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Archive for May 12th, 2008

Kenya: Pollution and poor management causes water shortage in Kisumu

Posted by African Press International on May 12, 2008


By Fred Obera.

The growing inadequacy of water supply and scarcity of fresh and clean water is among the most important serious contemporary concern for many nations of the world regarding to its future availability, which will determine its availability of clean water and its potential scarcity and quality. Several factors have contributed the emerging water crises in the world which its result has led to poverty alleviation among the third world countries, these problems are such like the ever continued growing population in urban areas, contamination of surface water and groundwater, the frequent drought especially in the sub-Saharan Africa, the extreme global warming and the uneven distribution of water resources.

For over the last 20 years, the infamous Nile Water Treaties have come up for debate. Crafted during the British colonial rule in the 1959 agreement in particular gave Egyptians and Sudanese unfair powers for controlling the use of River Nile waters. Critics in the East Africa countries have voiced desire to do away the colonial era pacts that, among other things, prohibit large scale irrigation, multilateral water companies or diversion of Nile waters without the consent of the Pharaohs. The merits of regenerating the Nile Treaties are not questionable given the inequalities perpetuated. What is lamentable, however, is the failure of some riparian countries to manage the water resources from the Lake Victoria such as the case of the Kisumu City in Kenya attests.

Paradoxically, whats happening in Kisumu City-District underlines the moral of the African saying that scarcity is the mother of human innovation. Whereas the less-endowed and desert states in the down stream have grown wiser in their utilisation of the scare natural asset the same cant be said of their upstream counterparts whose abundant reserves of waters are degraded by Municipalities. But as L. Karlen, Sida Programme Coordinator posed the challenge in his paper Unity in Community Management Water And Sanitation Projects In Rural Kenya, puts the moral dilemma succinctly that, In rural Kenya less than 40% of the population have access to clean water within reasonable reach. Women and children trek long distances to carry home a 20-litre jerycan to a family of 7-10 members. This scarce water supply is mainly used for cooking and drinking. Little water is available for washing and cleaning. Hygiene standard is therefore low and diseases are frequent, affecting mostly younger children.

The point of L. Karlen is relevant and timely especially in a case where Kisumu district draws 80% of its water supplies from Lake Victoria-and in a sad state of affairs that our government (Municipalities) and people (leaders) mismanage the waters of the lake and making majority of Kisumu district people leaving without the basic necessity, water accessibility which is pumped right from the lake, which is just a throw away stone.

At the moment three urgent questions are posed at the beginning of this paper having notified the water crises in Kisumu without abundant water at the melting port of Kisumu being a city in the Lake. The first question concern in what way can the Lake Victoria fresh water provide water for the Kisumu district residents adequately without the ever existing water crises? Second part of the question goes this way, with the water inadequacy or crises in rural areas and most urban areas in Kenya, which way forward can the government pump water direct from Lake Victoria to their need? Third question can water from Lake Victoria save the Kenyan economy?

It has always been claimed in the water sector by specialists that water is central for sustainable development both from macro and micro-perspective. At the macro level, water supports projects, while it is an essential ingredient for supporting livelihoods at the micro level.

And in order to elevate the crises of water in the district, basically for a sustainable rural and urban water development, among others, the following issues must be generally considered to be major importance;

  • Availability of water and availability in space and time, need to increase storage capacities either from 2% to 10% and Need to set up projects and programmes to mobilize and sensitise communities both rural and urban to participate in mitigating pollution and water quality degradation due to industrial, urban and agro-based effluents.

The water crisis in the district is not much lacking of knowledge, resource or technology. Neither the tales of the infamous Nile Water Treaties has hindered Kisumu to harness water for domestic use. Kisumu thirst simply because of poor leadership in governance. What is more important to know is that, if the district can improve water resource management therefore, the food security and environmental sustainability will be achieved without using a lot of resources, with special focus on the reduction of poverty and hunger and the improvement of human health; these are chief issues we have to take into consideration and be concern about. Since hence the district economy lies within the proper use of the Lake



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Rwandese businessman hunted by ICTR requests API to deliver a massage to Rwandese Government. “I am ready to negotiate for a supervised surrender on agreeable terms”, says Kabuga

Posted by African Press International on May 12, 2008

Written by Korir, Chief Editor,

Flicien Kabuga<Mr Felicen Kabuga

Mr Felicen Kabuga, a man I have only met once while inhiding,says the time has come and now ” I am ready to negotiate for a supervised surrender on agreeable terms.” He says he is willing to face justice in his country and not in Arusha where the international law is being advocated.

