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Archive for July 12th, 2008

Discussing Kenyan politics

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

From Fred Aboge:

I understand the need for Kibaki to appoint another person from central province, but why Michuki?
There are a ton of young educated legislators from Central province who even from a PR standpoint, would
have made Kibaki look moderately progressive.This is an appointment meant to stonewall any serious
poking at the schemes at the Treasury. If this is Kibaki’s intention, hes temporarily suceeded. This is a man
not afraid to tell the nation that Kibaki is a central province president any investigatsion touching on that regions legislators will be effectively rebuffed!

On 7/12/08, odhiambo okecth wrote
Michuki is the wrong person to be at Treasury.As the world moves forward, Kenya is retrogressing into the old age, where techno-savvy decisions are of no benefit to us.

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API

This is a disappointment. If the seat was tailor made for one from Central Kenya, then we still have many techno-savvy guys from that part of the world, people who can move with the current pace of world trends.

Michuki is a colonial relic, and his knowledge does not fit in at Treasury.

Odhiambo T Oketch
Komarock Nairobi

— On Fri, 7/11/08, barakaserv wrote

From: barakaserv
Subject: [africa-oped] Re: BREAKING NEWS — Kibaki makes cabinet appointments
Date: Friday, July 11, 2008, 4:12 PM

My dear sister Naomi,
you are absolutely wrong on the “Longetivity in service” issue. Case
example: John Michuki — he has occupied senior govt positions since
the colonial govt. Tell us how Kenya has benefited economically or
otherwise since independence because of his services? Are you aware
that Kenya retrogressed 24 years back while he was part of govt?
Also, Kimunya is a terrible example to give — there’s a big
difference between leadership position and pawning. FYI Kimunya was a
pawn of Kibaki and had not been granted any powers to execute his
Finance office. He basically did what he was told, and that’s why
Kibaki is suspected to be the “Libyan investor”. Open your eyes Naomi.
JM.

Mariwa, Naomi (YBUSA-KOP)”
wrote:

Longevity in service should be an asset if the scenario were
different. Why should we make age a scapegoat when, if we were to be
honest, the real problem is the of culture of deception and easy
self-profiteering that we as a nation have enabled. If new faces were
the necessary cure for corruption/abuse of office, then Amos Kamunya
would not be standing accused of alleged corruption. Would he?

____________ _________ _________ __

On Behalf Of John Maina
Sent: Friday, July 11, 2008 12:54 PM

Subject: [africa-oped] BREAKING NEWS — Kibaki makes cabinet
appointments

Why keep recycling the same old!

JM.

BREAKING NEWSKibaki makes cabinet appointments

Updated 0 1 hour, 12 minutes ago

By Online Team

President Mwai Kibaki has appointed the Minister for Environment
John Michuki to also act as Minister for Finance.

The Minister for Public Works Chris Obure shall also act in the
Roads docket.

The appointments were announced through a press release by the
Presidential Press Service and will take effect immediately.

The Finance ministry appointment comes in the wake of former
Minister Amos Kimunyas resignation on Tuesday to facilitate
investigations into his role in the sale of the Grand Regency hotel
to the “Libyan investors”.

The Roads portfolio became vacant last month following the death of
former minister Kipkalya Kones in a plane crash.
President Kibaki has appointed a commission of inquiry into the
controversial sale of the hotel to specifically seek to find out the
roles that Kimunya, Central Bank of Kenya Governor Prof Njuguna Ndung
u and Mr Abuga, the banks board secretary played in the sale.

Last week, Parliament passed a vote of no-confidence in Kimunya,
accusing him of irregularities in the sale of the hotel, the
Safaricom IPO and a money printing deal with De La Rue.

Earlier a Cabinet committee chaired by Prime Minister Raila Odinga
had recommended the resignation of Mr Kimunya and all other public
officers involved in the sale.

Subject: [africa-oped] BREAKING NEWS — Kibaki makes cabinet
appointments

Why keep recycling the same old!

JM.

BREAKING NEWSKibaki makes cabinet appointments

Updated 0 1 hour, 12 minutes ago

By Online Team

President Mwai Kibaki has appointed the Minister for Environment
John Michuki to also act as Minister for Finance.

The Minister for Public Works Chris Obure shall also act in the
Roads docket.

The appointments were announced through a press release by the
Presidential Press Service and will take effect immediately.

The Finance ministry appointment comes in the wake of former
Minister Amos Kimunyas resignation on Tuesday to facilitate
investigations into his role in the sale of the Grand Regency hotel
to the “Libyan investors”.

The Roads portfolio became vacant last month following the death of
former minister Kipkalya Kones in a plane crash.
President Kibaki has appointed a commission of inquiry into the
controversial sale of the hotel to specifically seek to find out the
roles that Kimunya, Central Bank of Kenya Governor Prof Njuguna Ndung
u and Mr Abuga, the banks board secretary played in the sale.

Last week, Parliament passed a vote of no-confidence in Kimunya,
accusing him of irregularities in the sale of the hotel, the
Safaricom IPO and a money printing deal with De La Rue.

Earlier a Cabinet committee chaired by Prime Minister Raila Odinga
had recommended the resignation of Mr Kimunya and all other public
officers involved in the sale.

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UN REPORT SAYS LAKE VICTORIA IS ON THE VERGE OF DRYING UP.

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

<By Leo Odera Omolo.

Lake Victoria is among the African water bodies drying up due to environmental degradation and climatic changes, a report released last week by the UN Environment Programme.

The report noted that the loss of tress and wetlands, which form the Lake Victoria water catchments, was partly to blame for the receding shoreline.

