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Archive for August 31st, 2007

Norway: Tens of thousands of Norwegians experience every year, hospitals spread the real diseases.

Posted by African Press International on August 31, 2007

They arrive at hospital expecting to get well, but as tens of thousands of Norwegians experience every year, hospitals spread the real diseases.

Patient Vigdis Agledahl at Aker hospital in Oslo has been hospitalized for months after a post-surgery infection. Chief surgeon Dag Berild said hygiene and infection prevention is important at the hospital

PHOTO: ROLF HMAN

At least six percent of patients get infections as a direct result of hospitalization, according to statistics from The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Nasjonalt Folkehelseinstitutt), made public this week.

While the figure in itself is severe enough, experts warn that this is just the tip of the iceberg. Professor Bjrg Marit Andersen at Ullevl university hospital, told newspaper Aftenposten that an estimated 60,000-70,000 patients are infected at hospitals every year, and that between 300 and 400 patients die annually as a result.

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health admits that their figure, at 5,7 percent, is deceivingly low. “We count the most severe, common and important cases of infection,” said chief physician Bjrn Iversen, “But the number of patients infected is obviously much greater than that.”

Although many infections are impossible to avoid, stemming from surgery and general treatment combined with patients reduced immune systems, the experts believe that approximately half of the incidents can be avoided.

Reducing the number of patients infected has, however, proved difficult in the past. In a large-scale campaign to improve hygiene among hospital staff, initiated by former Health Minister Dagfinn Hybrten, the use of a bacteria-killing liquid by health workers quintupled to 120,000 liters a year, without reducing the number of patients infected at hospitals.

Vast variations in infection figures across hospitals nonetheless indicate that some infections may be linked to hospitals’ hygiene routines.

Aftenposten English Web Desk
Kristin Solberg
Aftenposten’s reporter
Anne Hafstad

Patient Vigdis Agledahl at Aker hospital in Oslo has been hospitalized for months after a post-surgery infection. Chief surgeon Dag Berild said hygiene and infection prevention is important at the hospital

PHOTO: ROLF HMAN

At least six percent of patients get infections as a direct result of hospitalization, according to statistics from The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Nasjonalt Folkehelseinstitutt), made public this week.

While the figure in itself is severe enough, experts warn that this is just the tip of the iceberg. Professor Bjrg Marit Andersen at Ullevl university hospital, told newspaper Aftenposten that an estimated 60,000-70,000 patients are infected at hospitals every year, and that between 300 and 400 patients die annually as a result.

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health admits that their figure, at 5,7 percent, is deceivingly low. “We count the most severe, common and important cases of infection,” said chief physician Bjrn Iversen, “But the number of patients infected is obviously much greater than that.”

Although many infections are impossible to avoid, stemming from surgery and general treatment combined with patients reduced immune systems, the experts believe that approximately half of the incidents can be avoided.

Reducing the number of patients infected has, however, proved difficult in the past. In a large-scale campaign to improve hygiene among hospital staff, initiated by former Health Minister Dagfinn Hybrten, the use of a bacteria-killing liquid by health workers quintupled to 120,000 liters a year, without reducing the number of patients infected at hospitals.

Vast variations in infection figures across hospitals nonetheless indicate that some infections may be linked to hospitals’ hygiene routines.

By Kristin Solberg
and Anne Hafstad

Lifted and published by Korir, API*APN africanpress@chello.no tel +47 932 99 739 or +47 6600 2525 source.aftenposteneng

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Norway: NSB head and his counterpart ordered by minister to present a clear plan for ending the chaos that’s disrupting service

Posted by African Press International on August 31, 2007

The heads of both the Norwegian state railway (NSB) and the state agency in charge of the tracks (Jernbaneverket) were called into the Transport Minister’s office on Wednesday and were due back on Thursday, ordered to present a clear plan for ending the chaos that’s disrupting service.

Norwegian Transport Minister Liv Signe Navarsete is ordering train bosses to clean up the train system mess.

PHOTO: BJRN SIGURDSN/SCANPIX


Per Kristian Pedersen is among NSB’s train operators who are quitting in frustration.

PHOTO: ASMUND HANSLIEN

Transport Minister Liv Signe Navarsete vowed that the management of NSB “won’t get any rest until they have regained control over the situation.” She added that “the worst that can happen now is if people give up on the train system.”