When asked to elaborate what he means by “supervised surrender on agreeable terms”, Kabuga said he prefers that his arrest when surrendering is supervised by senior officers who respect human rights rather than allowing himself tobe picked by enthusiastic soldiers who may molest him because they have been brainwashed to believe he is a criminal.

He wants the government to listen to his side of the story so that an arrangement may be reached in the same way the Sudanese leader Riek Machar has mediated between the Ugandan government and Kony’s LRA.

He is very specific on what he wants. Kabuga has a person in mind that he would appreciate as the mediator in the talks between him and the government of Rwanda. He also has a man in mind who he wants to have as his representative in the talks during the first stages. “I am getting old now and would like to be back in my country before my health lets me down; he says.

Explaining why he wants talks that would see an agreement reached between him and the government when he knows the international court wants him on serious crimes, he says he has diabetes and would not like to be captured while in hiding because then whoever will get him will most probably manhandle him without consideration of his health. “I have to get a special kind of food because of my diabetes and that is what I want to be taken into consideration by the government during the talks. I know I will be useful to the government if they accept to negotiate with me. There are things that I will reveal to them. Things that will help them achieve their goals in punishing the real killers of our people. I am just picked on because of hatred. You know people get jealous when you are not poor.”

Kabuga can talk. He promises to tell his side of the story and he says if there is justice in this world he will bebelieved once his story comes out. “I am accused of crimes I have never committed. There were atrocities but I am unfairly accused. I never masterminded the killings. Everybody must carry his own cross”, says Kabuga a bit agitated.

On listening to Kabuga one wonders what he is really thinking. He believes he is unjustly being prosecuted. And wants to join his countrymen in the development of the country. He says that the way Kony and LRA has been treated is a way to achieve peaceful solutions and healing in Uganda.

One of the main requests he will put on the table if there will be any negotiations is his wish to be given bail while waiting for trial inside Rwanda. This is something that may go against the wishes of the International Court in Arusha. The Chief Prosecutor The ICTR Chief Prosecutor, Mr Hassan B Jallow may protest if such arrangement is accepted by the Rwandese government. However, the government of Rwanda may choose to cut a deal with Kabuga for the sake of peace and reconciliation. Now that there is no death sentence in the country, Kabuga thinks he may receive justice, but does not see justice being accorded to him if the ICTRin Arusha will be involved in his trial.

Stay in Kenya

Kabuga confirms that he has lived in Kenya for many years and travelled in and out of the country using different names. But now he wants to come clean and face what he calls “reasonable justice meted by my countrymen and not foreigners.”

He says a number of senior security personnel in Kenya have always known of his whereabouts and were good to him. However, he complains he had to part with a lot of money every month to satisfy their demands.. Some of them have even facilitated travel documents in time of need. ” I bought houses for 3 security men and gave a lot of money to others who wanted to establish private businesses that they will be engaged in when they soon retire.

When asked why he had to leave Kenya in a hurry, he says the officers had become greedy and wanted more and mote, some even started to threaten him of arrest if he did not become more generous.

Warned of possible arrest

One evening at eleven pm, two officers summoned him to a car park near Carnivoreandwarned him ofa possible arrest because two of his protectors had been transferred to another province and could no longer be around to intervene whenever there were discussions about what to do with him. Kabuga says the two men advised him to seek refuge elsewhere because if he were to be arrested in Kenya, it would become an embarrassment to the government and those who have protected him all these years would easily be targeted. Kabuga says the changes in Kenya politics has made life difficult for him of late. It has affected his businesses and properties. The changes that is being made all the time in the security service by the Police Commissioner has destabilised his protectors. Some were posted outside Nairobi to remote areas and that put his security in danger

“The political situation was also not conducive any more because my friends are shifting allegiance because of the political landscape”, Says Kabuga.

The freezing of assets

When asked what his reaction is to the recent court ruling in Kenya freezing his assets, Kabuga sayshe is angered and will not entertain such a thing. “It is my sweat and those who take it from me will be made to give back forcefully,” he says roaring, adding “I have never stolen from anybody and I will not accept a court ruling that steals from me. Many people will be angry if Kenyans steal from me. Someone is misleading the judge or bribing him. Otherwise how can he do thisto me?”,concludes Kabuga.