Over 75 per cent of wetlands have been significantly affected by human activities and 13 per cent is severely degraded.

The report noted that the Lake Victoria water levels started dropping considerably in the year 2002.

As a result, the shoreline retreated by over 100 meters and there has been no significant improvement six years later.

Rapid population growth, leading to over exploitation of resources, poses a major threat to Africas Lakes and most of the fresh water reservoirs, the report pointed out.

It went on stating that in recent decades, the rate of population growth estimated as 7 percent within 100 kilometers around the Lake Victoria catchment area had outpaced the continental average, reflecting growing dependence and pressure on the Lakes.

If they are not managed properly, the continents lakes face loss if sustainability for fare generations.

Another water body that the report cited was Lake Chad, which it said shrunk by 95 per cent in the last 35 years due to climate effects and human activities.

On the way forward, the report recommended a faint effort in managing the lakes by countries and called for better monitoring of human activities.

Meanwhile reports from the Ugandan Capital Kampala say the price of fish has continued increasing due to high transport costs and low production.

The Financial Controller of Uganda Fish Parkers Mr. James Chandran was quoted by the influential Daily, THE NEW VISION, as saying the high demand on the International and markets has led to scarcity due to competitiveness among various Companies.

We also incur high freight charges, which have forced many firms to close.

He said a Kg of fish is charged USD 1.83 from Entebbe to Europe while Kenya charges USD 1.60.

He said they export 360 tonnes of chilled products and 200 tonnes of frozen products monthly.

One can now compare how much we pay from Entebbe to Europe and from Kenya to Europe. That is why fish Companies have resorted to going via Busia to Export their products cheaply through Kenya

Ends.

Leooderaomolo@yahoo.com

—————-

API

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HIGH LEVEL MEETING OF EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA REGIONAL ECONOMIC COMUNITIES WITH EU TO BE HELD IN DAR ES SALAAM, 17 JULY 2008

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

PRESS RELEASE

EAC Headquarters, Arusha, Friday, 11 July 2008:

The Inter Regional Coordinating Committee (IRCC), comprising of the four regional organizations that form the Eastern and Southern Africa -Indian Ocean Region, i.e. Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), East African Community (EAC), Inter-Governmental authority on Development (IGAD) and the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) will hold a High-Level Meeting in Dar es Salaam at the Kempinski Hotel on 17-18 July 2008. The meeting will bring together the Ministers of Finance and Trade from Eastern and Southern Africa .

The meeting has been organized by the IRCC in collaboration with the European Commission. The Secretary General of the East African Community, Amb. Juma Mwapachu , the current Chair of the IRCC will chair the meeting which is expected to be attended by the Chief Executive Officers of the four regional organizations; the EU Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid, Mr. Louis Michel as well as representatives of other development partners, including AfDB, EIB, World Bank, USAID, PTA, IMF, SIDA, CIDA and JICA, SADC, ACP and the African Union.

The theme of the meeting is Accelerating Regional Integration in Eastern and Southern Africa . The meeting will provide opportunity for the Eastern and Southern African regional organizations to present their vision of regional integration, and the related issues on the challenges within the regional integration agenda for support by the EU and other development partners under the Aid for Trade initiative.

The Meeting comes at a time when the four regional organizations in collaboration with the European Commission are in the process of finalizing the 10th EDF Regional Strategy Paper and Indicative Programme for the period 2008-2013 that will be used to support the Regional Integration Strategies and the cooperation programmes of the regional organizations. It will also serve as an EU Regional Strategy policy for joint programming with EU Member States under the Aid for Trade agenda as well as for other donors. A Non State Actors forum on the same theme will be held on 18th July 2008.

BACKGROUND: Regional Strategy Paper/ Indicative Programme, 2008-2013

The Regional Organizations (ROs) which are concerned with the ESA -IO RSP are COMESA, EAC, IGAD and IOC. The four ROs have decided to pursue the collaboration they started under the 9th EDF, to jointly prepare and implement the 10th EDF RSP/RIP for the ESA -IO region. The Member States which form part of the ESA -IO region are heterogeneous in terms of size, economic structure, as well as resources endowment. They however share a common objective to address poverty reduction through regional economic integration and trade.

The regional integration process in ESA -IO was institutionalized in the late seventies and evolved into the formation of Regional Organizations that were attributed with mandates to address specific issues, with ultimate common development objectives. COMESA and EAC pursue a regional economic integration agenda. COMESA launched its Free Trade Area in 2000 and is preparing to launch its Customs Union by 2008. EAC launched its Customs Union in 2005 and plans to finalize the process by 2010. Both also plan to achieve Common Markets and Monetary Unions by 2012/2025. IGAD and IOC are both focused on specificities of their Member States and follow COMESA on the regional economic integration agenda. In addition, EAC has an explicit objective of achieving a Political Federation by 2015, and COMESA, IOC and IGAD have mandates to address Peace and Security in the region.

The decision taken by the region to remain united as a negotiating party for a comprehensive ESA EPA and EAC EPA constitute a challenge and a further opportunity to strengthen the process of regional integration. A deeper and well functioning regional internal market, progressively and asymmetrically opened to the EU, can contribute to generate economic growth.

The overall objective of the 10th EDF ESA -IO RSP is to contribute to the eradication of poverty in member countries and assist them in attaining the MDGs, as enshrined in the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement, by supporting economic growth and developing trade. The specific objectives are to support the regional integration agendas of the ROs; to strengthen regional cooperation and to support the integration of the region into the global economy. The underlying principles of the RSP is to align cooperation with the medium term strategies of the ROs in line with the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the EU Consensus on Development, to mainstream trade into the development objectives of the region and to ensure that assistance is delivered in a manner which is predictable, effective and sustainable.