She was expecting both NSB boss Einar Enger and railroad boss Steinar Killi of Jernbaneverket back in her office on Thursday, 24 hours after they were ordered to find a way to get the system back on track.

NSB has blamed serious staffing shortages for the train delays and cancellations that have stranded thousands of commuters and frustrated thousands more. Newspaper VG reported Thursday that around 3,000 train departures have been cancelled just in the last eight months.

With local elections looming in less than two weeks, state officials are keen to fix any problems that may cause more problems for their parties’ candidates. Navarsete’s message was thus unusually clear: “Get out of today’s situation and ensure that NSB’s most important customers, passengers in the Oslo metropolitan area, are offered reliable service through the winter.”

“We can’t have the situation we have now,” Navarsete, of the Center Party, told newspaper Aftenposten. “At the same time, I’m asking passengers to be patient.” She doesn’t want them to start driving their cars to work.

NSB is paying would-be train engineers while they study, in return for commitments that they’ll work for NSB for at least two years after graduation. Navarsete also wants NSB to reduce the number of experienced engineers who are quitting, and step up recruitment efforts.

One 52-year-old train engineer, however, told Aftenposten that he quit after 30 years with NSB because he was so frustrated over working conditions. He said, for example, that he was often embarrassed to operate trains because they were so filthy, in turn because of inadequate cleaning personnel. “NSB is a sick company,” he said.

The trouble comes just when NSB is seeing record large ridership, because of environmental concerns, traffic congestion on local roads, and the high prices of petrol and parking in Oslo.

By Nina Berglund

Lifted and published by Korir, API*APN africanpress@chello.no tel +47 932 99 739 or +47 6300 2525 source.aftenposteneng

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API*APN predicts the next Kenya government following Moi’s scheme

Posted by African Press International on August 31, 2007

API*APN predicts Kenya’s next government line-up:

Following the recent developments and from past experience, the next government line-up will be very interesting. Kenyans should be psychologically prepared to accept a strong coalition government where coalition parties will unite and lock out ODM from the government.

After the December elections, the most likely possibility is as follows:

President: Mwai Kibaki – Narc-Kenya

Vice President: Nicholas Biwott – KANU

Minister for Finance: Prof Saitoti – Narc-Kenya

Minister, Local Government: Uhuru Kenyatta – KANU

Minister, Foreign Affairs: Kalonzo Musyoka

Minister, Health: Mrs Ngilu

Minister of State – office of the President: Musikari Kombo – Ford-Kenya

* Remaining key ministries will go to Kibaki’s stauch supporters, while some ministires of lesser significance and assistant ministerial positions will be given to smaller parties that join the coalition. It is a matter of satisfying those who may choose to shout loud about the outcome of the elections.

The story below discussing Rift Valley politics does show where Kenya is heading. The 18 MPs who now say they will not support Moi’s Kibaki initiative will change their mind one by one in the next coming weeks after some secret lunches. The only man that may be fooled and kept by ODM is Mr William Ruto who is now seen as a betrayor by the Rift Valley community. And if he chooses to be the only Rift Valley MP to remain with Raila group, he will be excommunicated by the other MPs from the province.

People say, politics is a dirty game, but now we say, politics is all about yourself and your pocket! It is where you get that godies that matter to most men and women in politics these days. Let all keep a watchful eye on what will come in the next few weeks.

Cyrus Jirongo says he is angered by Moi’s choice of Kibaki for a second term. This means, he will now decide to stand as a presidential candidate. Being from Luhyia land, that will force Musalia Mudavadi to leave his presidential aspirations and join Moi’s group. This will see Mudavadi being rewarded with a ministerial appointment because he will bring in some Luhyia supporters to Kibaki’s court like Kombo. API*APN

Story by DAVID MUGONYI and LUCAS BARASA
Publication Date: 8/30/2007

The balance of power in Rift Valley was the focus of attention yesterday after 18 MPs said they would remain in ODM while another 13 backed retired president Daniel arap Mois decision to support President Kibakis re-election bid.

Kanu leaders, including MP Nicholas Biwott (left) and party chairman Uhuru Kenyatta (right) leave a past meeting. The partys MPs are split over retired president Mois decision to back President Kibakis re-election bid. While 13 support the move, 18 others said they would remain firmly in ODM. Photo/FILE

The scramble for the regions votes split leaders from Rift Valley with the Kanu group previously allied to Keiyo South MP Nicholas Biwott supporting Mr Mois move while their opponents stayed rooted in ODM.