Kabuga’s conditions to API

To grant API the interview, Kabuga gave conditions. API was not to publish the story until after twenty four hours from the time of the interview. API must not reveal the his present identity and his next destination on leaving Norway.However, he wants the Rwandese government to react to his request as soon as possible. For the purposes of warming relationship for future exclusive interviews, API accepted the demand and follows it to the letter.

He wants the first negotiation meeting to take place in a neutral country, and he names Sweden and Finland as countries of his choice. When API asked why he prefers the two countries as the place to start talks, he declined to give the reason.

API has promised Mr Kabuga that his detailed request will be passed on to the Rwandese government in a confidential letter as soon as possible. API is proud to have been considered worthy to deliver the message of peace, and thereforetakes upon itself to do so in the spirit of peace andreconciliation. Ifthere is anything to be proud of when it comes to the genocide of 1994 in Rwanda,is to be able to enable the people of Rwanda to have a closure in the horrifying genocide that took saw many lives perish. Almost every family got affected by it one, way or another.

The Kenyan people were lucky after last December general elections, when they experienced post election violence. It almost went out of control and that would have pushed Kenyans into a civil war where neighbour against neighbour were going to cut one another to pieces considering the fact that the country has 42 different ethnic groups. Kenya was lucky to get international community involved in an early stage, whereas in the case of Rwanda in 1994, there was silence and no intervention, givng room for the genocide that we, as a people, are all ashamed of to this day.

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The freezing of assest by a Kenyan judge causes Felicen Kabuga to ask for talks with Rwandese government.

Posted by African Press International on May 12, 2008

Publisher: Korir,

A few days ago we released information to the effect that Kabuga was in Oslo and had a short meeting with some two Sudanese. He wants to open dialogue with the Rwandese government for his home return. He does not want to be captured. His request for talks with the Rwandese government will be published on this online website in a few days to come. Kabuga knows that when Kenya now freezes his assets, others may follow and that will make it difficult form him to continue hiding. API

Court awaits defendant in Kabuga case

By Nyakundi NyambogaFelicien Kabuga is a man on the run and has so far successfully evaded arrest and trial for offences arising from the infamous genocide in Rwanda, nearly 14 years ago.

Kabuga was born in 1935 in Muniga Secteur, Mukarange Commune, Byumba prefecture, Rwanda, and is a wealthy and influential businessman. Among other positions, he was the President of the National Defence Fund, Rwanda.

Under President Habyarimanas rule, political and financial power in Rwanda was consolidated within a tight circle, the core of which was the extended family of the President.

Kabuga was a prominent member of this group by virtue of marriage of his two daughters to the sons of President Habyarimana and First Lady Agathe Kanziga. He also had control over the employees of the business enterprises that he headed, such as Kabuga ETS.

Last week, the Attorney-General, through the Director of Public Prosecutions Keriako Tobiko moved to the High Court for orders preserving property that the fugitive and his wife Mukazitoni Josephine own in an upmarket estate in the city of Nairobi. Application

The application was brought under Section 60 of the Constitution of Kenya, the Geneva Convention Act, Chapter198, Kenyas obligation under international law and the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council, the inherent powers of the court and all enabling provisions of law, procedure and practice.

Tobiko told High Court Judge, Mr Muga Apondi, that the application was necessitated by a request by the International Criminal Tribunal at Arusha charged with trying persons suspected of involvement in the Rwanda genocide.

The ICTR Chief Prosecutor, Mr Hassan B Jallow, had written the request.

Tobiko informed the court that Kabuga had been charged with the following crimes before the ICTR: Count I: Conspiracy to commit genocide; Count II: Genocide or alternatively; Count III: Complicity in genocide; Count IV: Direct and public incitement to commit genocide and; Count V: Extermination as a crime against humanity.

Subsequently, in 1997, Kabuga was indicted for the offences and a warrant of arrest was issued against him. Thereafter, Kenya was requested to assist in arresting Kabuga to face trial.

According to Tobiko, Kabuga has to date managed to evade arrest and justice. That is despite the public advertisements that have been made by the CID of Kenya.