Interventions are foreseen under two Focal areas: Regional Economic Integration covering regional integration policies, trade and EPA, and regional sector policies, (Focal Area 1); and furthering the Regional Political Integration/Cooperation Agenda (Focal Area 2). , through the development of a series of flanking measures aimed at assisting the region to tackle regional political problems in a coordinated fashion.

Focal Area 1 aims at supporting deepening regional integration by fully implementing the Customs Unions and moving towards a common internal market (and eventually monetary union) through the implementation of the necessary regulatory framework, providing financial support for the trade liberalization process and its possible economic and fiscal costs. It will also aim at leveraging funds for trade-related infrastructure to deepen regional integration and ensure the sustainable management of the natural resources of the region as a core asset for livelihood systems so that it provides a basis for sustainable food security.

Focal Area 2 aims at strengthening the political integration/cooperation process in the ESA region by building a coherent regional view on the concept of good governance, establishing regional mechanisms for early warning, conflict prevention, management and resolution, post-conflict reconstruction, and overall capacity building in the areas of peace and security.

Under the non-Focal areas, interventions will include programmes that may not be covered under Focal Areas 1 and 2 but which are consistent with the mandates and strategies of the ROs including capacity building, support to the IRCC, and involvement of Non-State Actors etc. The non-focal areas will include

The Regional Indicative Programme of an amount of 645 million will be allocated as follows:

Regional Economic Integration: 85%

Regional Political Integration 10%

Other Programmes: 5%.

Implementation will be coordinated through the Inter-Regional Coordinating Committee (IRCC), to contribute to the harmonization of policies in line with the recommendations of the AU.

DIRECTORATE OF CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS

EAC SECRETARIAT

ARUSHA

JULY 2008

—————-

forwaded to API by Leo Odera Omolo

———-

API

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Moi said no to Gaddafi, now he is back big time

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

By Dennis Onyango

Eight years after Kenya re-opened diplomatic ties on restricted terms with Libya, the man President Moi kept at bay is raiding the country, and running rings around its leaders.

Libya is taking over strategic institutions and threatening to bring down the political class in a series of shadowy deals.

Last week, it emerged Kenyas Treasury has cleared Libya Oil Holdings Ltd, a company registered in Mauritius to buy 50 per cent of the Kenya Petroleum Oil Refineries from Chevron, Shell and BP at a price of $10 million.

Libya features prominently in the controversial sale of the Grand Regency Hotel, with its diplomats sometimes suggesting their government is not involved and other times saying it is.

All this is said to be happening in line with an agreement President Kibaki signed with Libya, which gives the country “treatment of a more favoured country”.

In January last year, the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Energy, Patrick Nyoike, on behalf of the Government, signed a memorandum of understanding with Tamoil Africa Holdings, under which Libya was to undertake several projects in Kenya.

They included the $300 million Kenya Petroleum Refinery Ltd upgrade project, construction of a $60 million liquefied petroleum gas import storage and distribution facility in Mombasa and a petroleum products supply contract.

But as President Kibakis friendship with Muammar Gaddafi and Libyans begin to take its toll, some of those who served in the Moi administration now think the former President was right.

Throughout his 24-year reign, retired President Moi remained cautious of Libyan leader Muamar Gaddafi and warned Government officials the Libyan leader was to be embraced with caution.

According to former officials of the Moi State House, even in the early days of the Moi administration Libya was making “all sorts of demands on Kenya” and “always wanted to be given special and preferential treatment.”

It turns out that Libyas quest to invest in Kenyas strategic sectors, particularly its determination to own the Kenya Oil Refineries, did not begin with Kibaki, sources from the early days of Moi administration say.

But Moi fiercely resisted Libyas attempt to enter the local oil market. He also objected to offers by Iran to invest in the Kenya Oil Refinery and possibly own it.

According to former government officials, the retired president worried that the oil sector, particularly the refinery, was too strategic to Kenyas national interests to be shared with unpredictable nations.

There are questions Moi asked then, which some of those who served in his administration say should be asked now.

Moi worried about what would happen if a new person took over in Tripoli and refuses to recognise the deal Kenya signed with Gaddafi.

“Would Kenya go to war with Libya or go to the International Court? What do we do if Libya goes to war with another country while it controls our refinery? Does Kenya join that war? What happens when Libyas enemies target our oil refinery because it is partly owned by Libya?”

Those considerations, a former Moi administration official said, made the former President turn down Irans interest in the Kenya Refineries. Moi, the official said, insisted Irans participation in the refinery could only come as a grant and not shared ownership.

But Mois distrust for Libya is said to have remained even after the international community began to recognise Gaddafi in the late 1990s.

The former president strongly believed one could never tell what Libyans were up to.

So strong was this feeling that when the two states agreed to resume diplomatic ties towards the end of the Moi regime after over 20 years of no relations, the former presidents terms to Gaddafi were tough and clear.

Sources from the Moi era told The Saturday Standard that for Libya to re-open its embassy in Nairobi, Gaddafi had to agree to one condition by Moi.

The condition was a Kenyan intelligence official would be attached to the Libyans to monitor everything they did in Kenya.

The former President further directed intelligence officials that the officers monitoring Libyans in Nairobi would rotate every week.

A Kenyan ambassador said Moi never wanted to deal with the Libyans, “whether wrong or right.”

Kenya had cut diplomatic ties with Libya in 1987, with Moi accusing the Gaddafi and Museveni regimes of interfering in local affairs.

Restoring ties in 1999 never came easy either.

