral RNA into DNA compatible to human genetic materials. Thus the human DNA has been ‘hijacked’ and since each person has a DIFFERENT DNA, then the new viral copy is unique to that person which shows that each individual has a DIFFERENT STRAIN of the virus. Consider two HIV positive people swapping viral strains and increasing its complexity with multiple partners.
It can also be proposed that they be revisited as proof that the strain or strains that they had were ‘killed’ at the time of taking AMBUSH considering that a person can catch as many different strains as there are people who are infected by HIV.
I am also willing to work with the scientific community in identifying those individuals who took AMBUSH and wish to be identified with this process notwithstanding that some are stigmatized while others are jubilant,

Once AMBUSH is verified as being able to accomplish that which is aforementioned then the next stage might be the natural and artificial synthesis of the substance.

Finally, if this is accepted or not, believed or not, THE LORD GOD always wins and this is the heavenly truth to which AMBUSH was divinely given to mankind for the CURE of HIV/AIDS and it will be here forever. Apostle Shada Mishe.

vapalmer@bellsouth.net

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API

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Registration racket alarms vehicle owners, authorities

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Head of the Flying Squad police unit Musa Yego inspects two vehicles with similar registration numbers at Pangani police station in Nairobi last week. Photos/PHOEBE OKALL

ByFRED MUKINDA

In Summary

There are at least 500 vehicles on the Kenyan roads sharing registration number plates.

Unscrupulous car dealers use single registration documents for several cars and also divert vehicles on transit to neighbouring countries into the local market without paying duty.

Rogue dealers roam in yards to identify write offs and scribble down their registration details which they then use to get chassis and engine numbers at KRA headquarters, at a fee of Sh 500.

Gerald Githinji bought a second-hand matatu sometime in October 2004 and surrendered its logbook to the Kenya Revenue Authority to change ownership and reflect him as the new owner.

For the next four years, the matatu operated on the Isiolo Meru route without the logbook in spite of numerous visits he made to KRA offices in Meru and Nairobi to claim it back.

During one of the visits to KRA headquarters at Times Tower in Nairobi, he was informed the logbook had been claimed by somebody else.

Fearing his vehicle would be impounded, Mr Githinji withdrew it from the road and parked it at home as he awaited police investigations into the matter.

Through inquiries, he learnt that a matatu bearing the same registration number as his was plying Nairobis Umoja City centre route.

He reported the matter to the Pangani Police Station-based Flying Squad unit and the other vehicle was impounded. Investigations showed the city matatu had not been registered and its owner was subsequently arraigned in court.

Mr Githinjis is just one of the numerous cases highlighting rise in illegal motor vehicle trade. Police and registration of motor vehicles department estimate there are at least 500 vehicles on the Kenyan roads sharing registration number plates.

Kenya Auto Bazaar Association (Kaba) puts the figure at more than 2,000 vehicles.

The Flying Squad, the police unit that specialises in tracking carjackers and stolen vehicles, has so far linked the incidents to a complex tax-evasion syndicate.

In the illegal operation, unscrupulous car dealers use single registration documents for several cars and also divert vehicles on transit to neighbouring countries into the local market without paying duty, which on average is about Sh 500,000.

Head of the Flying squad Musa Yego and Registrar of Motor vehicles Simeon Kirgotty held a meeting on Wednesday to discuss ways of curtailing it.

Since the year began, the unit has impounded 24 vehicles, every two sharing a similar set of numbers.

Some share other logbook features like colour, model and make. The operatives also make sure the vehicles sharing a similar number plate are sold in different regions of the country.

For instance, one vehicle would be operating in Western Kenya while another remains in the city, or at the Coast, to minimise chances of the two ever being spotted in close proximity.

However, detectives have also noted incidents of vehicles bearing registration numbers that KRA had issued for motorcycles.

A trick commonly used by the rogue dealers is that after KRA registers a vehicle and issues a set of number plates, the illegal operatives apply for a second pair shortly claiming that the initial one had been stolen.

Such incidents have been made possible because of existing weaknesses in KRA system, which does not require proof of loss before replacement.

After the Wednesday meeting, Mr Kirgotty promised to seal the loopholes and have applicants present an abstract issued by the Flying Squad.

Fake logbooks

Sunday Nation investigations also exposed yet another gimmick in which brand new vehicles are fitted with registration number plates salvaged from write-offs involved in accidents.

Mr Kirgotty squarely blames the Insurance companies.

He explains: The vehicles are usually insured and so the companies pay their owners. The companies should remove the number plates of write offs and surrender them, together with the logbook, to KRA.

However, Sunday Nation found that the case would only apply to vehicles covered by the comprehensive package and those covered by third party package, their owners have to bear the loss.

It was also established that unscrupulous dealers roam in yards to identify write offs and scribble down their registration details which they then use to get chassis and engine numbers at KRA headquarters, at a fee of Sh 500.

Kaba chairman Major (Rtd) John Kipchumba says the traders then use the details to acquire fake logbooks from River Road and have a new vehicle fitted with a fake number plates, commonly manufactured in underground garages in Nairobis Kawangware, Ngara and Kariobangi neighbourhoods.

The garages also specialise in altering chassis and engine numbers so that they match with those on the faked logbook.

The vehicle would continue operating on the road without raising the slightest suspicion until they are netted during police crackdowns.

Black market

Last year alone, 1,221 vehicles were impounded by police on suspicion they were stolen.

But in most such cases, police are forced to free the culprits since its difficult to charge them in court unless they have sufficient evidence to sustain a conviction.

And such evidence is shortcoming since their genuine owners can hardly identify them positively after they undergo modification.