The Director of Public Prosecutions referred the court to: Resolution No. 955 of the United Nations; Resolution No. 1165 of 1998 of the United Nations; Resolution No. 1431 of 2002 of the United Nations; Resolution No. 1503 of 2003 of the United Nations and Resolution No. 1534 of 2004 of the United Nations.

The theme running through the resolutions is for member states of the United Nations to assist in investigation to trace the suspects of the genocide in Rwanda, so that they can be brought to book.

The Director of Public Prosecutions also submitted that Kenya, as a member of the United Nations, has an obligation under international law to give full cooperation to the Arusha Tribunal.

To buttress his submission, he referred the court to a book, International Criminal Law by Antonio Cassese.

Relevant points in the book include the assertion that the statutes of the tribunals impose upon states an obligation to cooperate. This obligation is at the same time sweeping (for it embraces any matter where the tribunal may need the cooperation of a state), and strict (for it is assisted by the sanctioning powers of the Security Council in case of noncompliance by a state).

It follows from that obligation that states are not allowed to rely upon such traditional clauses for refusing cooperation or extradition as double criminality, political offence, nationality of the person requested for surrender, etc.

Others are that the tribunal is endowed with broad and binding powers, for it can issue binding orders to states for the handing over of evidence, arrest of suspects, etc, or subpoenas to individuals acting in a private capacity.

Also, although states may invoke national security concerns as grounds for refusing the transmission of documents and other evidence, this is subject to strict limitations, and the tribunal may have the final say on the matter.

The book also points out that tribunals may make a judicial finding of failure to cooperate, and the President is then authorised to submit it to the Security Council.

In addition, Tobiko also submitted that, following investigations by a joint team of CID officers and investigators from ICTR, Kabuga and his wife jointly own a Spanish Villa at Lenana Road, House No. 6 on LR No.1/1154).

Initially, the rents were collected by Kenya Trust Company Limited who used to deposit the same in the Account No.24872 of Kabuga at the Commercial Bank of Africa, Wabera Street.

Subsequently, that account was closed and Kenya Trust Company Limited started remitting an equivalent of Sh290,000 quarterly to Account No.000076004853, belonging to Kabugas wife in Belgium.

The fear expressed by Tobiko is that Kabuga may be using the proceeds to help him avoid capture and evade justice. The ruling

Justice Muga Apondi said: “The investigations by the CID officers from Kenya and investigators from the ICTR are not only meticulous but also detailed.

They clearly show that Kabuga and his wife own the Spanish Villa along Lenana Road, Nairobi. The investigations also show explicitly the bank accounts and transactions that Kabuga and his wife have been involved in.

“I hereby concede to the application and hereby issue an order for the preservation of the Spanish Villas and restrain Kabuga, Josephine, Kenya Trust Company and any of their agents from alienating, selling, disposing off, wasting or damaging the subject property or any part thereof, or any interests or rights therein until the conclusion or other determination of the case (Case N0JCTR97221) against Kabuga pending in the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (the ICTR) or until further orders of this Honourable Court.”

Apondi also directed that all rental income or proceeds collected or received by Kenya Trust Company limited or any other managing agent from the use or occupation of the subject property less any management fee payable, be deposited with the Registrar of the High Court of Kenya until the conclusion of the case.

Kabuga, Josephine and Kenya Trust Company were to be served with these orders by way of advertisement in at least two local, one regional and one international paper.

The parties would be at liberty to apply for extension, variation, discharge or setting aside of these orders.

Kenya is a member of the United Nations and hence bound by the resolutions of the Security Council specifically, Resolution 1503 of 2003 that requested Kenya among other states to intensify cooperation with and render all necessary assistance to the ICTR.


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Kabogo has started political prostitution. He lost elections in his party PNU and now runs to Raila’s Bondo homecoming party where he shifted membership to ODM

Posted by African Press International on May 12, 2008

Publisher: Korir,

Kabogo is only after power. When one loses elections in his own party, why rush to another, like he is doing now? This only shows that this people will do anything to remain in power. He was most noisy in the last parliament and now already misses that, he wants to wordhip ODM instead of building his PNU and wait for the future. API

Forget opposition, Raila tells Nyanza

By John Oywa And George Olwenya
A day after hundreds of ODM supporters expressed disaffection with the Grand Coalition Government, Prime Minister Raila Odinga moved to assure his political supporters in his Bondo hometown that all was well.
Raila, who seemed keen to stamp his authority over the matter, told his supporters time had come for them to change their attitude and realise that they were now in Government and not in the traditional opposition they have been used to. In one of the strongest messages ever to the ODM fraternity since the last General Election, the Prime Minister said the Coalition was “inevitable”.