A Kenyan ambassador said Moi only allowed Libya to accredit its Ambassador in Dar es Salaam to also take care of Nairobi.

Full diplomatic relations were only restored after President Kibaki took over in 2003.

Mois distaste for Gaddafi is said to have been a combination of personal pride, a sense of nationalism and political survival instinct.

Sources say he believed Gaddafi held sub-Saharan African leaders in low esteem, viewing them as people he could compromise easily.

That at a time the West viewed President Moi as one of the most important leaders in Africa.

Eight years after Moi left power, President Gaddafi is getting engrossed in Kenyas political and economic life, alongside Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, who Moi treated equally with caution.

In a complete shift, President Kibaki, who was Mois deputy in the days the former President had difficulties with Libya and Uganda, has embraced the two leaders wholeheartedly.

In the 1980s, Moi accused Gaddafi of harbouring expansionist and interventionist tendencies, which he thought Museveni also shared.

Today, Mois successor has developed deep, sometimes-inexplicable ties with the two leaders.

Libya is said to have financed Kibakis re-election campaign.

It is being given preferential treatment over privatisation of strategic institutions, including the Kenya Oil Refineries, the Kenya Ports Authority, and the Kenya Pipeline Corporation.

Uganda, at the same time, is being accused of having seconded his soldiers to fight Kenyans who protested at President Kibakis disputed and discredited re-election last December.

Uganda has denied the charges, but in parts of Western, Rift Valley and Nyanza provinces, villagers claim Ugandan soldiers crossed over and beat up protestors.

In the early days of Moi presidency, Museveni viewed the Kenyan leader as a conservative intent on clinging on to power. Eight years down the line, roles have changed and Museveni is fighting to stay in power for life, with Gaddafis support.

A few months ago, Gaddafi was in Uganda ostensibly to open a mosque. At that function, Gaddafi asked African leaders to forget democracy and rule for as long as their countries needed them. President Kibaki was also at the function where Gaddafi supported Zimbabwe leader Robert Mugabes decision to stay in power.

Much of the poor relations between Libya and Kenya, former officials say, could be blamed on Mois “unfounded” fears Gaddafi was spying on Kenya.

But they also say Moi believed Gaddafi is unpredictable a leader to do deals with and that Libyan Government officials needed close monitoring.

Moi, his former officials say, had a long running distrust for Libya, which appeared to have lived on even after Western regimes and the US cleared Gaddafi.

In November 2,000, two years before Moi left office, Kenya dismissed plans to launch an African Union to replace the Organisation of African Unity.

President Moi argued that the continent was not ready and should first solve its numerous conflicts.

Sources told The Saturday Standard the real reason Moi opposed the creation of AU and questioned its purpose were his distrust for Gaddafi.

In July 2000, the OAU had proposed the creation of AU as a watered-down version of a grandiose plan of a United States of Africa by Gaddafi.

Kenya, a source said, was “either the last or second last” country to ratify the creation of AU because Moi had problems with anything Gaddafi pushed.

On the tough stand against Libya, in the 1980s through to mid-1990s, Moi had the backing of powerful friends at that time.

In the mid-1980s, as Moi was having his battles with Gaddafi, then US president Ronald Reagan declared the United States would support African nations that want to resist Libyan ”interventionism”.

The Kenyan president, his former administration officials say, shared Americas view Gaddafi had interventionist tendencies. He included Museveni in the same bracket.

While some critics say Mois fear of Gaddafi was unfounded, a 1988 report by a US organisation, The Heritage Foundation, indicated that Moi faced internal and external political threats. “Libyan strongman Muammar Gaddafi, working with his ally, Ugandan leader Yoweri Museveni, has attempted to destabilise Kenya over the last three years,” the organisation reported.

London-based Africa Confidential also reported on October 7, 1987, “There also appears to be evidence linking this to Libyan strongman Muammar Gaddafi”.

Although Moi was wary of Gaddafi from the start, the coup attempt of 1982 made Moi go directly for Libya.

A Kenyan diplomat thinks the coup just presented an opportunity to take Libya head on, with Moi accusing Libya of being behind the riots that engulfed the University of Nairobi in mid-1980s.

Those riots, the diplomat said, gave Moi reason to close down the Libyan Embassy in Nairobi, accusing Tripoli of being involved in clandestine ways of wanting to over turn his government.

It did not help that that year, Moi, then OAU chairman was to travel to Tripoli where he was to hand over the OAU chairmanship to Gaddafi.

Gaddafi, largely isolated by the international community, badly needed the chairmanship of OAU to redeem himself.

But it was never to be.

When Gaddafi’s official green Chevrolet Caprice Classic rolled up in front of Tripoli’s newly built Grand Hotel, where dignitaries were staying, only 16 of Africa’s heads of state were present. That was less than half the necessary OAU quorum of 34 leaders. One of those who did not attend was Moi, the outgoing OAU chairman.

In the end, Moi refused to hand over to Gaddafi and continued for one more year as chairman until 1983, when he handed over to Ethiopia.

According to a former Moi official, Gaddafi never forgave Moi for refusing to handover the OAU chairmanship.

———-

API/Standard.ke

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Kenya: Michuki takes up finance docket

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Written By:PPS

John Michuki is the new finance minister in an acting capacity.

Michuki, well known for his exemplary handling of the Transport docket where he brought sanity in the matatu industry will continue with his duties as environment minister.

Prior to taking up the environment docket following the formation of the Grand Coalition, Michuki was roads minister where he also left a mark, putting road contractors on notice that they would be blacklisted should they fail to deliver.

In a statement from the Presidential press Service, President Mwai Kibaki also appointed Chris Obure as acting minister for the crucial Roads ministry.