Revealing operations of the cartel involving transit vehicles, Mr Kipchumba said with only Sh10,000, one can purchase stamp showing the vehicle has crossed the border whereas it hasnt.

For another Sh 100,000, one can acquire a fake logbook and registration plates in the black market, he added.

The illegal operation, thrives on transit vehicles largely because of the different export regulations in Kenya compared to neighbouring countries. For instance, Kenya prohibits importation of vehicles, which are more than eight years old while her neighbours dont.

A vehicle priced at Sh 850,000 in Kenya could cost as low as Sh 300,000 if it had been destined for Uganda but diverted to local market.

Mr Yego also proposes a much simpler method of discouraging the illegal dealers.

Before buying a vehicle, challenge the seller to pose for a photograph with you. One selling an illegal vehicle will flee, fearing police will use it to arrest him in future, he said.

But detectives have not ruled out collusion with KRA officials.

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API/Source.nation.ke

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Kenya embassy damaged in terrorist bombing

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

BySAMWEL KUMBA, DAVID OKWEMBA and Agencies

The Kenyan Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistani was on Saturday night damaged in a terrorist attack on the nearby Marriot Hotel.

Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Mr Mwangi Thuita confirmed the incident but said nobody in the Embassy was injured in the attack.

Mr Thuita told Sunday Nation that the blast shattered windows and doors of the Embassy building.

AFP news agency reported that at least 60 people were killed and over 100 others injured in the attack.

The attack took place only hours after President Asif Ali Zardari made his first speech to Parliament, pledging to fight terrorism.

According to Pakistan media the country is battling an Islamic insurgency that left 2,000 people dead last year and has strained the nation’s relationship with the US as it and allies fight to subdue Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in neighbouring Afghanistan.

AFP reported that The United States strongly condemns the terrorist attack that took place in Islamabad, Pakistan, today, national security council spokesman Gordon Johndroe said in a statement.

This is a reminder of the threat we all face. The United States will stand with Pakistan’s democratically elected government as they confront this challenge, said Johndroe, adding that President George W. Bush was briefed by National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley on the attack.

When Sunday Nation contacted a Bloomberg reporter at the scene, James Rupert, he said that the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad is just a few minutes walk from the Kenyan High Commission, which is in an adjacent street.

In fact, windows were smashed throughout the neighbourhood in which the embassy building sits, he said.

As flames engulfed the hotel, which is popular with foreigners, police said there were still people trapped inside.

A car laden with explosives rammed the gate at the Marriott and so far we have brought out 40 dead bodies, but the number could well be higher, police chief Asghar Raza Gardazi said.

Dozens of cars outside the hotel were destroyed and windows were shattered in buildings hundreds of meters away.

Al Qaeda-linked militants based in hideouts in the Afghan border have launched a bloody campaign of bomb attacks in retaliation for offensives by the security forces.

The hotel has been bombed twice before but the Saturday evening blast was the most serious.

The fire spread to other parts of the 290-room hotel, located at the foot of the Margalla hills in the city centre.

A crater up to 20 feet deep was blasted into the road next to the hotel’s security barriers. The street was littered with debris and broken branches from roadside trees, and acrid smoke drifted in the air.

The explosion brought down the ceiling in a banquet room where there were about 200 to 300 people at a meal to break the fast during the holy month of Ramadhan. Imtiaz Gul, a journalist, was among them.

We just ran for cover, I could see a lot of injured people lying around me, Gul said.

A waiter, Mansoor Abbasi, was inside hotel after the blast, calling out for any survivors lying in the rubble.

I was just setting down a glass when it happened … Everybody started screaming. I pulled out 16 wounded people, said Abbasi said, his jacket stained with blood.

A doctor at a city hospital said 70 wounded people had been brought in. An official at another hospital said 23 bodies and 97 wounded people had been brought in. Dawn Television said several foreigners were wounded.

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API/Source.nation.ke

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Neglecting a president in time of need begets shame and disloyalty

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Mzees aides neglected him at his hour of need

By LEE NJIRU

During his hour of need, Mzee Kenyatta was abandoned and neglected by his aides and top advisors, whose unbridled greed for power, property and money was their propulsion force.

Now that Kenyans have marked the 30th anniversary of President Jomo Kenyattas death, it is prudent for them to understand the unfortunate circumstances surrounding his passing on.

The writer Mr LEE NJIRU. Kenyas founding president Mzee Jomo Kenyatta

These fellows, consumed by a rapacity greater than that of desert locusts let loose on green foliage, could not be objective about Kenyattas needs and separate those needs from their own. To start with, Mzee should not have been allowed to travel to Msambweni on August 21, 1978, to be subjected to the indignity of collapsing in a washroom.

As a young information officer, I had been from 1977 assigned to cover all the official functions of Mzee. This critical day, he had lunch with all the Kenyan envoys abroad. This was at State House, Mombasa. I could see the concern of the envoys, as Mzees speech was a worrying incoherent stutter.

The then Minister of State in the Office of the President, Mr Peter Mbiyu Koinange, was at the high table. I cast a furtive glance at him to see his reaction and noticed he was not bothered. This surprised me because Mbiyu was not only Mzee Kenyattas minister and confidant, but also his brother-in-law.

Utter neglect

But it was after lunch that things became terrifying. Mzee missed his way out, wandered as if in a state of confusion and ended at the dingy caretakers office where he caused a commotion among the junior staff as the room was littered with dirty utensils and food leftovers.

When he was re-directed to his sleeping room, the old man could not make it upstairs. In between the flight of stairs, he ran out of breath and asked for a chair. After a brief rest, he went to his private quarters.

After witnessing all this agony, I was convinced that Mbiyu Koinange, the Provincial Commissioner Eliud Mahihu, or the State House Comptroller Alexander Gitau, would cancel the Msambweni function. They didnt. Up to today, I believe that Kenyattas life would have been saved if immediate medical attention was availed at this point.