In the group opposed to Mr Moi are MPs William Ruto, who is eyeing the ODM presidential ticket, Henry Kosgey, Noah arap Too, Lucas Chepkitony, David Sudi, Moses Cheboi, William Boit, Joseph Korir, Philip Rotino and Samuel Moroto, Charles Keter, Joseph Lagat, Musa Sirma, Sammy Rutto, David Koros, Franklin Bett, Sammy Koech and Kipkalia Kones.

Support Moi

Those who support the retired president included MPs Biwott, Nick Salat, Gideon Moi, Jimmy Choge, Paul Sang, Anthony Kimetto and Linah Kilimo and Cabinet ministers John Koech and Kipruto arap Kirwa. Also in this group are assistant ministers Stephen Tarus, Asman Kamama, Alicen Chelaite and John Serut and Mrs Linah Kilimo.

The loyalties of Mosop MP John Sambu and nominated MP Esther Keino remained unclear.

Kacheliba MP Samuel Poghisio backs ODM-Kenya presidential hopeful Kalonzo Musyoka.

Mr Kosgey who is also the ODM chairman said: As much as we respect the former president, people in the Rift Valley have already decided to support ODM.

At a press conference on Tuesday, Mr Moi, announced that he would support President Kibakis re-election bid. He described the Head of State as a nationalist who deserved a second term at State House. But he said Kanu officials would meet to decide whether or not the party would field a presidential candidate.

Mr Moi also dismissed opposition parties as tribal outfits.

And yesterday, MPs who spoke to the Daily Nation gave varying explanations for the positions they had taken.

According to Mr Kosgey, Mr Moi had no serious following in the vast province with 3.3 million voters. This was evidenced by the calibre of leaders who back him. According to him, most voters from the region would support Langata MP Raila Odinga who is seeking the ODM presidential ticket. Mr Odinga is the favourite candidate to win the nomination scheduled for Saturday.

Majority of Kalejins support ODM and Mr Mois support for President Kibaki will not have any impact or change the peoples mind, the Tinderet MP added.

And Mr Ruto saw Mr Moi as a spent force as far as politics in the Rift Valley was concerned.

He said: Let Moi talk about peace in Sudan and the Moi African Institute if he wants to be in current affairs, otherwise he should wait for history books to be written.

Eldoret East MP Joseph Lagat and his Eldama Ravine counterpart also said Mr Mois influence had waned.

I dont think Kibaki will get any more votes than what he had? In fact, he could lose some supporters because of Mr Mois support, Mr Lagat added.

He said the retired president was causing confusion among the few people who support him because he has in the past supported Kanu chairman Uhuru Kenyatta, before he later shifted to Mr Biwott and now President Kibaki.

Mr Sirma said there was a new generation of leaders who had emerged in Rift Valley and had eclipsed Mr Moi both in the region and nationally. He said: It is only the Biwott group who listen to him.

However, Mr Mois remarks got kind words from his son Gideon, Cabinet minister John Koech, assistant minister Tarus and Bomet MP Nick Salat. The younger Moi said: Definitely people will want to understand why the former President has decided the way he has.

According to him, once Mr Moi starts his campaigns there will be shifts in political loyalty.

However, the MP said Kanu had not decided who to back for the presidency and was still holding consultations.

And Mr Koech said: Although I have had my own problems with him (Moi), his stand shows political maturity and quite a number of leaders and people in Rift Valley trust him and will go with him.

Grassroots leaders

Mr Mois decision was supported by grassroots leaders in Nyeri, Mr Kibakis political stronghold. The political and business leaders from Nyeri North and South districts said Mr Mois action was testimony that President Kibaki was taking Kenyans in the right direction, contrary to perception by his opponents.

Led by Nyeri Town mayor Wanyaga Gathaka, the leaders urged presidential hopefuls who were a creation of the retired president to abandon their mission and support President Kibaki.

In Keiyo District, ODM suffered a setback when some party officials and supporters defected to Kanu. Branch organising secretary Sylvester Chepkok led over 100 ODM supporters in Iten in defecting to Kanu, citing claims of dictatorial leadership by some national officials.

Lifted and published Korir, API*APN africanpress@chello.no tel +4793299739 or +4763002525 source.nation.ke

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