The ministry fell vacant following the death of Kipkalya Kones in a fatal plane crash last month.

Obure has been heading the ministry of public works since the formation of the Grand Coalition Government.

The appointments take effect immediately.

The Finance docket was left vacant following the resignation of Amos Kimunya after he was censured in parliament due to the way the government disposed off the Grand Regency Hotel.

On Thursday President Kibaki appointed a committee headed by retired Justice Majid Cockar to look into the matter.

————

API/KBC-ke

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The Skanner Wins Top Honors in African American Journalism

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

The Skanner News Group won three honors at the National Newspaper Publishers Association national convention on June 26 in Louisville, KY, including the prestigious 2008 A. Phillip Randolph Messenger Award.


Considered the very highest honor given in the field of African American journalism, The Skanners former news editor, Helen Silvis, has now won the prize twice for the newspaper, in 2005 and in 2008.
The Skanner News Group is the only newspaper in the five western states of Washington, Oregon, Colorado, Nevada, and Arizona, to ever win the award twice.
Silvis won this years award with a two-part series about the growth of the green jobs economy nationwide, and how African American workers in Portland can benefit from the trend.
Reporter Bria

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API

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Sigmund Freud and the Holocaust from the Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia on the 6 May 1856. His father was a textile dealer, named Jacob who married for the first time when he was seventeen and had two children Emanuel and Philipp.

After his first wife died he married a woman named Rebecca but little is known of this relationship.

Jacob Freud married again for the third time a young woman of twenty, Amalia Nathansohn. Their first child was Sigmund, followed by Julius, who died at eighteen months, Anna, Rosa, Mitzi, Dolfi, Pauline and Alexander.

When Sigmund Freud was four Jacobs business ran into difficulties and the family moved to Vienna, Austria.

Sigmund Freud studied medicine at the University of Vienna under Josef Breuer, and graduated with a medical degree in 1881.

Freud worked at the General Hospital in Vienna, and then he went to Paris in 1885 to study Jean Martin Charcot. After returning to Vienna Freud married Martha Bernays, and they had six children.

Freud opened a private practice, their address from 1891 was Berggasse 19, and the family lived at this address until the Nazis forced Freud to leave.

In 1900 Freud published his first major work The Interpretation of Dreams which established the importance of psychoanalytical movement. In 1902 Freud was appointed Ausserordentlicher Professor and he published another work Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality.

At the suggestion of a disciple, Freud founded in 1902 the Psychological Wednesday Society, later transformed into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society.

From 1902 until 1938 he was a professor of neuropathology at Vienna. Freud produced during the first three decades of the 20th century a plethora of distinguished books and monographs on psychoanalysis.

He developed a method for treating hysteria by hypnosis. His theory that dreams are an unconscious representation of repressed desire, especially sexual desires brought him deserved world-wide fame.

By the beginning of the 1920s, Freud writing had given rise to several associates of psychoanalysis. In his own life he was nearly muted due to a series of operations for mouth cancer, commencing in 1923 made him unable to lecture in public.

After the Nazis seized power, Freuds psychoanalytic work came to an end in Germany and Freuds books were among those works by Jewish authors were publicly burned.

The Nazis annexed Austria in 1938 and in 1939 Freud and his family were visited by the German authorities, and his daughter Anna was briefly arrested by the Gestapo. He recorded this in his diary, the entry for the 22 March 1938 Anna bei Gestapo (Anna with Gestapo).

Freud and his family were allowed to leave Austria, after paying a large ransom, moving to London via Paris on the 4 June 1938, his address in London was 20 Maresfield Gardens.

Sigmund Freud died on the 23 September 1939 from throat cancer, three weeks after the outbreak of the Second World War. His death was eased by his doctor Max Schur administering to him morphine.

Three days after his death, Freud’s body was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium in England during a service attended by Austrian refugees, including the author Stefan Zweig.

His ashes were later placed in the crematorium’s columbarium. They rest in an ancient Greek urn which Freud had received as a present from Marie Bonaparte and which he had kept in his study in Vienna for many years.

Freuds Sisters and the Holocaust

Three of Freuds sisters Marie, Pauline Winternitz, and Rosa Graf-Freud were deported to Treblinka, on Transport Number BQ on the 23 September 1942 and murdered, in the gas chambers.

An eyewitness has recorded that one of Freuds sisters, possibly Rosa, approached SS- Untersturmfuhrer Kurt Franz on the ramp and asked to be given lighter walk on account of her poor health.

Franz assured her that her arrival in Treblinka was a mistake, in view of her poor health and that as soon as she had had her bath, she would be put on the first available train back to Vienna.

Freund lost another sister Adolfine who was born in 1862 in Vienna. Deported to Theresienstadt she died on the 5 February 1943 from internal haemorrhaging.

Sources:

The Holocaust by Sir Martin Gilbert, published by Collins, London 1986

Holocaust Historical Society

Yad Vashem Central Database of Holocaust Victims

Sigmund Freud his life and his work website

Vienna Archives

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API/ internationalpsycoanalysis

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Sudan ‘crimes charges’ worry UN

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Sudanese President Omar al-BashirPresident Bashir says facts have been distorted and exaggerated

UN officials fear reports of an imminent indictment against Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir could endanger the lives of peacekeepers in Darfur.

Prosecutors at the International Criminal Court are expected to present evidence against Mr Bashir on Monday.

The charges could include war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.

President Bashir has said his country faces a “vicious campaign”. He denies charges that his government was behind the violence in Darfur.

Over the last five years, more than two million people have fled their villages in Darfur, destroyed by pro-government Janjaweed militia.