When Mzee Kenyattas motorcade reached the Likoni Jetty, he refused to board the ferry. Reason? He had forgotten his fly-whisk. A car was dispatched to bring it after which we proceeded to Msambweni.

After Mzee collapsed, a senior member of the administration had the callousness to ask him to say “harambee”. But it was the loudest I had heard during the two years I had worked for him. Unfortunately, it was the last. After Kenyatta was taken to State House and the customary night entertainment programme cancelled, Mbiyu boarded a plane and left for Nairobi. The question I always ask myself is “what issues were more urgent and compelling on the part of Mbiyu than Mzee Kenyattas health.”

He had helped Kenyatta stand after collapsing. It was unbelievable that he would abandon him in such circumstances.

I expected Koinange, Mahihu and Gitau to attempt to go, even beyond the frontiers of their persuasive powers, to prevail upon Mzee Kenyatta not to go to Msambweni. The other option was deceit. They could have conspired and told Mzee that the Likoni ferry was broken down.

Although I could discern that nobody was paying any attention to Kenyattas condition, I kept mum arising from operant conditioning imposed on us by the inner circle through blatant and subtle threats. Talk of Kenyattas health was taboo.

Incoherent, repetitive and forgetful

Kenyatta handlers should not feign ignorance of his failing health. His incapacitation was not abrupt but a gradual process and anybody who cared ought to have noticed and done something about it. The register of judges, which is always in the custody of the Registrar of the High Court, bear testimony to Kenyattas rate of decline in terms of health, and especially the coordination between his body and brain.

In this register, the judges append their signature after taking their oaths of office. The Presidents, as appointing authorities, countersign. Kenyattas signatures in this register, initially beautiful and executed with a flourish, continued to change pitiably. By 1977, the signatures were like a ruffled fly whisk or a traditional broom. Gradually, Mzee became incoherent, repetitive and forgetful.

Sometime in early 1978, Kassim Bakari Mwamzandi, then an Assistant Minister for Foreign Affairs, brought a foreign envoy to present his credentials to Mzee Kenyatta in Nakuru. This is the moment Mbiyu Koinange should have taken radical measures to protect Mzee.

After receiving the credentials, Mzee bellowed “You are welcome to Kenya. If you have any problem, do not hesitate to see me. If you dont thats your own business”. And introducing Mbiyu and Mwamzandi, he said, pointing at the two “This is my father and mother”.

I cringed and hoped the world would open up and swallow me. I thought the relevant diplomatic procedures should be changed to allow the Foreign minister to receive such credentials to save Mzee Kenyatta from these embarrassments. When a former Provincial Commissioner for Central Province Simeon Nyachae saw Mzees difficulty in speaking during a function, his concern was obvious.

I knew he loved Mzee Kenyatta because he called me aside and asked me to get him a beautiful portrait of Mzee, which I did. Instances in which Mzee spoke haltingly were numerous. Opening the last show in Mombasa before his death, Mzee ended his speech with Amen instead of Thank you.

Did Kenyatta, then, have to tell anybody verbally that he was getting worse each passing day? Instead of arranging for a resident doctor and reducing his public functions, his lieutenants took him to lunch in far off places such as Kipkelion, Makalia Falls and the Eastern Bank of Lake Bogoria. I never saw a doctor in the entourage for first aid in case the need arose.

They used him

I have great respect for Mzee Kenyattas nurse, Isabella. But it should be appreciated that her professional training was limited in respect of Mzee Kenyattas condition, status and age. Furthermore, the biggest blunder was that there was no official car for her to accompany Mzee wherever he went.

But the handlers made available a Mercedes Benz Limousine for the women police escorts whose role was purely decorative. Many of those around Mzee were expected to be of use to him, but they instead used him for their selfish gains. Outwardly, they pretended to love Mzee while in fact they used him as an object of exploitation. They should have been prosecuted for criminal negligence.

In case Mzee needed any assistance at night and especially in Nakuru, it would have been difficult to get it. After the night entertainment, most of these aides, trooped to Stags Head Hotel to drink themselves silly while their praises were sung by an accordionist going by the name Wakidole.

Other patrons, instilled with fear by these imperious Civil Servants, kept a safe distance and spoke in whispers. Kenyattas physician, Dr Eric Mngola, was just an occasional visitor. I should guess that he did not get sufficient appreciation from the aides. It is common knowledge that physical activity quickens the circulation of blood and thus helps to maintain a favourable condition in all the organs of the body.

Sadly, I never heard anyone advising Kenyatta to take either a brisk or a slow walk in the morning. Kaunda of Zambia was an ardent golfer, with a golf course at State House Lusaka. I saw Nyerere of Tanzania do a hundred push-ups nonstop.

Even when it was obvious that Kenyatta was battling with vicissitudes of age, a weak heart and hateful politics, his aides did not put in place contingency plans wherever he went. There was actually nobody and nothing between Kenyatta and mortality.

In all State Houses and Lodges, there were no buttons for Kenyatta to press in case he needed emergency attention at night. In the Presidential palaces in Blantyre and Lilongwe, these were provided. I saw them in Sanjika Palace in 1979 and in Lilongwe in 1999.

Conspiracy experts

These things did not bother the aides as they were befuddled by alcohol and sheer lack of social tact. Instead of giving Kenyatta the succour he needed, these people preoccupied themselves with plots, schemes and conspiracies to block Vice-President Daniel arap Moi from ascending to the presidency. Moi had not told anybody that he wanted to become president.