He said he opted to share power with President Kibaki to save the country from anarchy.

“I did it for the sake of this country. People were dying and our country was disintegrating. I had to swallow my pride,” said the PM.

He added: “I dont want you to panic about the future. After all, it is a tactical retreat because we have a long way to go. Kindly change your attitude and feel part of this Government.”

Unlike on Saturday when his supporters murmured in disapproval when he talked about the power-sharing deal at a rally in Kisumu, on Sunday the crowd cheered him on.

The Langata MP, who is also the ODM leader, said his partys decision to drop its demands during the coalition negotiations was not a sign of weakness.

“He who surrenders lives to fight another day. You can make two steps forward, one backward and advance,” he told the multitude that had gathered for his homecoming party.

Crowned Luo elder
Raila was speaking at the Bondo Teachers Training College, during the final leg of his elaborate homecoming party that began in Kisumu on Saturday.

The event was scheduled to end today when he visits Western Province at a thanksgiving service for Funyula MP, Dr Paul Otuoma, who is also the Fisheries minister.

In Bondo, Raila was made a Luo leader by a team of elders from his Sakwa clan who presented him with two spears, a monkey skin and headgear, a traditional stool and a shield.

He told the Luo community to forget the past and support the new Government.

“I accepted to discuss peace because I no longer wanted to see people being killed during the post-election violence. We must know that there is only one Kenya. Even the colonialists fought and arrested our people, but they are our friends today,” he added.

Speaking in parables, the PM said some politicians even suggested that the country be divided at the height of the violence.

“We realised that some people wanted us to divide the country, but I opted for peace. It reminded me of a biblical story where two women where fighting over a child and the one who was not the mother suggested that it be cut into two,” Raila said.

He said he was happy with ministerial portfolios given to his party and assured Kenyans that the Government would deliver services as promised during campaigns.

He criticised ODM backbenchers pushing for a Grand Opposition in Parliament, saying the move would weaken the party. He urged the MPs to criticise the Government from within the coalition.

“It is not bad to criticise the Government. Even I criticse the Government, but forming the Opposition in Parliament will rob us of the majority we are enjoying,” said Raila

Earlier, Deputy Prime Minister, Mr Musalia Mudavadi, said Raila would attend ODM campaigns for next months by-elections despite Opposition from some PNU leaders.

He was referring to statements by Assistant minister, Mr Danson Mungatana, who said President Kibaki and Raila should keep off the campaigns to help foster unity.

Mudavadi said although Raila was the PM, he cannot divorce himself from ODM.

“We are in a grand coalition, but there is no law barring Raila from supporting his party,” said Mudavadi, adding that the party needed to win all the five parliamentary and 52 civic seats to maintain its majority in the House.

Ministers who spoke at the function said ODM was already strategising for the 2012 elections.

They included Mr Henry Kosgey, Dr Paul Otuoma, Mr Otieno Kajwang, Mr Chris Obure, Mr Dalmas Otieno, Mr Kipkalya Kones, Prof Anyang Ngongo, Mr Wycliffe Oparanya, Prof Hellen Sambili, Mr James Orengo and Mr Fred Gumo.

Kosgey said the party was eyeing nothing short of State House.

“We are just having a stopover, the journey will have to end at State House. We promised our people that we shall deliver them to Canaan. We must do it,” said Kosgey.

The Industrialisation minister also said Kalenjin MPs were fully in ODM contrary to reports that some were contemplating quitting the party.

Orengo said ODM was fully in charge of Government operations because it has the majority in Parliament.

“We have the majority of MPs and nothing can pass in Parliament without our consent,” said the Lands minister.

Nyongo said the Government would unveil a new constitution this year and called for patience.

Oparanya said Western Province was behind Raila, and asked MPs not appointed to the Cabinet to support the coalition.

Gumo caused laughter when he demanded that Raila be allocated a special public address system similar to that used by President Kibaki and the Vice-President, Mr Kalonzo Musyoka. This was after several sound hitches at the Bondo rally.

Said Gumo: “The PM is a big man and cannot continue using third rate public address systems hired from local musicians. Im asking the Minister for Information to ensure that Raila gets a new PA system as soon as possible.”