The Arab Janjaweed have been accused of ethnic cleansing and genocide against black African civilians, after rebels took up arms in protest at alleged government discrimination in 2003.

‘Playing with fire’

An aide to ICC prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo told the BBC he is to submit evidence to judges on Monday, which could lead to an arrest warrant being issued.

Sudan’s ambassador at the UN says the prosecutor is irresponsible.

“Ocampo is playing with fire,” said Abdalmahmood Abdalhaleem Mohamad, the US Washington Post newspaper reports.

This is laudable in theory, but this would be an initiative fraught with risk for the people of Sudan
Analyst Julie Flint

“If the United Nations is serious about its engagement with Sudan, it should tell this man to suspend what he is doing with this so-called indictment. There will be grave repercussions.”

The BBC’s Laura Trevelyan at UN headquarters says there is considerable alarm about the political consequences of such a move.

Reuters news agency reports that UN staff in Khartoum have been sent an urgent note, urging them to “upgrade their personal security measures” and avoid travel at the weekend and after dark.

“Ensure that you have an adequate supply of food and water in your home for several days, and that your vehicle is fully fuelled. Keep your personal documents and other essentials available,” it says.

A UN aid worker in Khartoum, who did not want to be identified, told the BBC that issuing an arrest warrant against Mr Bashir would only frustrate peacekeeping efforts.

“The president has sworn to fight to the last man and will not surrender to the ICC,” he said.

Following news of the ICC’s intentions, ambassadors in Khartoum were summoned to the foreign ministry where they were told that an indictment would badly affect the stability of the whole region, state media reports.

Sudan analyst Juliet Flint told the BBC that if Mr Bashir was indicted, it would be at an “inopportune moment”.

She warned that Mr Bashir is unlikely to react “coolly and calmly” and could clamp down on aid workers and peacekeepers in Darfur.

It is estimated that two-thirds of Darfur’s surviving population rely on humanitarian assistance.

On Tuesday, seven Darfur peacekeepers died and 22 others were injured, seven critically, in an ambush – one of the deadliest assaults on UN forces in recent years.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon condemns the attack on UN peacekeepers

The UN says its peacekeepers fought for over two hours to repulse suspected Janjaweed fighters, who were armed with mortars and rocket-propelled grenades.

The Sudanese government blamed rebel groups for the attack.

The UN estimates that some 300,000 people have died because of the Darfur conflict but Sudan’s government says the scale of the violence has been exaggerated.

The United Nations and African Union have a joint peacekeeping force in Darfur. But it has just 9,000 of the planned 26,000 troops and has been struggling to contain the violence.

‘Wounded animal

Ms Flint said an indictment would be “laudable in theory, but this would be an initiative fraught with risk for the people of Sudan”.

“There is no doubt that the war in Darfur was orchestrated at the highest level of government,” she said.

map

She said Mr Bashir was recently humiliated by Darfuri rebels who attacked a city across the river from the capital in May.

“A wounded animal would strike back,” she said.

The ICC accuses the entire Sudanese government of war crimes in Darfur, although the government denies organising the Janjaweed.

The ICC has already issued arrest warrants for a minister and a militia leader on 51 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

There is concern that the fragile Darfur peace process could be further weakened, along with the shaky peace in South Sudan, where a separate civil war ended in 2005.

There are also UN peacekeepers in South Sudan.

Sudan does not recognise the ICC and has refused to hand over a government minister and militia leader accused of war crimes last year.

Ali Kushayb, a leader of the Janjaweed militia, and Ahmad Harun, Sudan’s current humanitarian affairs minister have both denied involvement in war crimes.

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API/BBC

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Somali soldiers kill 7 civilians

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Somali troops shot and killed seven civilians in southern Mogadishu, accusing them of being Islamic insurgents who recently launched a series of hit-and-run raids on government targets, witnesses said Friday.

In a separate incident on Thursday, three gunmen shot a Somali aid worker of the U.N. World Food Program, a witness said, the latest in a string of attacks on humanitarian workers.

Witness Liban Ahmed said government soldiers killed at least seven civilians and wounded four during an operation in Daynile neighborhood in the capital.

Government army commander Dahir Ali Farey insisted the dead were Islamist fighters and had been shot just before they attacked government troops.

But Asha Sheikh, another resident, said “there was no confrontation apart from the troops shooting at the civilians.”

Islamist fighters had briefly captured over a dozen strategic towns in the last few months and on Thursday, attacked a military base near the seat of the countrys Parliament.

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API/APA

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Kenyan VP lauds Rwanda for joining East African Community

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Kenyas Vice-President, Kalonzo Musyoka on Friday lauded Rwanda for joining the East African Community (EAC), saying that the move will strengthen the economic bloc and enable its people to benefit from the potentials of the region.

Speaking in Nairobi as he received Rwandas Foreign Affairs minister, Rosemary Museminali, Musyoka also congratulated the Rwandese President Mr. Paul Kagame on his assumption of the EAC chair and expressed optimism that he will steer the region to prosperity and integration.

The Rwandese people no longer require a visa to move within the region, so we welcome you to the family, said Musyoka in a statement issued to the press in Nairobi by his office.

Rwanda joined the EAC in June last year.

Ms Musemali, who is attending a Joint Ministerial Commission (JMC) meeting for EAC ministers in Nairobi, said Rwanda can cooperate with Kenya in the areas of trade, agriculture, cooperatives and security among others.

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API/APA

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Rwandan Senate speaker condemns attack on UN-AU peacekeepers in Darfur

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

The speaker of the upper chamber of the Rwandan parliament, the Senate, Vicente Biruta, on Friday strongly condemned the attack on the United Nations/African Union hybrid peacekeeping force in the Sudanese region of Darfur (UNAMID), which claimed the lives of five Rwandan troops, saying it was absurd and unfortunate.