But what they forgot is that Moi was helping Kenyatta by covering the entire country consolidating peace and national unity. He was also representing Mzee in all international fora. All these errands had a by-product. Moi touched the hearts of many and was given a reward, the opportunity to serve as president. Tribalism, and greed permeated every sector of the government.

I remember that the day Mzee Kenyatta died, the then University of Nairobi Vice-Chancellor, Dr Josephat Karanja, was attending a conference in Vancouver, Canada.

In his delegation was the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture, Prof Richard Musangi. When Karanja received the sad news, he gave his written speech to Musangi to read on his behalf. He hurriedly left for Nairobi. The connotation here is that since Kenyatta was a Kikuyu, only Karanja, a fellow tribesman, was supposed to empathise and be grieved. Musangi, a Bukusu was supposed to be untouched and therefore capable of reading the speech

What was Karanjas hurry for? Was he rushing back home to lock the stable even after the horse had been stolen?

No wonder that Kenyattas inner circle wanted the announcement of the death and the swearing in of the new President delayed. But they were in for a shock. General Jackson Kimeu Mulinge warned them that the Armed Forces needed a Commander-in-Chief immediately or else.

Mr Lee Njiru is the Press Secretary for former President Moi, and also worked with Kenyatta.

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Published by Chief Editor Korir, African Press International – API/ Source.standard.ke

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Mbeki’s political neck strangled by the ANC: The smiling man of South Africa given marching orders into the cold

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

SA’s Mbeki agrees to step down

Caption: South Africa’s president Thabo Mbeki under pressure to resign

South African President Thabo Mbeki will accept a call to resign by the governing African National Congress (ANC), his spokesman has said.

Mukoni Ratshitanga said Mr Mbeki would leave his post once “all constitutional requirements have been met”.

It comes days after a High Court judge suggested that Mr Mbeki may have interfered in a corruption case against his rival, ANC leader Jacob Zuma.

Mr Zuma was expected to succeed Mr Mbeki in scheduled elections next year.

Parliament is expected to meet in the coming days to formalise the resignations process, and is likely to appoint the parliamentary speaker as interim leader.

The decision to call for Mr Mbeki’s resignation was taken at a meeting of the ANC’s National Executive Committee (NEC). Mbeki agreed that he is going to participate in the process and the formalities

The ANC’s Secretary General Gwede Mantashe said the NEC had “decided to recall the president of the republic before his term of office expires”.

He said Mr Mbeki “did not display shock” at the decision and had agreed to participate “in the process and the formalities”.

The decision had been taken for “stability and for a peaceful and prosperous South Africa”, Mr Mantashe told a news conference.

The ANC secretary general said this was not punishment for Thabo Mbeki, adding that the president would be given the chance to continue his role as mediator in Zimbabwe.

At the same time, ANC cabinet members are being urged to remain in government to ensure continued stability.

Mr Zuma toppled his rival as ANC leader in bitterly contested elections last year, while Mr Mbeki fired him as deputy president in 2005 after his financial adviser was found guilty of soliciting a bribe on his behalf.

Earlier this month a High Court judge dismissed corruption and other charges against Mr Zuma, saying there was evidence of political interference in the investigation.

In his ruling the judge said it appeared that Mr Mbeki had colluded with prosecutors against Jacob Zuma as part of the “titanic power struggle” within the ANC.

The accusation was strongly denied by Mr Mbeki.

Mr Mbeki, who had devoted his life to the ANC, succeeded Nelson Mandela as the party’s president in 1997.

He became leader of South Africa in 1999 and won a second term in 2004.

Perhaps his biggest policy success has been South Africa’s rapid economic growth since the end of apartheid and the rise of a black middle class – but to the anger of many, wealth is more unevenly distributed than ever before.

He has failed to convince the trade unions and the poorest South Africans that the government has acted in their interest – providing space for Mr Zuma to mobilise a powerful constituency.

Domestically, his government’s handling of the HIV/Aids crisis and failure to stem violent crime in the country has weakened his hand.

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Published by Chief Editor Korir, African Press International – API/ Source.kbc.ke/bbc

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Japanese grants $3mn to Egypt as part of support to peacekeeping training in Africa

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

The Japanese government on Saturday approved a grant of US$ 3 million to support the Cairo Regional Center for training in conflict resolution and peacekeeping operations in Africa within the framework of efforts by Japan to strengthen security and stability in Africa and help training centers for peacekeeping operations in a number of countries on the continent.

This is according to Ambassador Soad Chalabi, the Assistant Egyptian Foreign Minister and Director of the Cairo Center for peacekeeping in Africa.

Ms Chalabi said the Japanese decision came after intensive consultations between officials in Egypt and Japan resulted in the inclusion of the Cairo Center in the list of centers in Africa to benefit from the support program adopted by the Japanese government for this purpose.

Japan has allocated US$15 .5 million to help the Cairo Center and similar centers in Rwanda, Kenya, Ghana and Mali , she said .

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api/source.apa

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A Drug & Violence Free Kenya Project

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

The Four Pillars

By

Armstrong O’Brian Ongera, Jr. and Dr. Patrick Basham

Given the rise in youth violence, there is an urgent need to produce immediate solutions to this drug-fueled crisis. The sad reality is that the substance abuse problem is also the root cause of the spread of HIV/AIDS, and the high levels of teenage pregnancy and violence.

Drugs are the central ingredient in the creation of an undisciplined, disorganized, violent, and unfocused society. In a Capital Youth Caucus Association (CYCA) research study carried out between August and October 2007 in Meru, drug dealing and consumption was found to lead to violence, murder, school dropouts, teenage pregnancy, and criminal tendencies in the community.

It is against this background that CYCA and the Democracy Institute seek to initiate an evidence-based nationwide campaign, the Four Pillars: a Drug & Violence Free Kenya Project, to campaign against drugs and violence in our schools and communities.