Political prostitution (API)

Former Juja MP, Mr William Kabogo, made a surprise appearance at the rally and was given a chance to address the gathering, where he said he was robbed of victory and would now back ODM.


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Vice President Kalonzo, Justice Minister Karua and Deputy PM Uhuru chose to attend PNU Minister Beth Mugo’s homecoming, and yet they ignored ODM PM Raila’s homecoming to Luo-land

Posted by African Press International on May 12, 2008

Publisher: Korir,

PNU rejects amnesty call

By Beauttah Omanga

Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka and Justice, Minister Ms Martha Karua led a team allied to PNU in rejecting ODM demands that people arrested over post-election violence be released.

The VP said it was wrong for any member of the Government to contradict a Government position in disregard of Cabinet collective responsibility.

Said Kalonzo: “Anybody who had a hand in the post- election violence must face the law. Those who took part or hid behind their tribes while 1,500 Kenyans were killed and 350,000 evicted from their homes must face the law, no matter how long it takes.”

Public Health minister, Mrs Beth Mugo, VP Kalonzo Musyoka (centre) and Deputy Prime Minister, Mr Uhuru Kenyatta, in Kawangware, Nairobi, on Sunday. Picture by Collins Kweyu

Coming out of the bonding session that was held at the weekend that resolved that ministers would not contradict one another in public, the VP was categorical: “You can run, but you cannot hide forever.”

Without naming names, the VP said Kenyans uprooted from their homes must be helped to go back. He told off some Government officials who were against the move.

“It is a Government policy that IDPs be resettled where they were evicted. It beats logic when some leaders demand that alternative homes be identified,” said the VP.

The anti-amnesty stand was an apparent reaction to Agriculture minister Mr William Rutos remarks in Kisumu on Saturday, during the homecoming party for Prime Minister, Mr Raila Odinga.

Ruto was reported to have called for the release of suspects arrested during the polls chaos. He argued that they were fighting for democracy following the disputed presidential election results.

Karua, who spoke before the VP, said leaders who were calling for the release of suspects were insincere.

“Regardless of what political side we stand on, we must all respect the law. Those facing charges in court must account for their acts in full as per the law,” she said.

She added: “We cannot interfere with the legal system for political expediency.”

The leaders, including Deputy Prime Minister, Mr Uhuru Kenyatta, and Cabinet minister, Mrs Esther Murugi, said there was need for leaders to speak in one voice and support national healing spearheaded by President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga.

The leaders were speaking in Dagoreti on Sunday, during a thanksgiving ceremony for Cabinet minister and local MP, Mrs Beth Mugo.


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Kenyan security minister Saitoti preaches peace and unity

Posted by African Press International on May 12, 2008

Publisher: Korir, source

Saitoti urges politicians to preach peace

Written By:George Kithuka

Politicians have been urged to shun utterances that could lead to hatred among Kenyans.

Internal security minister George Saitoti says the government is committed to bringing peace and stability to the country.

Speaking at the Rongai Catholic Church in his Kajiado North constituency Saitoti said this is a crucial moment in the history of the country and politicians should learn from the aftermath of last year’s elections to preach peace among Kenyans.

He called on Kenyans to co-exist peacefully and keep off from leaders who try to incite them against each other.

The minister said the government would make sure all Kenyans and their property are protected.

Saitoti reiterated that the government would assist displaced persons start their lives anew.

He said the grand coalition government would prioritize issues concerning the youth with a view to involving them in activities that would enable them get involved in economically viable projects.

He expressed optimism that the coalition government would last saying all players have shown their commitment to bring peace and stability in the country.

And with members of the coalition government pledging to give Kenyans a new constitution by the end of the year, Gachoka MP Rev. Mutava Musyimi now says Kenyans should be left to decide whether they want a Presidential, Parliamentary or a Hybrid system of government.

Musyimi who is also a member of the Parliamentary Committee on Legal and Justice Affairs said the move would prevent conflicts of power from arising.

Musyimi says currently Kenya has no definite governance system which complicated administrative roles and led to duplication of duties.

He said Kenyans have struggled for a new constitutional dispensation for decades and urged leaders not to delay the reform process further.

Rev Musyimi was speaking during the inauguration ceremony of the new Makima division in Mbeere District.



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