Late Tuesday, a joint police and military patrol of UNAMID north of Darfur, was ambushed in a well-coordinated attack by unknown gunmen, travelling in about 40 armoured vehicles. The attackers used heavy weapons and engaged the UNAMID convoy in an exchange of fire for more than two hours, claiming the lives of at least seven peacekeepers.

Apart from the five Rwandan soldiers, two police officers, from Ghana and Uganda were also killed. According to UN sources, 19 other peacekeepers were wounded and 17 were missing.

The attack on the UNAMID force and in particular, the Rwandan soldiers providing peace in that region, was very unfortunate and an absurd act.

Its very absurd that we lost soldiers on a peace mission by those they went to protect, Biruta told APA Friday in an interview in Kigali, calling on the international community to urgently intervene and stop any further deaths on the peacekeepers.

Biruta also urged the UN to increase the capacity of the peacekeepers with necessary logistics to enable them acquire capacity to defend themselves from their attackers.

The Rwandan parliamentary speakers condemnation follows similar strong statements from UN and AU officials, including Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who condemned the “unacceptable act of extreme violence against AU-UN peacekeepers in Darfur.”

A Rwandan military spokesman, Major Jill Rutaremara, who also condemned the attack on the troops, also blamed the high level of causalities on the poor equipment of the forces. “Our peacekeepers are ill equipped in a situation where they come under attack from heavily armed people,” Major Rutaremara said, adding that despite the tragedy, the Rwandan military would continue with their mission. “But our mission in Darfur will be marked with more vigilance and self defense.”

Though UNAMID force is supposed to have 26,000 members, it has only about 9,000 troops under its disposal now.

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API/APA

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Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

By Martin Mutua

Immigration and Registration of Persons minister Otieno Kajwang denied any wrongdoing in arbitrarily allowing foreigners into the country.

“I am like an appellate judge with discretion to supreme ministerial decisions,” the minister said on Thursday, explaining that, according to the law, those aggrieved by his officers decisions were free to appeal to him and he would make the final decision.

He said he had discretion to either accept or disagree with advice from his technical staff in matters of issuance of work permits.

Kajwang was speaking at a news conference in response to a story carried in The Standard on Thursday, which detailed how he had ignored advice from his senior ministry staff and issued work permits to certain foreigners.

On Thursday, we reported that against the advice of his PS, Mr Emmanuel Kisombe, and Director of Immigration Service (DIS), Mr Joseph Ndathi, the minister gave passage to eight members of the controversial Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints.

Immigration Minister Otieno Kajwang addresses journalists in his Nyayo House office, on Thursday. Photo: Evans Habil/Standard

But Kajwang blamed corruption cartels, which he claimed have been thriving at his ministry, and were now fighting back. He vowed to deal with the cartels, saying they had soiled his ministrys name.

Corrupt cartels

“I will break the corruption cartels that have made Kenyans believe that one has to part with money to be served in this ministry. That will not happen as long as I am here,” he said.

Kajwang said he has a soft spot for “people who pray” and that he dealt with the application openly.

“I was persuaded by the application because the applicants had no criminal record and neither did they have any bad record. Secondly, they are people who were coming in to help with development projects, that is why I disagreed with my staff,” he said.

He said the law was clear in that any person aggrieved by the decisions taken by his staff was free to appeal to him and his decision was final.

The minister said if the church leaders later turned out to be terrorists or thieves that would be dealt with by another arm of the Government.

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API/Standard.ke

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Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Story by MUGO NJERU

Immigration minister Otieno Kajwang approved work permits for a foreign welder and a salesman against the advice of senior immigration officials, according to documents seen by the Nation.

Mr Otieno Kajwang at a press conference during his first day as the Immigration minister. He has been accused of giving work permits to a welder and salesman despite being urged not to do so by key ministry officials. Photo/FILE

In both cases, Mr Kajwang responded: I have noted the comments of DIS. I have interviewed the applicant. I hereby grant a further two years work permit.

Later Day Saints

Mr Kajwang had earlier given similar permits to eight members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints.

The Nation first broke the story about investigations into the Ministry of Immigration on Monday.

But responding Thursday, Mr Kajwang denied any wrongdoing and said he had always acted within the law. He also denied allegations that he was involved in corrupt deals. According to him, the law gave the Immigration minister he ultimate powers to issue work permits and citizenship documents.

Mr Kajwang had been accused of ignoring technical advice from his juniors before issuing permits arbitrarily to foreigners with questionable character and backgrounds.

He was also accused of issuing work permits to members of a controversial church and foreigners with questionable education backgrounds.

But on Thursday, he challenged those making the allegations to produce tangible evidence and I will surely resign.

I wonder who my accusers are since nobody has come forward with any documents showing that I acted in a corrupt manner, Mr Kajwang told a press conference held at his Nyayo House office.

Overlooked advice

The minister said he overlooked the advice of his Permanent Secretary, Mr Emmanuel Kisombe and the Director of Immigration of Services (DIS), Mr Joseph Nduati, in granting work permits to eight members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints because I saw no reason to deny them entry.

The application was from church missionaries who wanted to come to Kenya to preach and support some development activities in the country. I have a soft spot for people who preach, Mr Kajwang said.

At the time, the Nation reported that the Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission was conducting investigations into mega corruption at the Immigration department.

Sources close to the investigation told the Nation that top officials at the department have been mentioned in the investigations and were likely to be charged in court.