There is an immediate need to enlighten Kenyan youth on the general implications of drug taking, especially those drugs commonly used by young Kenyans, such as cocaine, marijuana, Khat, brown sugar, glue, bhangi, cigarettes, and alcohol.

The objective of our Four Pillars: A Drug & Violence Free Kenya Project is to mainstream youth participation in fighting drugs and promoting nonviolent conflict communications as an avenue to increase the engagement of young Kenyans in a society free from vice.

Fortunately, the debate over how to begin remedying the drug and violence crises need not take place in a vacuum. Kenyans can learn from anti-drug and anti-crime policies that have been successfully implemented across Eastern and Western Europe, and even farther afield, in countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United States. These successes can help guide Kenyans to those policies likely to be truly effective.

Effective anti-drug and anti-crime policies require a flexible, innovative, and integrated range of evidence-based prevention, treatment, and enforcement options.

The Four Pillars is a coordinated, comprehensive approach that balances public order and public health in order to create a safer and a healthier society. A Four Pillars approach to drug addiction (prevention, treatment, harm reduction, and enforcement) was first implemented in Switzerland and Germany in the 1990s, followed by Australia seven years ago.

Where comprehensively and carefully implemented, the Four Pillars approach has resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of drug users consuming drugs on the street, a significant drop in overdose deaths, and a reduction in the infection rates for HIV and hepatitis with, critically, a commensurate drop in criminal behavior.

Our strategy recognizes an urgent need for an evidence-based, multisectoral intervention to stem the tide of drug abuse and violent activity that is threatening, most immediately, the functioning of Kenyan schools as well as the long-term economic, reproductive, and social health of Kenyan society.

The four pillars of our anti-drug and anti-violence strategy are, first, prevention, which involves promoting healthy families and communities, protecting child and youth development, promoting reproductive health, preventing or delaying the start of substance use among young people, and reducing harm associated with substance use. Successful prevention efforts aim to improve the health of the general population and reduce differences in health between groups of people.

The second pillar is treatment, which offers individuals access to services that help people come to terms with problem substance use and lead healthier lives, including peer-based counseling, daytime and residential treatment, housing support, and ongoing medical care.

The third pillar is harm reduction, which reduces the spread of deadly communicable diseases, especially HIV/AIDS, preventing drug overdose deaths, increasing substance users’ contact with health care services and drug treatment programs, and reducing street-level drug consumption.

The fourth pillar is enforcement, which recognizes the paramount need for public order and safety in Nairobi’s neighborhoods and those of other cities, towns, and villages. It targets organized crime, drug dealing, drug houses, and problem businesses involved in the drug trade.

Such an integrated approach is a cost-effective instrument for alleviating drug-related problems. For every shilling spent on these programs, seven public health and criminal justice shillings will be saved. An integrated approach is good for Kenya’s legal system, is good for Kenyan law enforcement, and is good for Kenya’s public health care system.

Our Four Pillars strategy certainly will not resolve all of Kenya’s drug problems. At the very least, these programs provide some hope for law-abiding people who want to live in clean, livable, business-friendly neighborhoods.

The Four Pillars strategy is not a panacea but it is a place to start. In our view, it should form the foundation of any rational, integrated, and compassionate approach to the nation’s drug and violence problems.

We urge the coalition government and MPs of all parties to provide immediate, tangible support for this politically independent project to improve Kenyans’ quality of life.

# # #

Mr. Ongera directs the Nairobi-based Capital Youth Caucus Association (cycanetwork@gmail.com). Dr. Basham, a drug policy expert, directs the Washington-based Democracy Institute (info@democracyinstitute.org).


Armstrong O’Brian Ongera, Jnr.
Executive Director
Capital Youth Caucus Association(CYCA)
P.O.Box 5956-00200
Nairobi-Kenya.

tel. + 254 20 212 9281
cell. + 254 720 594 503
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Capital Youth Caucus Association (CYCA), is non-partisan, and non-profit organization in Kenya focused to teaching the youth on Democracy,Cultural Interdependence,Non-violent Conflict,and Human Rights among the in-and-out of school youth in Kenya through organizing ‘The CYCA Roundtable Discussion Forums’; and ‘The CYCA Experiential Learning and Cultural Interdependence Projects’ in rural-urban Kenya.
** *
We have launched an 18 monthPetition to promote the Four Pillars: A Drug & Violence Free Society Project for Kenya.Kindly stand in solidarity with us,by signing it on:

www.gopetition.com/petitions/capital-youth-caucus-association.html

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Published by African Press International – API

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Chad: Civil society disappointed by World Bank oil pull-out

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Ndjamena (Chad) – Civil society members are disappointed the World Bank investment in oil exploitation in the Doba oil fields in southern Chad has broken down.

The landmark 2001 deal between the World Bank, a US-oil consortium and the Chad government aimed to ensure the government harnessed its newfound oil wealth to reduce poverty across the country. The deal gave oil-producing communities in the south five percent of the royalties, and the national government 15 percent. The remainder was to be spent on the countrys crumbling infrastructure, including its roads, schools and health care facilities, as well as to help cash-strapped rural areas.

But Michel Wormser, director of Africa operations with the World Bank, told IRIN the Chad government failed to meet its anti-poverty investment promises, Not only was the level of investment not being met, but also the quality [of anti-poverty measures] was not there.

In 2004, its first year of full production, Chads gross domestic product (GDP) jumped 18 percent to reach almost 30 percent growth in large part because of its newfound oil revenue, according to the World Bank. Thus far in 2008, Chad has earned US$1.4 billion in oil revenues, said Wormser.