Detectives have been perusing records obtained from the department on Friday last week following reports that foreigners were being issued with entry and work permits after bribing senior officials.

The anti-graft officials have so far discovered that large amounts of money change hands daily in the underhand deals at Nyayo House, the departments headquarters in Nairobi.

They have so far established that corrupt officers have been demanding at least Sh100,000 for every application and applicants who failed to comply had their requests blocked.

On Thursday, Mr Kajwang wondered why the permits had become an issue yet the Director of Immigration had initially issued permits to 10 of the church members.

According to him, he was persuaded that the other eight members who had appealed against Mr Nduatis decision had met the criteria.

I disregarded the advice of the immigration office because the members (of the church) had no criminal record, the minister said.

According to the Immigration Act, an applicant whose request for a permit is rejected can appeal to the minister whose decision is final. Using his discretion, the minister can uphold the decision made by his officers or overrule it.

My judgment in issuing the permits could be wrong. However, the facts that I had at the time is that they were good people. If they are later found not to be good people then the law will take its course, Mr Kajwang said.

Allegation of impropriety against the Minister came two days after his Finance colleague, Mr Amos Kimunya, stepped aside to pave way for investigations over the controversial sale of the Grand Regency Hotel.

On Thursday, Mr Kajwang defended the issuance of permits to foreigners seeking jobs which could be done by Kenyans. He said in many instances, investors demanded to have some of their trusted countrymen fill certain positions in their businesses.

We need to allow them to come along with few of their countrymen to fill certain positions. If we do not do this they will simply go and invest in another country, he said.

In one instance according to the documents, the minister granted a two-year work permit to a Bachelor of Commerce degree holder to work in a retail store contrary to the advice given by Mr Nduati and PS Kisombe.

The minister also denied ignoring technical advice saying he had concurred with his officers in many instances and upheld their decisions on various appeals.

Mr Adan Hassan, whose Ethiopian wife had been seeking citizenship for the last eight years, lodged a complaint at the ministry, saying the delay had caused their family psychological torture.

Mr Hassans case is one of controversial cases handled by Mr Kajwang in which the minister overruled Mr Nduati and ordered him to grant Elizabeth Tadile Abe (Hassans wife) citizenship status.

Mr Hassan said despite the ministers instructions his wife was yet to be granted citizenship.

More damning evidence has emerged on Cabinet minister Otieno Kajwangs excesses at the ministry.

Investigations by the Nation have revealed that Mr Kajwang went out of his way to ensure that a welder from a foreign country was granted a two-year work permit despite being advised against it by Mr Ndathi last month.

According to documents, Mr Ndathi had advised the minister against the move.

These are skills that are plenty in the local Kenyan labour market. The application was rejected by the Entry Work Permit Steering Committee on this basis. Appeal is not recommended, Mr Ndathi had said in a letter to the minister.

But Mr Kajwang, even in the absence of Mr Kisombe went ahead and granted two years work permit to the welder.

There are 750 polytechnics across the country which churn out thousands of students to the job market every year. Many of these polytechnics offer welding courses.

On June 20, the day he granted the welder the work permit, he also dished out another to a middle level manager working at a factory in Nairobis Industrial Area.

Entry permit

Mr Ndathi had earlier indicated that the appellant had only been granted a one year dual entry permit to allow him to hand over to a Kenyan. The permit expired last month.

It is my recommendation that this position be upheld in order to create employment for Kenyan citizens, Mr Ndathi told the minister on April 29.

But last month, Mr Kajwang wrote: I have noted the comments of the DIS. But after interviewing the applicant, I hereby grant a permit for two more years.

Sources at the ministry disclosed that the minister had approved scores of work permits which had earlier on been rejected by the immigration officers.

Additional reporting by Jeff Otieno and Fred Mukinda

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API/Nation.ke

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Kajwang has only been at immigration for a short time and he has already issued so many work permits.

Posted by African Press International on July 12, 2008

Author : Emali Wanyama

Commentary:


I will use this particular session of the sincerity of our ministers to talk about Kajwang.

How disappointed I am. Kajwang has only been at immigration and he has already issued so many work permits. I don’t know what is wrong with some Kenyan officials. Are we all stupid or what? The only people who should be issued with work permits now are astronauts about to take off to the moon. Why do we educate our children if we are to keep giving work permits to foreigners, and who says anyone is deserving of a work permit – don’t you see how our people are suffering.

Mr. kajwang, I think you ought to give someone a work permit to take over your job as minister for immigration. I am sure even a foreigner will pity the Kenyans who wear out their shoes looking for jobs while people like you issue work permits to welders and salesmen. Shame on you!

Is Kenya cursed? Which other African country, or any other country in the world for that matter, allows people to bring “one of their own” just because they have invested in the country. Do you see the same trend in Uganda or Tanzania? Ati they will go invest elsewhere? Are you kidding! Where else will they find people who are ready to sell their own for a profit? If they want to go let them go. Do you think these people don’t know that Kenya is a haven for them? They come here and get work permits, and they invite their relatives and friends who get work permits, then they all bring their wives and families who get work permits – then they send their sons and daughters home to get married and bring their spouses who get permits – na wakenya bado wanatafuta jobs. if you don’t believe me, look around.

I give up on this government, I give up on ministers who do not see the suffering of their own people. Kajwang, do you want to tell us that in your constituency there are no welders looking for jobs? Shame, shame. Is immigration dept. cursed?

Oh, I know Mr. Kajwan, let all the foreigners (Whites and Indians – these are the ones who get work permits) get all the top jobs and we can all go back to being street vendors, houseboys, and housegirls since that is what the immigration department has reduced our young people to.

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api

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