Despite this revenue boost, more than 60 percent of the population still lives in poverty, according to the UN. Wormser said the government has invested too little in infrastructure and social programs, and the programs it did put into place were poorly designed and executed.

The government added security as a national priority area to enable more arms spending, according to a report by the US-based think-tank The Council on Foreign Relations. The government subsequently re-negotiated with the World Bank to double its share of oil revenue to 30 percent.

Delphine Djiraib Kemneloum, coordinator of Chad-based non-profit Monitoring Committee for Peace and Reconciliation told IRIN the World Bank should have also helped Chadians directly fight poverty rather than only going through the government, The damage has already been doneChadians can only now cry because the oil money has not contributed to improving their living conditions but rather to fuel armed conflict.

Oil revenue watchdog groups in Chad have accused the government of funneling oil revenue into fighting back periodic rebel groups trying to unseat the government.

For Gilbert Maoundonodji, coordinator of an independent oil pipeline monitoring group, the World Banks oil investment pull-out was not surprising.

From the outset of the project, civil society groups said the basis of the agreement was distorted, and the World Bank could not make big changes in an environment where most promises are not kept, he told IRIN. At the outset we asked for management capacity to be strengthened so that the project could succeed, but these were considered by many to be hysterical demands now we are in exactly the situation that we predicted. concluded Maoundonodji.

Others say the World Bank overstepped its powers. Government official Ousman, who did not want to give his full name, said, We are a sovereign nation. We have our priorities. We are ready to fight against poverty, but we also have other major challenges to face, namely the Sudanese aggression. It isnt normal that the World Bank can direct our behavior from Washington when the reality on the ground is so different.

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API/Source.UN Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) – September 17, 2008.

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Rwanda: Ruling party wins election, women in majority

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Gasabo (Rwanda) – The Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF-Inkotanyi) has run away with victory in this years Parliamentary elections taking 42 of the 53 seats that were contested for by all political parties and an independent candidate. For the very first time in the history of parliamentary elections the world over, women widely outnumber the men.

Rwandan women will bag at least 44 of the 80-seat chamber of deputies. This increases from 48 percent in the previous parliament to a world record of 55 percent. The number could go even higher if women candidates go through in the contest to get representatives youth and the disabled. Three seats are at stake.

According to the tentative results announced by the Chairman of the National Electoral Commission (NEC), Prof. Chrysologue Karangwa, the RPFs win represents 78 percent of the votes.

The runners-up were the Socio-Democratic Party (PSD) who got seven seats representing 13 percent, while the Liberal Party (PL) got seven percent meaning that they will have four Parliamentarians in the 80-member House.

The independent candidate, Jean Marie Vianney Harerimana could not garner the required 5 percent victory to make it to Parliament as he got only 0.6 percent.

From the lists of candidates fielded by the political parties, the number of women from all parties who are assured of a place 20. Add the mandatory 24 seats that will come from the indirect women elections and you have a world record.

The women elections were conducted countrywide yesterday and Kigali City will have two seats, the Northern Province will have four, while the Eastern, Southern and the Western Provinces will each have six representatives.

Today youths elect their two representatives, while the national federation for the disabled elect their sole representative tomorrow.

The general turn up was impressive as 98.5 percent of the 4,769,228 registered voters turned up for this election that was hailed by different people as very peaceful. The NEC boss said that the general tentative results will be announced on September 22 after all elections are concluded, while official results will be announced on September 25.

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API/Source.The New Times (Rwanda), by Felly Kimenyi

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South Africa: NPA appeal on Zuma ruling ill-considered, says ANC

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Johannesburg (South Africa) – The National Prosecuting Authority’s (NPA) decision to appeal against the Pietermaritzburg High Court ruling on Jacob Zuma is ill-considered, the African National Congress said on Wednesday.

“The decision suggests that personal pride, rather than reason, is driving the actions of the NPA,” the party said in a statement. “The decision … is cynical and ill-considered,” the ANC said. “By not accepting the court’s ruling, the NPA has lost a valuable opportunity to bring the relentless pursuit of Jacob Zuma to an end.”

Pietermaritzburg High Court Judge Chris Nicholson ruled last week that an NPA decision to prosecute the ANC president was invalid. Zuma faced 16 charges, which included racketeering, corruption and fraud in a case in which French arms company Thint also faced corruption charges for allegedly bribing him for protection during an arms-deal probe. Nicholson said there was some merit in Zuma’s contention that there was a political conspiracy tied to rivalry between himself and President Thabo Mbeki.

Meanwhile, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) has warned of mass strikes in response to the NPA’s decision to appeal Zuma ruling. Cosatu’s KwaZulu-Natal secretary, Zet Luzipho, said at a media briefing in Durban on Wednesday: “The fact that NPA wants to continue this case … is a declaration of war on our people.”

He said each time the NPA takes Zuma to court, the masses will strike. “And it won’t only be on the day of the court case, but also before he goes to court,” Luzipho said.

The NPA on Wednesday said it has studied Nicholson’s judgement declaring Zuma’s prosecution invalid, and has taken senior counsel’s advice. “Consequently, we have decided to apply for leave to appeal against the judgement. The NPA has yet to make a decision on whether to re-charge Mr Zuma.”

Democratic Alliance (DA) leader Helen Zille said on Wednesday that the NPA’s decision to appeal the ruling shows it takes its duty to the public seriously.

“The DA notes the decision by the NPA to appeal the judgement in the Pietermaritzburg High Court that Jacob Zuma’s prosecution was invalid. If there is a prima facie case against Jacob Zuma, the NPA is legally bound to explore every legal avenue to ensure justice is done,” she said.

“Any suggestion that the decision to appeal is a cynical move must be rejected with contempt. On the contrary, it shows that the NPA takes its duty to the South African public seriously and that it won’t be intimidated by Zuma and his acolytes,” Zille said.

“The Zuma camp’s jubilation has been premature. Judge Nicholson’s judgement was not a vindication or an acquittal of Jacob Zuma. There is a large cloud over Jacob Zuma’s head. As he has repeatedly stated, he needs to defend himself in a court of law where the evidence can be presented. It is therefore in the interest of all South Africans that he withdraws his candidature for the presidency until his guilt or innocence has been established in court,” Zille said.

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API/Source.SABC (South Africa)

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Sierra Leone: Dwellers refuse to leave flood-prone slums

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Freetown (Sierra Leone) – More than 10,000 slum dwellers have been affected by a storm that tore down dozens of makeshift homes in Kroo Bay, one of the citys largest slums, according to a government evaluation.

Saidu Alieu Turay, Chairman of the Kroo Bay health committee, said it was the worst flooding he had seen in the 20 years he has lived in the community. Eighty percent of the community could not sleep in their homes that night. He called on the government to help them relocate.

The governments national director of disaster management, Mary Mye-Kamara, told IRIN the government has tried to relocate residents from flood-prone slums in recent years, but they either refused or simply returned when water levels receded.

They demand to move, but this is just lip service. We can no longer live here they say, but guess who is back the next day? They blame flooding on people living at the top of the hill for dumping trash in the drainage, but that is not the problem. They simply live in dangerous flood-prone areas.

Flooding occurs almost every year for people who live near sea level in hilly Freetown. Sprawling communities filled with aluminium-sided hastily-constructed homes are clustered near the mouth of the Rokel river, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Mye-Kamara says massive rural to urban migration in recent years, deforestation and poor drainage makes the citys coastal communities the most vulnerable.

“A few years ago, the government offered to help move residents [in flood-prone zones] to areas further from the city centre, offering agricultural tools and seeds to support new livelihoods for them. They were not interested.

Mye-Kamara says people tell her they do not have money to relocate, and do not know how they will make money outside the city centre.

She says 2007 flooding in the slum area of Falcon Bridge led to at least one death when a resident was caught for hours under a boulder. You would never imagine people lived in this slum. It was completely inaccessible. There were people living under a cliff. The constant rains had eroded the rocks, some of which finally tumbled onto their homes.

The disaster management director told IRIN that her office has drafted a national disaster policy. When asked how government endorsement will help prevent future flood crises, Mye-Kamara responded, This forces the government to deal with flooding. All we [Office of Disaster Management] can do is raise awareness, and coordinate donor assistance and response. We have no power to carry out forced evacuations. But if we have the blessing of the government, we can move people.

Mye-Kamara says flood prevention will cost less than flood response. Coming out of a civil war [1991-2002], the government has limited resources. It has so many competing concerns and it cannot afford to keep helping people rebuild their homes.

Currently, the National Meteorological Department is responsible for national weather monitoring, but its director, Sombi Lansana, said his department is overstretched and focused on aviation weather forecasting. We have only two forecasters and both of them are at the Freetown International Airport at Lungi.

Lansana said the weather departments rain gauge is not working, so he could not give measurements for rainfall.

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API/Source.UN Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) – September 17, 2008.

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Nigeria: False newsflash on president’s resignation

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Abuja (Nigeria) – Editors here thought they had got the story of the year when a “newsflash” was sent to their e-mail addresses from “Newsagency Nigeria”, through newsagency nig@yahoo.com, announcing that “President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua may resign after carbinate (cabinet) reshuffle, on health ground”.

The local and international broadcast media quickly picked up the story and broadcast it to the whole world. In the euphoria, however, little did it cross the mind why the President would resign after “cabinet reshuffle”. Would his new appointments be binding on his successor?

Swiftly, the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) disowned the story, while presidential spokesman, Mr. Olusegun Adeniyi, emphatically denied the rumour, saying it was the handiwork of those who do not wish Nigeria well.

But Channels TV, which initially broadcast the news, was last night shut down by the State Security Service (SSS) over the hoax.

This is the third significant rumour about Yar’Adua since last year – the first being that he had died in Germany during the presidential campaign. Last month, he was rumoured to have died having gone into “coma” after undergoing a “renal transplant”.

Yesterday, the rumour sent officials of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) panicking as the Minister of Information and Communication, Chief John Odey, and officials of the SSS swooped on the headquarters of NAN. Odey is the supervisory minister for the news agency.

Denying that the report originated from it, NAN said in a statement: “The management of the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) today in Abuja disowned a news report being circulated to a section of the mass media, purporting it to have emanated from the agency. The story, which was sent via e-mail from an address: newsagencynig@yahoo.com, in Abidjan, stated that ‘President Umaru Yar’Adua may resign after a carbinete reshuffle, on health ground’.

“Managing Director of the agency, Mrs. Oluremi Oyo, declared in a statement that the agency had nothing to do with the story. The [e-mail] address is not that of NAN. The poor grammar, as indicated in the wrong spelling of “cabinet” could not have been that of NAN.”

She said that some mischief makers, bent on using the NAN platform, must be at work. “The agency vehemently disowns the story in its entirety and will not have anything to do with speculative or unfounded reports,” she stressed.

According to the NAN source, “the moment the news item was aired on Channels TV, the Minister of Information and Communication, John Odey, arrived our office in company of some SSS officials for inquiry. But at PDP headquarters, the National Publicity Secretary of the party, Prof. Ahmed Rufai Alkali, rushed to the office of the National Secretary, Alhaji Kawu Baraje, to brief him on the “newsflash” from Channels Television. THISDAY gathered that the moment Baraje was briefed, he dashed out of the Wadata Plaza and rushed to the Presidential Villa, as the National Chairman, Prince Vincent Ogbulafor, was not in town.

Meanwhile, the SSS yesterday explained why it shut down the Lagos and Abuja offices of Channels Television, saying it carried “a certain false news story that is against the well-being of Nigerians”. Earlier, some armed operatives of the security agency had invaded the premises of NAN and the Abuja office of the Channels. The operatives, who invaded the two media establishments in gestapo manner, allegedly seized all the security men at both premises and beat up those who insisted they must identify themselves.

The Nigerian Guild of Editors said it received the news of the shut down of Channels TV with shock. “Every allegation should be properly investigated through the due process,” it said.

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API/Source.This Day (Nigeria), by Ike Abonyi, Chuks Okocha and Juliana Taiwo – September 17, 2008.

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Ethiopia: More parents saying no to FGM

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) – Fewer Ethiopian parents are subjecting their daughters to female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM), according to an NGO campaigning to eradicate the practice.

“The knowledge [that FGM is harmful] is increasing,” said Abate Gudunfa, head of the Ethiopian National Committee on Traditional Practices (commonly referred to as EGLDAM – its name in Amharic]. “Children born more recently are safer.”

Still, FGM is carried out on girls as young as 80 days old, particularly in the predominately Christian highlands, and up to 14 years of age in the lowland Muslim regions. A network of 40 NGOs, including EGLDAM, the government and international organisations, are involved in anti-FGM campaigns in Ethiopia. Policies have also been reviewed to ensure participants are punished.

“Prevalence, especially among newly born children is decreasing – meaning that more families have sufficient awareness and do not support this practice anymore,” Abate added.

A 2007 survey conducted by EGLDAM found that prevalence across the country had dropped from 61 percent in 1997 to 46 percent.

Nine regions including Tigray, the Southern and Oromiya as well as two city administrations namely the capital Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa, showed the highest improvement. Other regions recorded minimal change. “There is almost no decrease in Afar and Somali [regions] – the strongholds of infibulation,” the survey noted.

EGLDAM found a decrease in almost all ethnic groups. Some 29 groups reflected a 20 percent decline, of which 18 were located in the Southern Region.

“Those ethnic groups …should be considered real success areas and given due attention as possible learning sites,” EGLDAM said. “Six ethnic groups show about or less than 10 percent decrease and should be considered as groups of probable major resistance to change.”

These included the Harari, Shinasha, Alaba and Hadia ethnic groups.

Globally, an estimated two million girls are still at risk of undergoing FGM each year. Activists say FGM is deeply entrenched in society despite various efforts to stop it.

According to the Inter-African Committee, the practice is a serious health issue affecting women, helping to spread HIV/AIDS and responsible for high female mortality rates in Africa.
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API/Source.UN Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) – September 17, 2008.

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Africa at large: Prisons under the magnifying glass

Posted by African Press International on September 21, 2008

Cape Town (South Africa) – “Prisons worldwide face the same crises and problems as those in Africa,” says Jeremy Sarkin. Chronic overcrowding, unsafe and unhealthy living conditions, lack of resources, and violence are found on every continent.

“Asian prisons in general are more overcrowded, and violence in Latin American prisons is far more severe and prevalent when compared to correctional institutions in Africa,” says Sarkin. Sarkin was chair of the advocacy organisation Human Rights Committee of South Africa in the 1990s, and has just edited a book titled ‘Human Rights in African Prisons’.

Although African prisons are often criticised because of the allegedly high number of female prisoners, Sarkin told IPS that when it comes to the incarceration of women, the African continent dangles at the bottom of the list. “On average this group makes up between 4 or 5 percent of the total African prison population,” he explains. “In various countries in Central Europe or Asia, women account sometimes for 10 percent of the total number of detainees.”

Over the past ten years, various positive prison reform initiatives have been undertaken across the continent, Sarkin explains. “The Kampala Declaration on Prison Conditions in Africa has played a crucial role in this,” he adds. “A number of African governments have altered their legislation as a result of the declaration,” Sarkin continues. “This has improved the situation in various prisons across the continent.”

Tunisia and Libya are good examples. “For the first time, these two countries are allowing human rights organisations such as Amnesty International to enter their prisons to monitor the situation,” Sarkin explains. “That is a great improvement. Up until recently, no one knew what was happening behind these countries’ prison doors.”

“A lot has changed over the past years, yet the situation is far from ideal,” says Victor West, who works for Khulisa, an organisation that develops and brings into practice rehabilitation, skills development, and reintegration programmes in various prisons across South Africa. Khulisa, meaning ‘to nurture’ in the Zulu language, has been around for ten years and predominantly focuses on rural prisons.

In her chapter, Lisa Vetten writes about the hardship female detainees in various African prisons are facing.

In a number of countries, women are for instance punished more severely for adultery when compared to men. Married women in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) who are found guilty of adultery are punished with six months to a year in prison, plus a fine, according to Vetten. Congolese men on the contrary seldom get punished for adultery.

Moroccan women who have conceived a child out of wedlock can be imprisoned for up to a year, unless they can prove they were raped.

Another reason for concern is that some African prisons do not hold female inmates separate from men, Vetten writes: “In some Ugandan prisons, women were not separated from male prisoners during the day but only during the night In Natitingou Prison in Benin, women and men use the same toilet and shower facilities.” As a result African female detainees in various prisons are subjected to physical, psychological and sexual abuse, both by fellow detainees and prison guards, Vetten adds.

Prison overcrowding is another critical problem across Africa. “Many African incarceration facilities were erected during the colonial era and while inmate populations across the continent have increased since then, prisons have not been subjected to renovation and expansion,” says Sarkin.

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API/Source.Inter Press Service (IPS) – September 17, 2008.

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